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A multiscale approach to deformation and fracture of heat-resistant steel under static and cyclic loading
P. O. Maruščak, Denys Baran, Vladimir Gliha, 2013, original scientific article

Abstract: Regularities of static and cyclic deformation, damage and fracture of heat-resistant steel 25Kh1M1F, based on the approaches of physical mesomechanics and 3D interferometry method, are presented in this paper. The applicability of these techniques for different hierarchy levels of deformation was studied. The investigation of scanning microscope photos was conducted for several dissipative structures, fragmentation of the material, localisation of macrodeformation and subsequent failure on macro- and mesolevel. It is shown that the used modern techniques of experimental analysis are very efficient in understanding deformation and damage evolution in materials.
Keywords: fracture, heat-resistant steel, cyclic loading, fatigue, plastic deformation
Published: 18.08.2017; Views: 504; Downloads: 248
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Fatigue crack initiation and propagation in lotus-type porous material
Srečko Glodež, Sašo Dervarič, Janez Kramberger, Matjaž Šraml, 2016, original scientific article

Abstract: The investigation of fatigue strength of lotus-type structure with nodular cast iron as a base material using computational model is analysed in present study. The irregular pores distribution in transversal and longitudinal direction, regarding the external loading, is considered in the computational models. The complete fatigue process of analyzed porous structure is then divided into the crack initiation (Ni) and crack propagation (Np) period where the total fatigue life (N) is defined as: N = Ni + Np. The crack initiation period is determined using strain life approach where elastic-plastic numerical analysis is performed to obtain the total strain amplitude in the critical stress fields around the pores. The simplified universal slope method is then used to determine the number of stress cycles, Ni, required for formation of initial cracks. The number of stress cycles, Np, required for crack propagation from initial to the critical crack length is also numerically determined using finite element (FE) models, in the frame of Abaqus computation FEM code. The maximum tensile stress (MTS) criterion is considered when analyzing the crack path inside the porous structure. The performed computational analyses show that stress concentrations around individual pores are higher when external loading is acting in transversal direction in respect to the pore distribution. Therefore, further computational analyses regarding crack initiation and crack propagation period have been done only for pores distribution in transversal direction.
Keywords: lotus-type porous structures, fatigue crack initiation, fatigue crack propagation, numerical analysis
Published: 02.08.2017; Views: 578; Downloads: 286
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Damage and failure modeling of lotus-type porous material subjected to low-cycle fatigue
Janez Kramberger, Klemen Sterkuš, Srečko Glodež, 2016, original scientific article

Abstract: The investigation of low-cycle fatigue behaviour of lotus-type porous material is presented in this paper. Porous materials exhibit some unique features which are useful for a number of various applications. This paper evaluates a numerical approach for determining of damage initiation and evolution of lotus-type porous material with computational simulations, where the considered computational models have different pore topology patterns. The low-cycle fatigue analysis was performed by using a damage evolution law. The damage state was calculated and updated based on the inelastic hysteresis energy for stabilized cycle. Degradation of the elastic stiffness was modelled using scalar damage variable. In order to examine crack propagation path finite elements with severe damage were deleted and removed from the mesh during simulation. The direct cyclic analysis capability in Abaqus/Standard was used for low-cycle fatigue analysis to obtain the stabilized response of a model subjected to the periodic loading. The computational results show a qualitative understanding of pores topology influence on low-cycle fatigue under transversal loading conditions in relation to pore orientation.
Keywords: porous materials, low-cycle fatigue, damage, finite element analysis
Published: 02.08.2017; Views: 463; Downloads: 290
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Computational simulation of biaxial fatigue behaviour of lotus-type porous material
Janez Kramberger, Marko Šori, Matjaž Šraml, Srečko Glodež, 2016, original scientific article

Abstract: A computational simulation of low-cycle fatigue behaviour of lotus-type porous material, subjected to biaxial in-phase loading cycles is presented in this paper. Fatigue properties of porous materials are less frequently published in the literature. This paper evaluates computational analyses, where different pore distribution and biaxial loading conditions in relation to the pore orientations is considered in each simulation. The fatigue analysis is performed by using a damage initiation and evolution law based on the inelastic strain energy. The computational results are subjected to the appropriate statistical analysis, because of different pore topology a different fatigue lives are obtained on the same loading level. Results of computational simulations show also a qualitative understanding of porosity influence on low-cycle fatigue failures of lotus-type porous material under biaxial loading conditions.
Keywords: Lotus-type porous material, low-cycle fatigue, damage, finite element analysis
Published: 02.08.2017; Views: 513; Downloads: 302
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Experimental determination of fatigue parameters of high chromium steel under different loading and temperature conditions
Matej Drobne, Nenad Gubeljak, Srečko Glodež, 2014, original scientific article

Abstract: Fatigue investigation of high chromium steel (HCS) at different loading ratios (R = 0, R = -1) and different temperatures (20 °C, 600 °C) is presented in this paper. Before fatigue testing, monotonic mechanical properties (ultimate compressive and ultimate tensile strength) are determined at different temperatures, using standardized testing procedures according to DIN 50125 standard. Moreover Charpy impact tests at different temperatures were done with specimens that comply with the standard ISO 14556. Fatigue testing is performed on a servo - hydraulic testing machine with consideration of different loading conditions as described above. On the basis of the experimental results the S - N curves are constructed from which typical fatigue parameters (the fatigue strength coefficient 0'f and the fatigue strength exponent b) are determined. After fatigue testing a comprehensive investigation of fracture surfaces is performed using the Scanning Electron Microscope (SEM). Experimental results presented in this paper will serve as a basis for further investigations related to fatigue behaviour of real working rolls in hot strip mills made of HCS.
Keywords: experiments, high chromium steel, high cycle fatigue, fracture mechanics
Published: 12.07.2017; Views: 463; Downloads: 98
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Compression pre-stress of tubular torsion springs
Vinko Močilnik, Nenad Gubeljak, Jožef Predan, Jože Flašker, 2010, original scientific article

Abstract: This paper reports the results of a series of biaxial static compression and torsion experiments performed to evaluate the effects of static compression stress on the fatigue life of those smooth tubes made of high strength spring steel. The fatigue life of biaxial loaded springs depends, among others, on biaxial compression and torsion loading. A high shear loading ratio leads to low-cycle fatigue behaviour rather than high-cycle fatigue, because it was found that a crack was initiated at a local highly deformed area on surface of the specimen.The experimentally obtained results show a significant extension of fatigue strain life as a result of combining axial compression loading with torsion. Cracking behaviour was observed and it was noted that compression pre-stresses contribute to retardation of the fatigue crack initiation process and, consequently, contribute to the extension of fatigue life.
Keywords: fatigue, fatigue life, micro crack, multi axial stress state, pre-stressing, torsion, torsion bar springs, twist angle
Published: 11.07.2017; Views: 389; Downloads: 70
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Fatigue crack initiation from microstructurally small Vickers indentations
Tomaž Vuherer, Andrej Godina, Zijah Burzić, Vladimir Gliha, 2007, original scientific article

Abstract: The resistivity of coarse grain steel against crack initiation in the presence of micro defects is discussed. Samples of material with martensitic microstructure were prepared by adequate thermal treatment. Microstructurally small Vickers indentations were used as an artificial micro defect. The compressive residual stresses are due to the irreversibility of plastic deformation. The moment of indenting enables to prepare samples with and without effects of residual stresses. The stress level for crack initiation depends on the actual indentation size. The location of initiated cracks is affected by the presence and character of residual stresses.
Keywords: welded joints, micro defect, coarse grain HAZ, crack initiation, crack growth, stress concentration, fatigue limit, Vickers, residual stresses
Published: 03.07.2017; Views: 558; Downloads: 81
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Fatigue crack growth and fracture mechanics analysis of a working roll surface layer material
Matej Drobne, Tomaž Vuherer, Ivan Samardžić, Srečko Glodež, 2014, original scientific article

Abstract: Fatigue crack growth and fracture mechanics analysis of a working roll surface layer material is presented in this paper. The research is done on a hot strip mill working roll where High Chromium Steel is used for roll’s shell material. To obtain corresponding parameters, a rectangular single edge notched bend specimens – SENB, according to standard BS 7448, were used. The fatigue crack growth analysis was done on a resonant testing machine with use of special crack gauges, while for fracture mechanics parameters the electro–mechanical testing machine was used.
Keywords: fracture mechanics, fatigue crack growth, metal forming, rolling process, high chromium steel
Published: 03.07.2017; Views: 447; Downloads: 76
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Fatigue properties of sintered DIN SINT-D30 powder metal before and after heat treatment
Marko Šori, Borivoj Šuštaršič, Srečko Glodež, 2014, original scientific article

Abstract: The main focus of this study was to determine how heat treatment affects the dynamic properties of sintered steel. All the specimens were made of the DIN SINT-D30 metal powder, but only half of them were additionally heat treated. Flat specimens were cold pressed and sintered. The second set was additionally heat treated to increase the strength. After the static mechanical properties were determined, the fatigue strength was investigated in a pulsating machine with a load ratio of R = 0. Wöhler curves were plotted and the parameters for determining the fatigue life (of' and b) were calculated.
Keywords: powder metallurgy, fatigue, S-N curve
Published: 16.03.2017; Views: 491; Downloads: 75
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Probability function of fatigue crack growth in case of material overloading
Nenad Gubeljak, Janko Legat, 1998, original scientific article

Abstract: Studies of structural components under a fatigue environment including overloads are rather interesting in engineering practice today. One important task is to determine the probability distribution function in consideration of two failure modes by a selected fatigue load and overload level. The probability density function permits to evaluate of overloading under fatigue environment on the residual life or to predict the failure of a component. The fatigue crack propagation in case of overloading can be modeled by the Markov's process. The obtained probability functions describe the probability of retarded crack growth propagation as a consequence of the overload cycle.
Keywords: utrujenostno širjenje razpoke, verjetnostna funkcija, Markov proces, fatigue crack propagation, probability function, Markov's process
Published: 10.07.2015; Views: 1003; Downloads: 28
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