1. A novel particle–particle and particle–wall collision model for superellipsoidal particlesJana Wedel, Mitja Štrakl, Matjaž Hriberšek, Paul Steinmann, Jure Ravnik, 2023, original scientific article Keywords: multiphase flow, Lagrangian particle tracking, superellipsoid, collision, friction Published in DKUM: 28.03.2024; Views: 149; Downloads: 8 Full text (6,50 MB) This document has many files! More... |
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3. Stress-dilatancy behavior of sand incorporating particle breakageFangwei Yu, 2017, original scientific article Abstract: This paper presents the stress-dilatancy behavior of sand incorporating particle breakage. A series of the drained triaxial tests were conducted on the Silica sand No.5 and the pre-crushed sands that were produced by several drained triaxial tests on Silica sand No.5 under 3MPa confining pressure in simulating the high-pressure shear process to result in particle breakage, to investigate the stress-dilatancy behavior of sand incorporating particle breakage. For a given initial void ratio, particle breakage was found to result in deterioration of the stress-dilatancy behavior in the impairment of the dilatancy of sand to become more contractive with a reduction in the maximum dilatancy angle and the excess friction angle (the difference between the peak-state friction angle and the critical-state friction angle). By introducing the concept of the skeleton void ratio in considering particle breakage, a linear stress-dilatancy relationship between the maximum dilatancy angle-over-the excess friction angle and peak-state skeleton void ratio was proposed in semi-logarithmic plane and popularized to the mobilized stress-stain state as a stress-dilatancy equation pertaining to particle breakage, which would be useful in assessing the evolution of the stress-dilatancy behavior of sand during particle breakage. Keywords: dilatancy angle, friction angle, particle breakage, sand, triaxial tests Published in DKUM: 18.06.2018; Views: 1650; Downloads: 106 Full text (1,43 MB) This document has many files! More... |
4. Numerical modeling of the negative skin friction on single vertical and batter pileMohammad Mahdi Hajitaheri Ha, Mahmoud Hassanlourad, 2015, original scientific article Abstract: In this paper the negative skin friction on single vertical and batter piles is investigated. First, a finite-element model (using ABAQUS software) based on the studies Lee et al. and Comodromos and Bareka was developed. After that, the results of the model were compared and validated. Then a single vertical end bearing and a single skin friction pile under different earth-surface loadings were analyzed and the down-drag force as well as the neutral plane location were studied. Subsequently, the performances of the single end bearing and the friction pile, with different inclination angles between 0 and 30º, were analyzed.
Moreover, the sensitivity analysis was implemented using 2-D models. This showed a satisfactory compatibility with the results of the study of Lee et al. and Comodromos and Bareka. Finally, it was concluded that the drag load of the pile and the neutral plane position depend on the condition of the soil surrounding the pile, the 2D or 3D model type , the earth-surface loading intensity, the type of end-bearing pile or friction pile and the pile’s inclination angle. The simulation results agree well with the experimental findings. Keywords: negative skin friction, batter pile, down-drag force, neutral plane Published in DKUM: 15.06.2018; Views: 1529; Downloads: 111 Full text (341,89 KB) This document has many files! More... |
5. The dynamic properties of the snail soil from the Ljubljana marshBojan Žlender, Ludvik Trauner, 2007, original scientific article Abstract: A series of cyclic triaxial tests was performed on snail-soil samples with different porosities. The cyclic loading was performed with a Wykeham Farrance cyclic triaxial system. The investigation was based on a series of tests in which the following conditions were varied: the initial effective pressures (50, 100, and 150 kPa), the void ratio after consolidation (2.0–1.2) and the cyclic loading expressed by the cyclic stress ratio CSR (0.1–1.0). Measurements were made of the stress, the deformation and the pore-water pressure.
The results of the tests show that interdependency exists between the geomechanical characteristics and the porosity. These relationships can be expressed as functions of the density, the porosity or the water content. It is evident from the results that the changes in the coefficient of permeability, the coefficient of consolidation, and the coefficient of volume compressibility are non-linear with respect to the changes in the porosity. However, the changes at high porosity are much greater than the changes at low porosity, and the changes of the mechanical parameters, such as the Young’s modulus, Poisson’s ratio, and the friction angle, are indistinct and almost linear at lower changes of porosity, and after that become non-linear.
The initial void ratio e is extremely high and the snail soil is liquid after consolidation; a volume strain of εvol > 16 % is needed for the plastic limit state.
The chemical and mineral composition, the particle size distribution and the remains of micro-organisms in the snail soil are constants. In addition, the specific surface is independent of the porosity and the density or unit weight, the porosity and the volume strain are in the well-known correlation.
The performed cyclic triaxial tests show the dynamic characteristics of the snail soil and the influence of the porosity on the cyclic loading strength. The snail soil was recognized as a highly sensitive material. A large strain appears after the initial cycles. The pore pressure, increases already during the first cycle, to the hydrostatic part of the cyclic loading, or more (depending on CSR).
The damping ratio increases exponentially with strain, after some cycles it reach its maximum value, and after that it decreases to the asymptotic value. The reason for such behaviour is the large deformation. The maximum and asymptotic values of the damping ratio are a changed minimum with a void ratio. There is obviously no influence of the porosity on the damping ratio.
The shear modulus is described in relation to shear strain. The increasing of the pore pressure is independent of the porosity until it reaches some value of the pore-pressure ratio (>0.7). Similarly, the increasing of the shear strain becomes dependent on the void ratio until it reaches some particular value of the shear strain (>3%).
The deformation and failure lines for the different porosities are determined from the relationship between the shear stress and the effective stress at some shear strain, after 10 cycles.
The relationships between the shear stress and the effective stress at some value of the pore-pressure ratio are expressed in a similar way.
Two kinds of criteria were used to determine the triggering of liquefaction during the cyclic triaxial tests: first, when the pore pressure becomes equal to the effective confining pressure, and, second, when the axial strain reaches 5% of the double amplitude. Keywords: snail soil, cyclic triaxial test, porosity, permeability, consolidation, Young’s modulus, shear modulus, damping ratio, Poisson’s ratio, friction angle Published in DKUM: 18.05.2018; Views: 1669; Downloads: 90 Full text (479,11 KB) This document has many files! More... |
6. Interactional approach of cantilever pile walls analysisStanislav Škrabl, 2006, original scientific article Abstract: This paper proposes a new method for the geomechanical analysis and design of cantilever retaining structures. It is based on the limit equilibrium method, but it uses some additional conditions for interaction between the retaining structure and the ground, when referring to the distribution of the mobilized earth pressures on the structure. The greatest benefit of the proposed method is shown in the analysis of structures of layered ground (heterogeneous above the dredge level and homogeneous below it), embedded in frictional and cohesive materials, and in the possibility of considering the influence of surcharge loadings on the active or passive side of the retaining structure. When analyzing such cases in practice, the proposed method gives results which are in better agreement with the results of FEM based elasto-plastic interaction analyses than with the results of currently used methods. At the same time, its results are in accordance with those published for homogeneaus cohesionless ground. Since in practice almost all retaining structures are erected in layered ground (heterogeneaus above the dredge level and homogeneous below it), the proposed method is very convenient and applicable for the analyses and design of cantilever structures under arbitrary geomechanical conditions. Keywords: geomechanics, soil-structure interaction, retaining walls, embedment, cantilevers, earth pressure, pressure distribution, friction soil - wall, limit analysis, shear forces Published in DKUM: 17.05.2018; Views: 1439; Downloads: 80 Full text (411,22 KB) This document has many files! More... |
7. Influence of kinematic factors of friction stir welding on the characteristics of welded joints of forged plates made of EN AW 7049 A aluminium alloyMilenko Perović, Sebastian Baloš, Dražan Kozak, Darko Bajić, Tomaž Vuherer, 2017, original scientific article Abstract: In this paper, the influence of rotation speed and welding speed on the impact strength, microstructure and cross section micro hardness of FSW welded joints of Al-Zn-Mg-Cu high strength aluminium alloy is studied. Rotation speed was varied from 750 min−1 to 850 min−1 and welding speed from 60 mm/min to 80 mm/min. It was found that the energy of crack propagation is up to three times higher than the energy of crack initiation. This ratio was found by testing the Charpy notched specimens taken from left and right from the weld centre, 4 mm from the notch in a direction opposite to a direction of welding. Micro hardness distribution in the nugget does not show large dissipation of value regardless if the measuring point is in the upper or lower section of the nugget. Weld microstructure characteristics and zones are clearly defined at the basis of grain size and material flow. Keywords: dynamic recrystallization, friction stir welding, impact strength, micro hardness distribution Published in DKUM: 12.07.2017; Views: 1524; Downloads: 373 Full text (2,13 MB) This document has many files! More... |
8. A theoretical and numerical study of an additional viscosity term in a modified elasto-plastic friction model for wet friction clutch simulationsTomaž Petrun, Jože Flašker, Marko Kegl, 2013, original scientific article Abstract: This paper deals with a theoretical and numerical study of various viscosity terms in the modified elasto-plastic friction model and its influence on the resulting friction force-torque, transmitted through the contact of the friction clutch. Various simple viscous definitions for fluids considering shear rate dependent viscosity were investigated. As a basis for the research the Carreau fluid model was chosen, since it can describe Newtonian, dilatant and pseudo plastic fluids. Besides of theoretical investigations, numerical simulations at realistic friction clutch operation conditions were carried out. The results were compared to the results of a validation case for a dry friction clutch simulation with the modified elasto-plastic friction model. This research showed significant differences between various viscosity definitions and revealed the drawbacks of such a simplified approach. In addition to viscosity, a possibility to calculate the generated heat due to friction and its influence on the contact temperatures is discussed briefly. The basic theory and equations are given along with the directions for future work. The requirements for an accurate temperature calculation in the friction contact are outlined. Keywords: friction model, friction clutch simulation, simple viscosity models, Carreau fluid Published in DKUM: 21.12.2015; Views: 1338; Downloads: 80 Link to full text |