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1.
An impedance study of two types of stainless steel in Ringer physiological solution containing complexing agents
Mojca Slemnik, Ingrid Milošev, 2006, original scientific article

Abstract: The effect of complexing agents EDTA and citric acid on the electrochemical behaviour of AISI 304 and orthopaedic stainless steels in Ringer physiological solution was investigated by potentiodynamic polarization method and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS). The content of Mo has a pronounced effect on the corrosion resistance, as evident by the broader passive range of the orthopaedic stainless steel containing Mo. The addition of complexing agents induces significant changes in polarization and impedance characteristics, i.e., the shift of corrosion and breakdown potentials in a more negative direction, an increase in current density, and a significant decrease in charge transfer resistance. The results were interpreted by the formation of soluble complexes of metal ions with chelating agents, especially EDTA, which suppressed the formation of the outer Fe(III) layer of the passive film. The impact of complexing agent on the electrochemical parameters was found to be related to its concentration in electrolyte and the stability constant of the complex formed with the related metal ion.
Keywords: resistance, corrosion resistance, stainless steel, orthopedy, potentiodynamic polarization emthod, electrochemical impedance spectroscopy
Published: 31.05.2012; Views: 952; Downloads: 53
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2.
Modelling and parameter comparison of equivalent circuits on the basis of impedance measurements of stainless steels
Mojca Slemnik, 2006, original scientific article

Abstract: In our former work [1] we have discussed the impedance of differently heat treated steels X20Cr13 in 0.1 M H2SO4, undergoing an active passive transition. Impedance spectra were interpreted in terms of a model by Armstrong [2, 3], describing the electrochemical reaction at interfaces with adsorbed intermediates. The present work was performed in order to study this phenomenon in more detail, with computer simulations of a new created and more convenient equivalent circuit in comparison with the former model. Computer simulations of equivalent circuits were also made in the region of passivity which was also continuation of our earlier work [4]. In this sense the entire study for these steels was completed by collating distinctive parameter values, demonstrating electrochemical characteristics of steel X20Cr13, undergoing different heat treatments in the active-passive and passive region.
Keywords: electrochemical impedance spectroscopy, equivalent circuits, stainless steel, heat treatment of steel
Published: 30.05.2012; Views: 1186; Downloads: 53
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3.
Electrochemical impedance studies of corrosion protected surfaces covered by epoxy polyamide coating systems
Saša Skale, Valter Doleček, Mojca Slemnik, 2008, original scientific article

Abstract: Electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) was used to study the corrosion behavior of different types of commercial quality epoxy polyamide dry coatingson mild steel, with thickness between 150 and 250 ▫$/mu$▫m, which were previously weather accelerated in a wet chamber. The following data were established on the basis of impedance curves and corresponding equivalent circuits: the coating capacity that relates to the coating dimension, the pore resistance that represents conductive paths through the pores, and Warburg coefficients, which are the measure of ion diffusion through the coating. EIS data were compared with a criterion in the European standard, and samples were classified on the basis of their quality, also receiving a final ranking by summing-up all the individual rankings. Suggestions have been made, namely that the use of anticorrosive active pigments is obsolete, when the thickness of the coatings exceeds 200 ▫$/mu$▫m.
Keywords: electrochemical impedance spectroscopy, metal-coatings, epoxy polyamide coatings, weathering, ISO 12944
Published: 31.05.2012; Views: 1487; Downloads: 70
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4.
Substitution of the constant phase element by Warburg impedance for protective coatings
Saša Skale, Valter Doleček, Mojca Slemnik, 2007, original scientific article

Abstract: This paper proposes an alternative model for fitting electrochemical impedance spectra of protective coatings. It describes broadening of the semicircle in the complex plane, in the absence of corrosion reactions. In addition the infinite Warburg impedance circuit element is represented, which bridges existing parallel elements of the plate capacitor and resistor of a classical equivalent electrical circuit. The Warburg impedance element is the result of the Fick's second law on partial differential equation solution. The proposed model and, for comparison the model with the CPE element, are used on our epoxy protective system to describe EIS measurements. The proposed model shows a better quality of fitting for our EIS data in comparison to the model with CPE.
Keywords: metal-coatings, electrochemical impedance spectroscopy, Nyquist charts, constant phase element, Warburg impedance
Published: 01.06.2012; Views: 1329; Downloads: 75
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5.
Electrochemical and surface analysis of 2-phenylimidazole adsorbed on copper from chloride solution
Matjaž Finšgar, Klodian Xhanari, 2018, original scientific article

Abstract: The electroanalytical and surface characterization of copper immersed in 3 wt.% NaCl solution containing 1 mM of 2-phenylimidazole (2PhI) is presented. It was proven that 2PhI can be employed as corrosion inhibitor for copper using various electrochemical analyses, such as cyclic voltammetry, chronopotentiometry, electrochemical impedance spectroscopy, and potentiodynamic curve measurements. The adsorption of 2PhI on copper was further analyzed by 3D-profilometry, attenuated total reflectance Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, contact angle measurements, and scanning electron microscopy equipped with an energy dispersive X-ray spectrometer. This system was therefore comprehensively described by various analytical approaches.
Keywords: corrosion inhibitor, copper, electrochemical impedance spectroscopy, EIS, cyclic voltammetry, attenuated total reflectance Fourier transform infrared, ATR-FTIR
Published: 17.01.2019; Views: 376; Downloads: 175
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