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Experimental investigation review of biodiesel usage in bus diesel engine
Breda Kegl, Marko Kegl, 2017, original scientific article

Abstract: This paper assembles and analyses extensive experimental research work conducted for several years in relation to biodiesel usage in a MAN bus Diesel engine with M injection system. At first the most important properties of the actually used neat rapeseed biodiesel fuel and its blends with mineral diesel are discussed and compared to that of mineral diesel. Then the injection, fuel spray, and engine characteristics for various considered fuel blends are compared at various ambient conditions, with special emphasis on the influence of low temperature on fueling. Furthermore, for each tested fuel the optimal injection pump timing is determined. The obtained optimal injection pump timings for individual fuels are then used to determine and discuss the most important injection and combustion characteristics, engine performance, as well as the emission, economy, and tribology characteristics of the engine at all modes of emission test cycles test. The results show that for each tested fuel it is possible to find the optimized injection pump timing, which enables acceptable engine characteristics at all modes of the emission test cycles test.
Keywords: bus diesel engine, fuel injection, fuel spray, combustion, emission, engine performance, tribology characteristics, optimized injection pump timing
Published in DKUM: 07.07.2017; Views: 1572; Downloads: 405
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Influence of biodiesel on injection, fuel spray, and engine characteristics
Breda Kegl, Stanislav Pehan, 2008, original scientific article

Abstract: This paper discusses the influence of biodiesel on the injection, spray, and engine characteristics with the aim to reduce harmful emissions. The considered engine is a bus diesel engine with injection M system. The injection, fuel spray, and engine characteristics, obtained with biodiesel, are compared to those obtained with mineral diesel under peak torque and ratedconditions. The considered fuel is neat biodiesel from rapeseed oil. Its density, viscosity, surface tension, and sound velocity are determined experimentally and compared to those of mineral diesel. The experimentally obtained results are used to analyze the most important injection, fuel spray, and engine characteristics. Furthermore, the influence of biodiesel usage on lubrication is presented briefly. The results indicate that, by using biodiesel, harmful emissions (NOx, CO, HC, smoke, and PM) can be reduced to some extent by adjusting the injection pump timing properly while keeping other engine characteristics within acceptable limits. Furthermore, the results indicate better lubrication conditions when biodiesel is used.
Keywords: biodiesel, diesel engine, injection characteristics, fuel spray, emission, lubrication
Published in DKUM: 31.05.2012; Views: 1874; Downloads: 384
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Diesel and biodiesel fuel spray simulations
Primož Pogorevc, Breda Kegl, Leopold Škerget, 2008, original scientific article

Abstract: This paper deals with the investigation of the influential parameters of a mathematical spray breakup model using different fuels. Beside injection system measurements, fuel physical properties and injection process characteristics were measured, because they are necessary for the spray simulation input. For validation purposes, spray was injected into motionless air at atmospheric pressure and room temperature and filmed with a high-speed camera. Spray macrocharacteristics have been determined on the recorded images. Using the simulation program, the injection processes for diesel, biodiesel, and their 50% blend B50 have been simulated. Spray mathematical model parameters were tuned based on the experimentally gained results. Primary breakup model parameters showed the biggest impact on the spray characteristics and were therefore expressed using the fuel physical properties, the injection process characteristics, and the working regime parameters. Spray simulations into the combustion chamber were made in the end. All of these results are presented and discussed in this paper.
Keywords: fuel spray, spray breakup, biodiesel fuel, fuels, numerical simulations, mathematical model
Published in DKUM: 31.05.2012; Views: 1869; Downloads: 86
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