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1.
Ekonomski učinki “Mini Schengena” na države zahodnega Balkana
Stefan Pasinechki, 2021, undergraduate thesis

Abstract: The concept of open borders between Western Balkan countries has gained a lot of traction in recent years. The idea gained traction after the leaders of Albania, North Macedonia, and Serbia agreed to begin implementing the "Mini Schengen" or "Open Balkans" plan, which includes opening the three nations' internal borders. In this thesis, we have analyzed the economic effects such a move will have on these three countries using already available data and studies done on Schengen Area countries. We used these studies and data to forecast the economy for the next few years if Albania, North Macedonia, and Serbia joined the Schengen or Mini Schengen in the years 2021-2025. We discovered that open borders would significantly benefit the economies, increase cooperation, and improve relations of these countries, as well as provide numerous economic opportunities for individuals and businesses.
Keywords: Albania, Serbia, North Macedonia, Western Balkans, Schengen, borders, economy
Published: 17.11.2021; Views: 25; Downloads: 6
.pdf Full text (874,13 KB)

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Competition authorities as the pillar of a competitive social market economy
Tatjana Jovanić, 2017, original scientific article

Abstract: The European economic model benefits from market forces as conditions for achieving goals of enterprises and consumers and economic efficiency is assured by necessary market infrastructure. Competition authorities are, without a doubt, one of the crucial pillars of the (social) market economy. The strength and impact of the competition rules is determined by their efficient implementation. The modest results to date of the competition policy in transitional economies militates in favor of an increase of the institutional capacity and require strengthening of the regulatory powers of public agencies in construction of an efficient economic system. Establishing a system of competitive markets through sectoral regulation, competition protection and state aid control at the national level requires a valid solution for a variety of legal, political and institutional conflicts. As the experience of the countries of South-East Europe has shown, many difficulties arising from the establishment of a functioning control system are procedural and relate to institutional building dilemmas. The purpose of this article is to shed light on the requirements the Republic of Serbia has to satisfy in accession negotiations, and in particular, those related to building an efficient system of state aid control.
Keywords: social market economy, competition protection, state aid, institution building, Serbia
Published: 15.01.2021; Views: 108; Downloads: 6
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4.
Competition authorities as the pillar of a competitive social market economy
Tatjana Jovanić, 2017, original scientific article

Abstract: The European economic model benefits from market forces as conditions for achieving goals of enterprises and consumers and economic efficiency is assured by necessary market infrastructure. Competition authorities are, without a doubt, one of the crucial pillars of the (social) market economy. The strength and impact of the competition rules is determined by their efficient implementation. The modest results to date of the competition policy in transitional economies militates in favor of an increase of the institutional capacity and require strengthening of the regulatory powers of public agencies in construction of an efficient economic system. Establishing a system of competitive markets through sectoral regulation, competition protection and state aid control at the national level requires a valid solution for a variety of legal, political and institutional conflicts. As the experience of the countries of South-East Europe has shown, many difficulties arising from the establishment of a functioning control system are procedural and relate to institutional building dilemmas. The purpose of this article is to shed light on the requirements the Republic of Serbia has to satisfy in accession negotiations, and in particular, those related to building an efficient system of state aid control.
Keywords: social market economy, competition protection, state aid, institution building, Serbia
Published: 02.08.2018; Views: 516; Downloads: 46
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5.
Gospodarska diplomacija in varnost v času krize
Dejan Romih, 2013, polemic, discussion, commentary

Keywords: economy, diplomacy, economic policy, international relations, crises, financial crisis, economic crises
Published: 01.08.2018; Views: 428; Downloads: 45
.pdf Full text (224,83 KB)

6.
Socio-economic and geographical factors of development
Goran Rajović, Jelisavka Bulatović, 2012, original scientific article

Abstract: The paper analyzes the socio-economic and geographic factors for Berane Andrijevice and Plava. The above urban settlements are located in the northeastern part of Montenegro. Isolated traffic and geographical position adversely affects the economic and social development of urban settlements. For the development of cities of greater importance are the geo-morphological and hydrological characteristics of the terrain, the climate and geology, which limits greatly compensates for modern construction techniques. Berane population increased in the period 1948-2003 to 26.81%, while in Andrijevica decreased by 42.48% and 12.43% of Plav. These data suggest to us most vividly, what are the demographic changes occurring in the region. Age groups, due to migration and decreasing birth rate changes and gets unfavorable features - reducing the proportion of younger and older increases the proportion of the population. In both cases, the disturbed age structure has a reverse effect on the movement of the population (the size of reproductive contingent), but also to all other structures of the population (the size of contingent employment, population, compulsory school contingent, contingent dependent population ratio).The main characteristic of modern urban development of cities provide processes of industrialization and urbanization. However, the economic crisis in Montenegro at the beginning of the nineties due to isolation, the economic and social strategy of circling and lack of long term economic development, stopped the social, economic, technical and technological development of urban settlement Berane, Andrijevica and Plav.
Keywords: Berane, Andrijevica, Plav, geographical location, natural features, population, economy, development
Published: 10.04.2018; Views: 452; Downloads: 63
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7.
Managers and leaders in organizations of a post-transition economy
Mojca Aniya Dežman, Roberto Biloslavo, 2009, original scientific article

Abstract: Managers and leaders are different figures within an organization but are also alike. During different stages of the organizational life cycle we sometimes need more manager-oriented people and at other times more leader-oriented people. However most of the time we need them both in order to achieve a balance within the organization. Slovenia is a post-transition economy, facing new challenges and opportunities therefore the need for leader-oriented people is expected to be huge. Nevertheless our research showed that in Slovenian profit and non-profit organizations, upper management positions have been occupied by manager-oriented people but at the same time a balance exists between the two roles. We also found out that managers and leaders perceive the success of their organisations in quite a similar way. An adapted Hickman's questionnaire together with a content analysis of subordinates' comments about how they perceive their organization was used to ascertain the differences between them and their superiors. By knowing how employees perceive their managers and how the latter perceive themselves and their organizations we can develop better approaches to management development in post-transition economies.
Keywords: manager, leader, post-transition economy, Slovenia
Published: 04.12.2017; Views: 526; Downloads: 244
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8.
Impact of terms-of-trade on Slovakia, the Czech Republic, and Croatia in the short run
Karol Szomolányi, Martin Lukáčik, Adriana Lukáčiková, 2017, original scientific article

Abstract: The terms-of-trade shocks are not main source of business cycles in three post-communist countries (i.e., Slovakia, the Czech Republic, and Croatia). The zero or negative reactions of the trade balance in terms-of-trade positive shocks in the countries exhibit the Obstfeld-Svensson-Razin effect, according to which the Harberger-Laursen-Metzler positive effect on terms-of-trade indicates that the smaller the trade balance, the more persistent the terms-of-trade shock is. The conclusions come from the structural vector autoregressive analysis of the cyclical components of terms-of-trade, trade balance, output, consumption, and investment in three post-communist countries.
Keywords: innovation, terms-of-trade, business cycle, Slovak economy, Czech economy, Croatian economy, trade balance
Published: 13.11.2017; Views: 1106; Downloads: 344
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9.
Economic growth and public indebtedness in the last four decades
Ricardo Ferraz, António Portugal Duarte, 2015, original scientific article

Abstract: Portugal is a member of the group known by investors as ‘PIIGS’, countries characterised by having high public debt and weak economic growth. Using an extended time horizon, 1974–2014, this study seeks to empirically explore the relationship between economic growth and public debt in the PIIGS economies, particularly in the case of Portugal. Based on the estimation of linear regression models, it was concluded that in the last four decades there has been a negative relationship between economic growth and public debt in both cases, which is consistent with the literature. The negative relationship was even more pronounced in the case of the PIIGS than it was in the case of Portugal.
Keywords: economy, economic growth, Portugal, ‘PIIGS’, public debt
Published: 13.11.2017; Views: 683; Downloads: 92
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10.
Economic effects of renewable energy technologies
Dario Maradin, Ljerka Cerović, Trina Mjeda, 2017, original scientific article

Abstract: Rapid economic development has resulted in the more frequent use of renewable energy technologies. On the other hand, the production and use of renewables fosters the development of new technologies, creating many new opportunities for entrepreneurial-minded individuals and, consequently, the economy in general. Renewable energy technologies have a multiplier effect in spurring the economy and the development of not only the energy sector but also all the supporting activities related to such industry. The purpose of this research is to analyse both the positive and the negative economic effects of investing in various renewable technologies, as well as to confirm, by means of the energy-economy model, the benefit of such technologies in boosting the economy.
Keywords: renewable energy sources, new technologies, boosting the economy
Published: 13.11.2017; Views: 818; Downloads: 318
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