Analysis of flocculation/flotation as wastewater pretreatmentJulia Olmedo Gomez
, 2021, undergraduate thesis
Abstract: The purpose of this bachelor thesis is to optimize pretreatment of a wastewater from cosmetic industry. The current cleaning process in industry consists of two steps, namely i) AOP (Advanced Oxidation Process), and ii) flocculation/flotation (FF). However, as the HEM (n-Hexane Extractable Materials) decreases the efficiency of the AOP process by heavily blocking the light to penetrate in the wastewater to be cleaned, a first FF in acid environment is introduced in the process as pretreatment. The parameters that were varied to carry out the optimization were i) Fe2(SO4)3 content added in first FF and, ii) H2O2 content. To precise, JAR tests werecarried out to make the FF and the sample was put in a 1.8 L reactor and subjected to UV light in the AOP treatment. For the better distribution of the H2O2 and Fe2(SO4)3 addition to the cleaning process the design of experiment was used. The HEM measured wascarried out according to standard method “United States Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), Method 1664, Revision B: n-Hexane Extractable Material (HEM; Oil and Grease) and Silica Gel Treated n-Hexane Extractable Material (SGT-HEM; Non-polar Material) by Extraction and Gravimetry”. We found that the percentage of removal is very high, it goes from 96.3% till more that 99.9%. In average, with this new first FF, the percentage of removal is 98.61% which represents a very high enough removal rate of HEM to achieve the WW disposal limits in most cases. Only 3 out of 9 experiments exceeded the emission limit of 100 mg/L of HEM due to the type of surfactant, which we can conclude it has a strong influence in the removal of HEM.
Keywords: AOP, n-hexane extractable material, wastewater pretreatment, flocculation/flotation
Published: 22.10.2021; Views: 10; Downloads: 0
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Reduction of sludge volume in waste waters at the end of the drinking water treatment processRebeka Fakin
, 2018, master's thesis
Abstract: Water treatment at Seierstad drinking water treatment plant is done by chemical coagulation using aluminum-based coagulant. The quality of the drinking water source – Lake Farris, has decreased throughout the years, that is why more and more particles, organic matter and dissolved minerals must be removed. That contributes to the volume of sludge being produced at the end of the process. The main objective of the assignment is to reduce sludge volume by coagulation and flocculation in the sedimentation basins using a coagulant/flocculent. In order to choose the right coagulant tests have been performed in the laboratory and on the actual process. The laboratory analyses showed great potential and one of the coagulants has been chosen and tested on the actual process. The testing was followed up for the entire summer of 2016 and then compared to the year before. We have been following the pH and Al3+ content in the water being released back to the environment and visibility in the top water layer in the sedimentation basin. Cost analysis, including the cost of chemicals and electricity usage, has been done. The sludge reduction was successful, and it was approximately 49% less than the year before.
Keywords: Water treatment, lake Farris, sludge treatment using coagulation and flocculation, effects of aluminum on the environment.
Published: 09.03.2018; Views: 737; Downloads: 79
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Efficiency of the coagulation/flocculation method for the treatment of dyebath effluentsVera Golob
, Aleksandra Vinder
, Marjana Simonič
, 2005, original scientific article
Abstract: Textile dyeing processes are among the most environment-unfriendly industrial processes, because they produce coloured wastewaters that are heavily polluted with dyes, textile auxiliaries and chemicals. The coagulation/flocculation method was studied as a wastewater treatment technique for the decolourization of residual dyebath effluents after dyeing cotton/polyamide blends using reactive and acid dyes. It was discovered that acombination of aluminium sulphate and a cationic organic flocculant yields an effective treatment for residual dyebath wastewaters since almost complete decolourization was achieved, TOC, COD, AOX, BOD and the anionic surfactants were reduced and the biodegradability was increased.
Keywords: textile industry, reactive dyes, acid dyes, wastewater, čiščenje odpadnih vodwastewater treatment, flocculation, coagulation, ecological analyses, wastewater decoloration, Jar-tests
Published: 01.06.2012; Views: 1754; Downloads: 79
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Removal of vat and disperse dyes from residual pad liquorsVera Golob
, Alenka Ojstršek
, 2005, original scientific article
Abstract: The efficiency of three wastewater treatment techniques, coagulation/flocculation, adsorption and ultrafiltration, has been studied for the removal of vat and disperse dyes from residual pad liquors. Three inorganic coagulants Al2(SO4)3 18H2O, FeSO4 7H2O, FeCl3 6H2O and commercial cationic flocculant, as individuals and in combination, were tested for the coagulation/flocculation methods. Granular activated carbon was used as an adsorbent in the adsorption technique. Ultrafiltration was performed using a polyethersulfone membrane with a molecular weight cut-off of 10 kDa. Dye removal was evaluated as the difference between concentrations of dyes in pad liquors before and after a particular treatment using absorbance measurements.The obtained results indicated over 90% of dye removal using appropriate coagulants and only 40% using activated carbon. The best results, dye removal over 98%, were achieved using the ultrafiltration technique.
Keywords: textile dyeing, disperse dyes, wastewater, decoloration, wastewater treatment, coagulation, flocculation, adsorption, ultrafiltration, vat dyes
Published: 01.06.2012; Views: 1677; Downloads: 95
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