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41.
Health resorts and their importance for the development of less developed areas in Slovenia
Uroš Horvat, 2010, review article

Abstract: In the paper is presenting the importance of health resorts for the development of less development areas in Slovenia. Health resorts are one of the oldest kinds of tourist resorts and started to develop in Slovenia already in 18th and in the beginning of 19t h centuries. The main reasons for the first tourists’ visits were connected with bathing in thermal waters, drinking of healing water, socializing of the higher social classes and entertainment. Later, the health resorts became centres of highly qualified medical rehabilitation based on the basis of using of natural remedies and modern medical treatments. The so called classical health resorts prevailed in Slovenia until the mid-1980s. The beginning of the 1990s marked an important turnabout in the development of health resorts in Slovenia. With the construction of modern swimming pools, some health resorts have started to use thermal water for fun and “experience”. The so called “thermal rivieras” or “thermal parks” have emerged with covered or open pools, which are open throughout the year. The reorientation to mass tourism based on recreation, healthy lifestyle, wellness etc., as well as spending of holidays in apartment accommodation have significantly increased the tourist visits in the so called recreation health resorts. These are usually located in less developed areas of the country, which means their importance is even greater for the employment of the inhabitants and the spatial and functional development of rural areas. In the case study author is orientated especially on the development of the health resorts in the Posotelje region (in NE Slovenia).
Keywords: economic geography, geography of tourism, health resorts, less developed areas, Slovenia
Published: 29.03.2018; Views: 218; Downloads: 39
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42.
Cardiorespiratory fitness in primary education pupils
Matea Gašparović, Vilko Petrić, Vesna Štemberger, Marija Rakovac, Iva Blažević, 2017, original scientific article

Abstract: The goal of this research was to determine cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) among primary school male and female pupils and its association with their anthropometric characteristics. The sample consisted of 112 boys and 136 girls, primary school pupils, aged 7 to 10. The Eurofit test battery was used to evaluate anthropometric characteristics (body height, body mass, body mass index (BMI)) and CRF (Beep test to estimate maximal oxygen uptake). The results indicate stagnation in the CRF with chronological age, in both sexes. A statistically significant association (p = 0.001) was shown for all CRF variables and anthropometric variables except for body height, which was not significantly associated with CRF. An increase in body mass and BMI was associated with a significant (p = 0.001) decrease in male and female pupils' CRF.
Keywords: health, primary school, maximal oxygen uptake, body height, body weight
Published: 23.04.2018; Views: 307; Downloads: 38
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43.
Determinants of subjective emotional well-being and self-determination of employees
Simona Šarotar Žižek, Matjaž Mulej, Borut Milfelner, 2017, original scientific article

Abstract: Work is a crucial part of human life. One should attain employees’ well-being (WB) to support organisational success. In the first phase, the confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) was employed to assess the dimensionality, reliability, and validity of the reflective latent constructs. In the second phase, structural equation modelling was performed to test the research hypotheses. By structural equation modelling we found that physical health (PH) statistically significant negatively affects subjective emotional well-being (SEWB). Positive PH and SEWB were negatively connected. Emotional intelligence (EI) has a statistically significant impact on SEWB. The last relationship in the model—between spiritual intelligence (SI) and self-determination (SD)—was negative, but statistically significant. Therefore, human resource management’s activities (HRM) must concentrate on optimal physical/mental health, emotional (EI) and spiritual (SI) intelligence. Employees’ good health supports their emotional WB. Their emotional balance, based on their EI, enhances their subjective emotional WB and SD. The employees’ SI affects their SD.
Keywords: subjective emotional well-being, selfdetermination, spiritual and emotional inteligence, physical health
Published: 03.05.2018; Views: 304; Downloads: 73
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44.
E-documentation and crossborder healthcare
Marta Sjeničić, 2015, original scientific article

Abstract: E-health is, in many European countries, one of the health care areas that are in the fastest development, due to the endeavor to apply modern information and communication technologies for the purpose of meeting the needs of citizens, patients, health professionals and the health policy creators. E-health potentials are virtually endless and can reach from the delivery of health information and health control over the internet, through on- line consultations, issuing of drugs through electronic devices, till robotised surgeries or care of elderly population. European Union works actively in this field through different conventions and directives related to the patients’ rights in cross-border healthcare, but also protection of individuals with regard to the processing of personal data. One of the most recent and important documents in this field was Working Document 01/2012 on epSOS (Article 29 Data Protection Working Party), which was enacted January, 2012, and which was the basis for so-called epSOS project that has been implemented from July 1, 2008 till June 31, 2014. The main objective of epSOS project is to shape, establish and evaluate the infrastructure of services which would enable the crossborder operability between the system of electronic health documentation in Europe. epSOS project aims to develop practical frame for e-health and information-communication infrastructure that would be basis for the safe access to the information on patients' health, in the different European health systems.
Keywords: electronic health documentation, electronic medical record, electronic health record, epSOS, national contact point
Published: 08.10.2018; Views: 134; Downloads: 22
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45.
Supervision of medical activities
Grega Strban, 2016, original scientific article

Abstract: It is investigated what kind of supervision could be exercised over medical activities in order to ensure the highest attainable quality of healthcare and access to medical services. To this end rights and especially duties of healthcare providers, definitions of sickness and effective healthcare provision, as well as various supervisory mechanisms and procedures for enforcing the rights, are analysed. It is argued that legal definitions of sickness and effective healthcare provision, stricter supervisory mechanisms and a single, legally regulated professional complaint procedure are required de lege ferenda.
Keywords: healthcare provision, sickness, mandatory health insurance, supervision, complaint proceedings, judicial review
Published: 08.10.2018; Views: 145; Downloads: 24
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46.
Inoculation of safety in healthcare
Bojan Dobovšek, Boštjan Slak, 2017, review article

Abstract: The purpose of this paper is to analyse - through a prism of informal institutions - the role and importance of security in healthcare and the manner in which healthcare sector copes with security threats in postmodern society. We note that bad informal institutions are differently reflected in Slovenia. In the forefront are the problems of systemic corruption, various forms of clientelism and nepotism. This is (in)directly reflected in the (lack of) quality of Slovenian healthcare system. Inadequate public procurement system and conflicts of interest in healthcare sector are causing inferior quality of the healthcare system, while informal institutions in politics and economics are weakening Slovenian economy, consequently affecting the funding of Slovenian healthcare system which is also undermined by the financial crisis. Additionally, globalisation, which has a (negative) impact on human health, has caused the importation of improper business practices into healthcare system. It is therefore necessary to develop a preventive action that will inoculate the idea of a safe country for the benefit of people and not for the benefit of bad informal networks.
Keywords: informal institutions, corruption, health systems, security
Published: 09.10.2018; Views: 179; Downloads: 28
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47.
Legal aspects of health implications caused by environmental distress
Rajko Knez, 2017, original scientific article

Abstract: The article tries to explore legal consequences in cases where the environmental distress causes health implications for individuals. The author begins with the observations from two different angles, that is ex ante and ex post actions. Both approaches differ substantively, since the ex ante approach is applied by state authorities (command-and-control approach, de iure imperii acts), while the ex post approach is by a general rule initiated by individuals against polluters/state. Both approaches are discussed considering the application of EU rules and beyond (ECHR, Aarhus convention). The main emphasis is given to one of the biggest problems, that is the issue of causality, which discourages many plaintiffs from claiming damages. For the so-called post-industrial risks the conventional rules of causality do not suffice, which is why certain courts proposed that changes in this respect are necessary. In addition, the role of NGOs is emphasised, since the NGO can, especially in the ex ante approach, achieve better effects, especially when locus standi is assured.
Keywords: environmental protection, healthy living environment, legal remedies in environmental law, ECHR Art. 8, ECHR Art. 2, command-and-control approach, claims for damages, health
Published: 09.10.2018; Views: 127; Downloads: 24
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48.
Monitoring of quality in health care using indicators
Mircha Poldrugovac, Tit Albreht, 2017, original scientific article

Abstract: A number of stakeholders identified the need to revise the national set of quality indicators. The objectives of monitoring quality indicators that were determined in 2010 for the most part were not accomplished. Key reasons include: insufficient communication between stakeholders after the indicator set was introduced, insufficient definition of human and financial resources necessary for indicators' monitoring, lack of a thorough ICT structure that could support indicators' monitoring and weak leadership for these activities. A new performance indicators' set requires a clear identification of the objectives to be pursued and consequently of the theoretical framework for the indicators. Mostly it is necessary in addition to the identification of the challenges so far, to also recognize what are the possibilities to strengthen this area in the future.
Keywords: quality, health care, health promotion, efficiency
Published: 09.10.2018; Views: 144; Downloads: 22
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49.
The Ebola epidemic and cholera outbreak and the international response
Richard B. Roberts, 2017, review article

Abstract: Infectious diseases are responsible for 15 million of the 57 million deaths worldwide despite the remarkable discoveries of antibiotics and vaccines. Many individuals succumb to microbial diseases in poor and less-developed countries where these preventive and therapeutic modalities are not available. Furthermore these less fortunate countries do not have the resources or public health infrastructure to combat unforeseen and explosive outbreaks. Two relatively recent outbreaks are reviewed in this article; the Ebola epidemic in West Africa and the cholera outbreak in Haiti. This outbreak of cholera, in a country of only 7.8 million inhabitants, is one of the largest ever recorded worldwide. Early intervention by international health organizations is critical to curtail and ultimately control infectious disease outbreaks and epidemics. This responsibility, especially for less-developed countries, lies in the hands of the United Nations and World Health Organization. Unfortunately, the international response from the UN and WHO was slow, cumbersome and poorly coordinated both in West Africa and Haiti.
Keywords: Ebola, cholera, international response, United Nations, World Health Organization
Published: 09.10.2018; Views: 294; Downloads: 21
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50.
An overview of medical malpractice law in the United States including legislative and the health care industry's responses to increased claims
Thomas Allan Heller, 2017, review article

Abstract: Medical Malpractice claims are frequently asserted in the United States. At various time and places, an extraordinarily high number of claims and payouts led to what some have called medical malpractice crises. Consequently, in some geographical locations physicians either could not purchase malpractice insurance as carriers withdrew from the market, or, insurance became increasingly expensive and the overall costs associated with the delivery of health care continued to rise. Other undesirable consequences of these crises included a shortage of qualified physicians in certain parts of the country. Many of the states responded to these problems legislatively through a long series of tort reform measures. The health care industry itself has evolved in numerous ways. In particular, many health care providers have turned away from traditional private insurance models to self-insured models such as captives. Further, the industry has continued to consolidate, with fewer, but larger hospitals and clinics, and with an increasing number of physicians employed directly by hospitals and large clinics. The results of all of these changes have had mixed results.
Keywords: medical malpractice, defensive medicine, medical malpractice crises, tort reform, consolidation of health care industry, group captives
Published: 09.10.2018; Views: 258; Downloads: 24
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