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Experimental investigation review of biodiesel usage in bus diesel engine
Breda Kegl, Marko Kegl, 2017, original scientific article

Abstract: This paper assembles and analyses extensive experimental research work conducted for several years in relation to biodiesel usage in a MAN bus Diesel engine with M injection system. At first the most important properties of the actually used neat rapeseed biodiesel fuel and its blends with mineral diesel are discussed and compared to that of mineral diesel. Then the injection, fuel spray, and engine characteristics for various considered fuel blends are compared at various ambient conditions, with special emphasis on the influence of low temperature on fueling. Furthermore, for each tested fuel the optimal injection pump timing is determined. The obtained optimal injection pump timings for individual fuels are then used to determine and discuss the most important injection and combustion characteristics, engine performance, as well as the emission, economy, and tribology characteristics of the engine at all modes of emission test cycles test. The results show that for each tested fuel it is possible to find the optimized injection pump timing, which enables acceptable engine characteristics at all modes of the emission test cycles test.
Keywords: bus diesel engine, fuel injection, fuel spray, combustion, emission, engine performance, tribology characteristics, optimized injection pump timing
Published in DKUM: 07.07.2017; Views: 1573; Downloads: 405
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Optimization of a fuel injection system for diesel and biodiesel usage
Breda Kegl, Marko Kegl, Stanislav Pehan, 2008, original scientific article

Abstract: This paper presents an optimization procedure of a fuel injection system of a bus diesel engine. Attention is focused on the differences resulting from using two different types of fuel: diesel and biodiesel. The proposed design procedure relies on the assumption that the atomization of fuel spray influences the diesel engine performance, fuel consumption, and harmful emission significantly. As a measure of spray atomization, the Sauter mean diameter is employed and introduced into the objective function. The design problem is formulated in the form of a multiobjective optimization problem, taking into account the ESC 13 mode test for diesel engines of commercial vehicles. The design variables of the injection system are related to the shape of the cam profile, to the nozzle geometry, and to the control parameters influencing the injection quantity and timing. The geometrical properties of the cam profile and the injection parameters are kept within acceptable limits by the imposed constraints. The results of optimization using diesel and biodiesel are compared to each other to show the influence offuel type on final design and performance of the system.
Keywords: fuel injection system, diesel engine, biodiesel fuel, engine performance, numerical simulations
Published in DKUM: 31.05.2012; Views: 2480; Downloads: 90
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