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Enzyme-catalyzed reactions in different types of high-pressure enzymatic reactors
Mateja Primožič, Maja Leitgeb, Muzafera Paljevac, Željko Knez, 2006, original scientific article

Abstract: The enzyme-catalyzed hydrolysis of carboxy-methyl cellulose (CMC) was performed in three different types of reactors; in a batch stirred-tank reactor (BSTR) operating at atmospheric pressure, in a high-pressure batch stirred-tank reactor (HP BSTR) and in a high-pressure continuous tubular-membrane reactor (HP CTMR). In the high-pressure reactors aqueous SC C02 was used as the reaction medium. The aim of our research was optimization of the reaction parameters for reaction performance. All the reactions were catalyzed by cellulase from Humicola insolens. Glucose production in the high-pressure batch stirred-tank reactor was faster than in the BSTR at atmospheric pressure. The optimal temperature for the reaction performed in the BSTR at atmospheric pressure was 30°C, while the optimal temperature for the reaction performed in SC C02 was 32°C. The influence of the application of tubular ceramic membranes in the high-pressure reaction system was studied on the model reaction of CMC hydrolysis at atmospheric pressure and in SC C02. The reaction was catalyzed by cellulase from Humicola insolens covalently linked to the surface of the ceramic membrane. The hydrolysis of CMC in SC C02 and at atmospheric pressure was performed for a long time period. The reaction carried out in SC C02 was more productive than the reaction performed at atmospheric pressure.
Keywords: chemical processing, enzymatic reaction, cellulase, supercritical carbon dioxide, high-pressure batch reactor, high-pressure membrane reactor
Published: 31.05.2012; Views: 1278; Downloads: 207
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