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Private policing in the former Yugoslavia : a menace to society?
Ronald van Steden, Rick Sarre, 2010, review article

Abstract: Purpose: This paper aims to give an empirical overview of the ‘privatization’ of security (or, in a more narrow sense, policing) services within the former countries of the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia namely, Slovenia, Croatia, Serbia, Kosovo, Bosnia-Herzegovina, Macedonia and Montenegro. Observations are put in light of the extant literature on private policing worldwide. Design/Methods/Approach: The paper draws on a literature review of academic publications, NGO-reports and other relevant written sources. Findings: Although it is not possible to offer a full picture of the current developments in the region, we argue that the rise of private security markets shows significant variety throughout former Yugoslavian countries, as does the level of state regulation. Moreover, contrary to the views of doomsayers critical of the provision of commercial security, academics and observers alike are optimistic about private security personnel becoming a legitimate and stabilizing presence in post-conflict zones such as the Balkans. Research implications: The persistence of divergence in private policing trajectories within the former Yugoslavia underscores the need for more detailed cross-national studies that take account of differences, as well as similarities, in how commercial security industries are governed and regulated by state institutions. Practical implications: Public as well as private policy-makers in the field of security serve as appropriate anchor points to facilitate, direct and regulate private policing activities across the former Yugoslav republics. Originality/Value: The growing body of knowledge on private policing is heavily suffused by predominantly North American, Canadian, British and Australian studies. Nonetheless, research from countries outside the English speaking world has much to contribute to an understanding of private security industries. An examination of the Balkan countries that emerged from the breakup of Yugoslavia is particularly interesting when viewed as a post-conflict legacy.
Keywords: policing, private security, ex-Yugoslavia, cross-national comparison
Published in DKUM: 12.05.2020; Views: 1107; Downloads: 60
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Is there something as an ex-Yugoslavian HRM model? : sticking to the socialist heritage or converging with neoliberal practices
Nina Pološki Vokić, Andrej Kohont, Agneš Slavić, 2017, original scientific article

Abstract: The question of this paper is whether there is an ex-Yugoslavia HRM model drawing upon Western imported features fused with ethno open-socialistic and self-management elements? In the empirical part Cranet data for 341 companies from Croatia, Slovenia and Serbia are analysed. Main characteristics of HRM systems in ex-Yugoslavia are: the HRM strategic partner role is still neglected, the mind-set of taking care for everybody is omnipresent, the value of performance management is not fully entrusted, the full-time employment still predominates, and the trade unions retained their barging power. Although 30 indicators revealed specifics of ex-Yugoslavia HRM model, the theorized hybrid HRM system was not disclosed.
Keywords: human resource management (HRM), ex-Yugoslavia HRM model, CRANET data, Croatia, Serbia, Slovenia
Published in DKUM: 03.05.2018; Views: 1163; Downloads: 161
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Former Yugoslav countries in the Balkan context and differences in their economic development
Zoran Stiperski, Jelena Lončar, 2008, original scientific article

Abstract: In this article we will talk about the perception of Balkan, how the people who lives there and people from the West see it and how it become that Balkan have so negative connotations. Also we will present how the former Yugoslav countries, as once a part of Balkan, has the different economic growth which existed and still exist between those countries. We will try to explain why some of them economically gone very far and others are still falling behind.
Keywords: Balkan, former Yugoslavia, former Yugoslav countries, differences in development
Published in DKUM: 14.03.2018; Views: 971; Downloads: 101
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Blind alleys in variable type explanations of the downfall of the former Yugoslavia
Sergej Flere, 2002, original scientific article

Abstract: In this paper certain attractive explanations, present in sociological and other scholarship, on the dismemberment of Yugoslavia are considered, by reviewing them in light of certain thus far unpublished survey and census data on the former Yugoslavia, immediately preceding the dismemberment. Particularly one influential, but biased explanation of the dissolution of the former Yugoslavia is considered. Books by the sociologist Stjepan Meštrović merit particular attention in the depiction of bias towards the Yugoslav break-up. It is refuted that there was an in-depth incompatibility based on authoritarianism of any nationality, on emotional instability of any nationality, of ethnic stratification, of ethnic distance among the basic groups, which may explain the break-up. Instead, it is proposed that the break-up be explained by a maturation of nationalities, where the former Yugoslavia served as a nation-building institution, but for numerous nationalities.
Keywords: Yugoslavia, sociology, authoritarianism, dissolution, ethnic problems, cultural incompatibility
Published in DKUM: 12.10.2017; Views: 874; Downloads: 99
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Insectivores and rodents of the Central Dinaric Karts of Yugoslavia
Boris Kryštufek, 1988, original scientific article

Abstract: Twenty-nine species of insectivores and rodents are known to occur in Central Dalmatia, southwestern Bosnia and western Herzegovina: Erinaceus concolor, Sorex minutus, S. araneus, S. alpinus, Neomys fodiens, N. anomalus, Suncus etruscus, Crocidura suaveolens, C. leucodon, Talpa europaea, Clethrionomys glareolus, Dinaromys bogdanovi, Arvicola terrestris, Pitymys subterraneus, P. liechtensteini, Chionomys nivalis, Microtus arvalis, Nannospalax monticola, Apodemus mystacinus, A. flavicollis, A. sylvaticus, Rattus rattus, R. norvegicus, Mus domesticus, M. musculus, Glis glis, Elimys quercinus, Dryomys nitedula, and Muscardinus avellanarius. The distribution in the study area of each of these is discussed and mapped. Available ecological data are compiled and discussed. Zoogeographic relations are discussed. Special attention is paid to small mammal communities from karstic fields.
Keywords: sesalci, žužkojedi, glodalci, zoologija, Jugoslavija, Mammals, Rodents, Insectivores, zoology, Yugoslavia
Published in DKUM: 30.12.2015; Views: 1777; Downloads: 109
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The broken covenant of Tito's people : the problem of civil religion in Communist Yugoslavia
Sergej Flere, 2007, original scientific article

Abstract: The author attempts to demonstrate that the concept of civil religion is appropriate and illuminating in comprehending the culture and society of Communist Yugoslavia (1945-1991). Though manifestly contrary to theism, numerous elements of this civil religion make it deserving of the name: it contained a tale of an alleged sacred historical past and a transhistorical mission of the Yugoslav peoples, including an eschatology, and a sacred covenant. President Tito's charisma was the major element of this civil religion, the idea of a broken covenant was present, along with the rule of equalitarianism (particularly as a wealth taboo) at the ethical level. When Tito's physical presence disappeared, the entire civil religion was doomed (there was no possibility of routinizing and depersonalizing charisma), as well as the society it legitimated. Because of the charismatic nature of legitimation and the basically authoritarian nature of this cultural pattern, transformation into rational-legal legitimation was blocked.
Keywords: religion, politics, Yugoslavia, communism, charisma, broken covenant
Published in DKUM: 07.06.2012; Views: 1581; Downloads: 161
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