Language evolution from the cultural aspectAna Pejković
, 2011, undergraduate thesis
Abstract: Language is the primary force of human social life. It is the most important characteristic that separates humans from animals. The question of language evolution has not yet been completely answered, despite several theories dealing with this subject. In my graduation thesis I deal with language evolution from the cultural aspect.
First I present the process of evolution, focusing on cultural evolution – the transfer of cultural patterns in social community.
I deal with different language definitions, presented by Sverker Johansson, and the reasons for its evolution. The chapter on language definitions is completed by presenting the cradle of language, which is Africa.
When focusing on language evolution from the cultural aspect, it is necessary to present the theory of cultural transmission by Michael Tomasello. He believed that this is the only biological mechanism that could have caused changes in cognition and behaviour.
Finally, I present the question of inseparability of language and culture.
Keywords: evolution, language, gestures, culture, cultural transmission
Published: 27.02.2012; Views: 1044; Downloads: 73
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Evolutionary programming of CNC machinesMiha Kovačič
, Miran Brezočnik
, Ivo Pahole
, Jože Balič
, Borut Kecelj
, 2005, original scientific article
Abstract: The paper proposes a new concept for programming of CNC machines. The concept based on genetic algorithms assures evolutionary generation and optimization of NC programs on the basis of CAD models of manufacturing environment. The structure, undergoing simulated evolution, is the population of NC programs. The NC programs control the machine which performs simple elementary motions. During the evolution the machine movement becomes more and more complex and intelligent solutions emerge gradually as a result of the interaction between machine movements and manufacturing environment. The examples of evolutionary programming of CNC lathe and CNC milling machine tool for different complexities of the blanks and products are presented. The proposed concept showed a high degree of universality, efficiency, and reliability and it can be also simply adopted to other CNC machines.
Keywords: manufacturing systems, NC-programming, CNC lathes, simulated evolution, genetic algorithms
Published: 01.06.2012; Views: 1010; Downloads: 70
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Application of metamodel inference with large-scale metamodelsQichao Liu
, Jeffrey G. Gray
, Marjan Mernik
, Barrett Richard Bryant
, 2012, original scientific article
Keywords: model-driven engineering, reverse engineering, gramar inference, metamodel inference, model co-evolution, model transformation
Published: 01.06.2012; Views: 803; Downloads: 11
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Performance comparison of self-adaptive and adaptive differential evolution algorithmsJanez Brest
, Borko Bošković
, Sašo Greiner
, Viljem Žumer
, Mirjam Sepesy Maučec
, 2007, original scientific article
Abstract: Differential evolution (DE) has been shown to be a simple, yet powerful, evolutionary algorithm for global optimization. for many real problems. Adaptation, especially self-adaptation, has been found to be highly beneficial for adjusting control parameters, especially when done without any user interaction. This paper presents differential evolution algorithms, whichuse different adaptive or self-adaptive mechanisms applied to the control parameters. Detailed performance comparisons of these algorithms on the benchmark functions are outlined.
Keywords: differential evolution, control parameter, fitness function, optimization, self-adaption
Published: 01.06.2012; Views: 1320; Downloads: 57
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Economics of strategyDavid Besanko
, David Dranove
, Mark T. Shanley
, higher education textbook
Keywords: strategic planning, economics of the enterprise, strategy, development strategy, enterprise, boundary, holding companies, mergers, complexity, decision, decision making, transactions, costs, market, swap, industrial organization, evolution, partnership, companies, corporations, competition, pozitioning, advantage, sustainable development, international business, organizing, chains, internal entrepreneurship
Published: 01.06.2012; Views: 1714; Downloads: 38
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THEMES AND MOTIFS IN VICENZO NATALI'S MOVIE SPLICE (2009)Nenad Vranešević
, 2013, undergraduate thesis
Abstract: Vicenzo Natali’s movie Splice intertwines science fiction with real science and sends us a message of what are the possible consequences of misusing our knowledge we gain as we walk towards our future. This idea of what can happen when man plays god or uses science for his own devices, without the necessary morality and ethics, has been used and re-used many times. In my diploma paper I will explore the origins of the “Mad Scientist” theme and how Natali reworked the idea to fit it into the modern world. With it I will also show how deeply rooted and wide-spread this theme is, using other authors and works to illustrate my point. Additionally I will focus on another important theme in the movie, transformation. This theme has also been used many times before and has today transformed into many different variations; however, all of them still have the same foundations.
Keywords: Vicenzo Natali, Splice, mad scientist, Frankenstein, The Strange Case of Dr Jekyll and Mr Hyde, transformation, Dracula, evolution.
Published: 12.02.2013; Views: 1111; Downloads: 61
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