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High-Order Fiber Bragg Grating Corrosion Sensor Based on the Detection of a Local Surface Expansion
Vedran Budinski, Matej Njegovec, Simon Pevec, Boris Macuh, Denis Đonlagić, 2023, original scientific article

Abstract: This paper presents a fiber optic sensor for the detection of corrosion processes that occur on metal surfaces. In the proposed sensor design, a sensing fiber with an inscribed high-order Bragg grating is attached to the observed metal surface. A broadening of high-order Bragg grating spectral characteristics is observed and used to detect small and highly localized longitudinal strain variations that occur along the fiber as a result of corrosive rust flakes' formations beneath the sensing fiber. The proposed approach provides a straightforward fabrication method, the possibility for unobtrusive mounting, including mounting of the sensor beneath the corrosion-protective layers, and consistent corrosion detection yields.
Keywords: optical fiber sensors, corrosion, impact of corrosion, optic sensors
Published in DKUM: 09.02.2024; Views: 193; Downloads: 8
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Monitoring the evaporation of fluids from fiber-optic micro-cell cavities
Eyal Preter, Borut Preložnik, Vlada Artel, Chaim Sukenik, Denis Đonlagić, Avi Zadok, 2013, original scientific article

Abstract: Fiber-optic sensors provide remote access, are readily embedded within structures, and can operate in harsh environments. Nevertheless, fiber-optic sensing of liquids has been largely restricted to measurements of refractive index and absorption spectroscopy. The temporal dynamics of fluid evaporation have potential applications in monitoring the quality of water, identificationof fuel dilutions, mobile point-of-care diagnostics, climatography and more. In this work, the fiber-optic monitoring of fluids evaporation is proposed and demonstrated. Sub-nano-liter volumes of a liquid are applied to inline fiber-optic micro-cavities. As the liquid evaporates, light is refracted out of the cavity at the receding index boundary between the fluid and the ambient surroundings. A sharp transient attenuation in the transmission of light through the cavity, by as much as 50 dB and on a sub-second time scale, is observed. Numerical models for the transmission dynamics in terms of ray-tracing and wavefront propagation are provided. Experiments show that the temporal transmission profile can distinguish between different liquids.
Keywords: fiber-optic sensors, opto-fluidics, evaporation monitoring, optical micro-cells, fiber cavities, droplet analysis
Published in DKUM: 22.06.2017; Views: 1129; Downloads: 326
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Fiber-optic sensors for measurements of torsion, twist and rotation : a review
Vedran Budinski, Denis Đonlagić, 2017, review article

Abstract: Optical measurement of mechanical parameters is gaining significant commercial interest in different industry sectors. Torsion, twist and rotation are among the very frequently measured mechanical parameters. Recently, twist/torsion/rotation sensors have become a topic of intense fiber-optic sensor research. Various sensing concepts have been reported. Many of those have different properties and performances, and many of them still need to be proven in out-of-the laboratory use. This paper provides an overview of basic approaches and a review of current state-of-the-art in fiber optic sensors for measurements of torsion, twist and/or rotation.
Keywords: fiber optic sensors, twist sensors, rotation sensors, circular birefringence, linear birefringence, FBG, polarization, optical fibers, Fiber Bragg Gratings
Published in DKUM: 22.06.2017; Views: 1491; Downloads: 388
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Quasi-distributed long-gauge fiber optic sensor system
Matjaž Linec, Denis Đonlagić, 2009, original scientific article

Abstract: This paper presents a quasi-distributed, long-gauge, sensor system for measurement optical path length variation. This system can be directly applied to long gauge strain and/or temperature sensing. The proposed sensor system is comprised of sensing fiber, which is divided into the sensorćs segments separated by semi reflective mirrors made out of standard optical connectors. Short duration radio-frequency modulated optical bursts are launched into the sensing fiber and phase differences among individual reflected bursts are measured to determine the optical path-length variations among neighboring mirrors. Twenty sensing fiber segments were successfully addressed by a single-signal processor, while relying on standard telecommunication PIN diode, and a Fabry Perot laser diode. The resolution of a fiber-length variation better than 5 ìm was demonstrated in practice. Since the long sections of fiber can be employed for constructing individual sensors within the sensor's array, a microstrain resolution can be achieved in practice. The drift of the sensorćs system can be predominantly attributed to the temperature sensitivity of the electronic components, which proved to be below 20 um/°C. The entire system relies on simple and widely-used components that are low-cost.
Keywords: fiber optic systems, fiber optics sensors, sensing fiber, long-gauge, strain sensing, temperature sensing, optoelectronics
Published in DKUM: 31.05.2012; Views: 2360; Downloads: 110
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