User-centred design for multiscreen e-health applications for elderly peopleEmilija Stojmenova
, 2013, doctoral dissertation
Abstract: This work identifies the weaknesses of the conventional UCD methods and presents a conceptual model for modifying standard UCD research procedures in such a way that they will be appropriate and supportive for the design and development of multiscreen e-health applications for elderly people. The suggested model would be used for adapting selected UCD methods for the targeted population and e-health applications’ usage contexts. A multiscreen e-health application named Med-Reminder was used in order to evaluate the modifications of the UCD methods and compare the efficiency of the modified UCD methods with the efficiency of the standard UCD methods. The user-centred design efficiency scale (UCD_ES) and heuristic observation were used to compare the efficiencies of the standard and modified UCD methods and to determine which UCD methods would be more appropriate when doing research with elderly people within the e-health domain.
Keywords: User-centred design, UCD methods, elderly people, e-health, multiscreen, Med-Reminder
Published: 09.07.2013; Views: 1474; Downloads: 136
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Educating teachers and multipliers for future work with the elderly and the role of motivational workshops for the elderly's future participation in ICT training coursesHelena Blažun
, Kaija Saranto
, Janez Vošner
, 2013, original scientific article
Abstract: To find potential connection between positive experiences from ICT training courses gained by teachers and multipliers and their ability to affect elderlypeopleʼs willingness to learn ICT skills and motivate them for future participation in ICT training courses through motivational workshops. The evaluation of the ICT training courses for teachers and multipliers and the motivational workshops for the elderly. The data obtained was quantitative andanalyzed using SPSS software. The authors found a significant correlation between the number of possibilities for discussion provided during the ICT training courses for teachers and multipliers and the opinion that, from an overall perspective, the course helped the participants to be more sensitized to intergenerational issues and so understand the elderly people better. Similarly, the authors found significant correlation between the number of discussion possibilities during the motivational workshops for elderly and thelevel of interest in participation in future ICT training courses. Individuals who work in a teaching/learning process with elderly people need to be properly trained to be able to transfer knowledge and motivation to the elderly. Motivational workshops for the elderly should focus on individualizedlearning methods which positively affect elderlyʼs future motivation to learn ICT skills.
Keywords: elderly people, teachers, multipliers, information and communication technology (ICT), willingness to learn, motivational workshops
Published: 10.07.2015; Views: 837; Downloads: 22
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Traffic safety of older drivers in various types of road intersectionsTomaž Tollazzi
, Marko Renčelj
, Vlasta Rodošek
, Borut Zalar
, 2010, review article
Abstract: In industrialized countries people over 50 years of age represent a rapidly growing part of population. Their lifestyle is also becoming more active, which means that the percentage of older drivers in the population of all drivers is also increasing. Many different studies have shown that elderly drivers are more frequently involved in specific types of accidents, especially at intersections.
In the past 15 years there was a trend of increasing popularity of roundabouts in Slovenia. Their introduction was generally supported by the arguments of increased traffic-flow capacity and traffic safety as well. The studies on which these arguments are based were performed with an “ideal” type of driver in mind; the one that fully understands new rules and reacts correctly in all situations that may occur at such intersections, where there are no light signals to guide them. An elderly person does not necessarily conform to that ideal and if the percentage of elderly drivers became significant, the premises of the above mentioned studies may not be correct anymore which in turn implies that their results could also be questioned.
The present study concentrated on the evaluation of traffic safety of elderly drivers, at various types of intersection, from their own perspective. Various statistical analyses of obtained data were performed. The most important finding was that we may claim, with high degree of probability, that the average person of the age of over 60 feels more unsafe at double-lane roundabouts than they would feel had the same intersection been equipped with traffic lights.
Elderly traffic participants will always cause more accidents or participate in them due to hazardous factors. Challenge, arising from many different studies and researches, is in studying what measures and solutions can reduce the risk for elderly participants.
Keywords: traffic safety, road intersections, roundabouts, elderly people
Published: 06.06.2017; Views: 457; Downloads: 170
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Health services utilization in older EuropeansAndrej Srakar
, Rok Hren
, Valentina Prevolnik Rupel
, 2016, original scientific article
Abstract: Background and Purpose: Chronic diseases and associated co-morbidities are highly prevalent among elderly and are associated with an increase in health services utilization which in turn raises health care expenditures throughout industrialized societies. However, health care utilization in elderly is still inadequately understood, particularly regarding the differences among European jurisdictions. In our article, we use dataset of Wave 5 of SHARE survey to study the utilization of health care in older Europeans in 15 European countries.
Design/Methodology/Approach: We investigate relationships between factors such as age, gender, income, education and health variables and the utilization of various types of health services. We apply regression modeling to study the determinants of health utilization (different socioeconomic and health variables) of older people.
Results: We show some significant differences between determinants of health utilization in terms of probability and frequency of usage. We also explore patterns between welfare regimes, taking Eastern European jurisdictions as a reference category. Finally, we show that in a simple causal model the provision of formal and/or informal homecare serves as a complement to utilization of health care services.
Conclusion: Results of our article are important for the management of health care facilities in terms of health care usage by older people, and can be of value to health care providers and policy makers in the field.
Keywords: health services, health care, services, utilization, users, elderly people, analysis, Europe
Published: 30.11.2017; Views: 270; Downloads: 60
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