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1.
35th Bled eConference Digital Restructuring and Human (Re)action : June 26 – 29, 2022, Bled, Slovenia, Conference Proceedings
2022, proceedings

Abstract: The Bled eConference, organised by the University of Maribor, Faculty of Organizational Sciences, has been shaping electronic interaction since 1988. After 2 years COVID-19 pandemic, when the conference was held online, this year we met again in Bled, Slovenia. The theme of the 35th conference is "Digital Restructuring and Human (re)Action". During the pandemic, we experienced the important role of digital technologies in enabling people and enterprises to interact, collaborate, and find new opportunities and ways to overcome various challenges. The use of digital technologies in these times has accelerated the digital transformation of enterprises and societies. It will be important to leverage this momentum for further implementation and exploitation of digital technologies that will bring positive impacts and solutions for people, enterprises and societies. The need to achieve sustainability goals and sustainable development of society has increased. Digital technologies will continue to play an important role in achieving these goals. The papers in this conference proceedings address digital transformation of enterprises, digital wellness and health solutions, digital ethics challenges, artificial intelligence and data science solutions, new and digital business models, digital consumer behaviour and solutions, including the impact of social media, restructuring of work due to digital technologies, digital education challenges and examples, and solutions for smart sustainable cities.
Keywords: Digital transformation, digital business, digital technologijes, innovations, digitalization, sustainable development, smart and sustainable cities and societies, digital health and wellness, artificial intelligence and data science, digital ethics, digital education, restructured work, digital consumer, social media
Published in DKUM: 23.06.2022; Views: 28; Downloads: 0
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2.
Ethical discourses of Airbnb animal experiences
Lea Plahuta, 2021, master's thesis

Abstract: Animal tourism represents a large part of the tourist market. Due to its growth, the number of animals involved in tourism is also increasing, which often has a negative impact on their welfare and the preservation of the animal species. In response to the public concerns regarding the negative impacts on animal use in tourism and other areas, a number of ethical approaches have been discussed and developed. These have become the starting point for formulating the strategies, guidelines and policies of many tourism companies that use animals for tourism purposes. Among them is Airbnb, one of the leading tourism companies in the world, which in 2019, presented travel experiences that involve animals in various ways. In addition to the research of the animal experiences offered on the Airbnb online platform, the empirical part focused mainly on researching ethical discourses reflected in discussions of animal experience by both Airbnb and its animal experience providers, where we found out that both used different ethical discourses. Airbnb has represented a caring discourse based on the principle of ecofeminist approach and animal welfare discourse, the latter reflecting the involvement of a non-profit organization World Animal Protection in shaping its policies, which follow the framework of the five freedoms. The ethical discourses of the providers were also caring discourse and animal welfare discourse, with added utilitarian and ecocentric discourses. The only discourse that was not represented within the chosen ethical approaches is the animal rights discourse, which does not approve of any use of animals.
Keywords: tourism, animals, ethics, experiences
Published in DKUM: 29.11.2021; Views: 231; Downloads: 38
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3.
The right to cyborgization in Slovenia
Blaž Ivanc, 2019, original scientific article

Keywords: right to health, cyborg, legal regulation, personality, ethics, Slovenia
Published in DKUM: 15.01.2021; Views: 296; Downloads: 16
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4.
Impact of multiple sclerosis on infertility and impact of infertility treatments on multiple sclerosis relapses in Slovenia : medical outline, legal and ethical outcomes
Eda Vrtačnik-Bokal, Urban Vrtačnik, 2020, original scientific article

Abstract: Multiple sclerosis (MS) is an autoimmune inflammatory disorder of the central nervous system. It is common in the reproductive period and can lead to infertility and significant disability. The treatment on multiple sclerosis is recently more successful and enables better quality of life, therefore rising hope and desire for the future parents, also in terms of successful infertility treatments. In this context the couples should be managed concerning the detrimental effect of the disease itself on fertility, detrimental effect of the drugs used for treatment on gonads and in terms of the implementation of drugs used for ovarian stimulation and their impact on the basic disease (MS). Article finds solutions on the legal outcomes in situations where infertility treatments may negatively impact the progress of MS, as well as the solutions on how to (successfully) provide infertility treatments to the patients with MS. It proposes interdisciplinary approach between gynecologists and neurologists to perform required weighting of benefits and risks (burdens), deriving from specific action or treatment, whereas for the patients who shall not undergo infertility treatments due to their medical status, related to MS, it proposes storage of gametes under conditions, set by the law.
Keywords: multiple sclerosis, infertility, in vitro fertilization, MAR, ZZNPOB, ZPacP, medical ethics
Published in DKUM: 15.01.2021; Views: 238; Downloads: 25
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5.
General Guidelines for Academic Integrity
Loreta Tauginienė, Milan Ojsteršek, Tomáš Foltýnek, Franca Marino, Marco Consentino, Inga Gaižauskaitė, Irene Glendinning, Shiva Sivasubramaniam, Salim Razi, Laura Ribeiro, Tatjana Odiņeca, Oliver Trevisiol, 2018, scientific monograph

Abstract: These general guidelines serve as a supportive document for the glossary for academic integrity (sub-output 3G) that describes the definitions of terms related to academic integrity. They serve to help build common understandings of integrity issues in both academia and business. The guidelines outline minimum requirements and responsibilities of various stakeholders in academia. Many of the guidelines are necessarily general, but, where relevant, we provide country-specific examples as well as adjusting to meet to the needs of different fields of study/research. The general guidelines are addressed to a full range of stakeholders, including national ombudspersons, judicial authorities, compliance officers, research project managers and other related bodies or units in academia (such as policy units, educators/instructors, senior administrator/managers/coordinators) as well as students, the business sector and others.
Keywords: guidelines, academic integrity, academic writing, academic publishing, ethics, plagiarism, copyright, data fabrication, data falsification, cheating
Published in DKUM: 15.10.2019; Views: 1174; Downloads: 57
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6.
Glossary for Academic Integrity
Loreta Tauginienė, Inga Gaižauskaitė, Irene Glendinning, Július Kravjar, Milan Ojsteršek, Laura Ribeiro, Tatjana Odiņeca, Franca Marino, Marco Consentino, Shiva Sivasubramaniam, Tomáš Foltýnek, 2018, scientific terminological dictionary, encyclopaedia or topical lexicon

Abstract: This glossary serves as a basis to further common understanding on academic integrity through learning new terms and rediscovering old terms in new contexts. The need for this document derives from the variety of terms that are commonly used, but under different contexts. In this sense, we attempted to arrive at a common meaning. This glossary could be of value to national ombudspersons, judicial authorities, compliance officers, research project managers and other related bodies or units in academia as well as students, business sector and others.
Keywords: glossary, academic integrity, plagiarism, ethics, research, academic misconduct, academic writing, copyright
Published in DKUM: 13.10.2019; Views: 1496; Downloads: 41
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7.
Medicine between ethics and scientific progress : how much ethics needs medicine, how much ethics can it afford?
Joseph Straus, 2015, original scientific article

Abstract: The progress of medicine is heavily dependent on the progress of science and technology, which in turn depend on costly and risky investment in research and development. In this contribution, based on some concrete examples, new scientific achievements are presented as basis of modern medicine and source of ethical concerns. Addressed are also the role of scientists in coping with safety in ethical concerns as regards hazards of new technologies, costs of R&D investment in drug development and the role of patents in this context. In some detail the legal situation existing at an international and European level as regards exclusions from patentability based on reasons of ethics and morals is presented. A critical appraisal of the case law of the Court of Justice of the European Union as regards patentability of embryonic stem cells is offered.
Keywords: ethics, scientific progress, costs of R&D, role of patents, CJEU case law
Published in DKUM: 08.10.2018; Views: 430; Downloads: 49
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8.
Organizational culture in service sector : scientific monograph
Irena Gorenak, 2015, scientific monograph

Abstract: In every organization various modes of behaviour of the employees, their various activities, interpersonal relationships and customs can be observed. In some organizations the employees are all on first-namebasis, still in others they address themselves formally. In some organizations the employees use academic titles and surnames; still in others they call themselves by names, only. In some organizations each employee has its own office, whereas in others they are all use one office, which may be separated by improvised walls. In some organizations the employees celebrate personal holidays together, whereas in others they do not. In some organizations they pose each other obstacles and obstruct each other’s work, but in others no such misconduct can be detected. Differences may also be observed within one single organization. Differences are even greater and more noticeable in cases of organizations from other environments, neighbouring countries or even from other continents. In the business world the differences are present, they should be recognized, and the existing diversity should be tolerated; however, this is not enough; diversity should also be understood and made use of to the benefit of everybody. Significant behaviour of the group of people within an organization, or at its work, in a country or a state is described by the term of culture, which can simply be defined as: “This is the way we operate, act, aim at. This is the way we work …”. It is a question of the mode of behaviour of people within an organization, among themselves and towards others, of their customs and habits, and of all the characteristics of behaviour in an organization in a wider sense. Culture is an organizational factor, directly linked to all the other elements of the organization, its environment and every individual. Every activity, change or behaviour is reflected also on the culture and vice versa, every change of culture triggers the changes in every other area of organization. For this reason it is important to manage the culture, as this is beneficial for the organization as a whole and every individual, in particular.
Keywords: organization, organizational culture, values, communication, social responsibility, business ethics, service sector
Published in DKUM: 08.05.2018; Views: 965; Downloads: 67
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9.
Disturbing the balance - Woody Allen reads Dostoyevsky
Michał Bobrowski, 2011, original scientific article

Abstract: This paper discusses the polemic, intertextual correspondence which occurs between Woody Allen’s drama Crimes and Misdemeanors and Fyodor Dostoyevsky’s novel The Brothers Karamazov. Through a comparative analysis, the author reveals structural analogies between both works, but also fundamental ideological differences. Dostoyevky’s approach to the subject of the moral consequences of rejection of religious faith was that of a follower of the Orthodox faith. For Allen, a similar topic became the pretext for deliberations on man’s existential solitude.
Keywords: literature, film, intertextuality, Orthodox faith, Fjodor M. Dostoevsky, Brothers Karamazov, Woody Allen, Crimes and Misdemeanors, essays, ethics
Published in DKUM: 06.02.2018; Views: 594; Downloads: 292
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10.
Teaching ethics and critical thinking in contemporary schools
Bojan Borstner, Smiljana Gartner, 2014, original scientific article

Abstract: Basic ethical questions, dilemmas and especially decisions do not only affect the life of an individual but can also affect lives of others. In some professional ethics, where decisions about a person's life or death are made, decisions can even be irreversible. In this contribution three ways of deciding by highlighting critical, and reflective decision-making or systematic thought process as the most effective method in ethics have been pointed out. Therefore, taking ethics as a critically reflective morality highlights the fact that we can talk about ethical exploration, so ethics is a process of thinking, not a set of established answers that need only to be passively accepted. It could be concluded that the study of and practice in, evaluating arguments and evidence (moral decision making) via critical thinking as well as using other important skills (raising questions according to Blooms taxonomy and doing a lot of case studies) is the best way to achieve the most fundamental goal in teaching an ethical course -- becoming a better person. And is therefore something that should be in every curriculum.
Keywords: authority, critical thinking, ethics, teaching ethics, decision making, intuitions
Published in DKUM: 19.12.2017; Views: 552; Downloads: 81
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