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Industrial tourism as a chance for the diversification of the tourism of the Pécs-Mecsek region
Réka Pintér, János Csapó, 2016, original scientific article

Abstract: The present article intends to reveal the industrial tourism potential of the Pécs-Mecsek region in Hungary where we believe there is an adequate potential of the present industrial heritage but only a limited or rather poor utilisation is realised in the research area in this respect. The possible utilisation of the industrial heritage would be useful since the area is facing a stagnating tourism industry and position losses in the latter period so the authors believe that the chance for the renewal of tourism product development could also be provided by the industrial heritage tourism in the analysed region.
Keywords: industrial heritage, Pécs-Mecsek, tourism diversification, thematic route, product innovation, culture, functional change
Published in DKUM: 17.04.2018; Views: 778; Downloads: 99
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Organic farming: a solution to agriculture crisis or a "new" trend to healthy eating? : an overview of French and British farmers
Annabelle Boulay, 2010, review article

Abstract: In recent years, the market for organic farming has significantly increased in response to concerns over food quality and environmental matters. Organic food is quite attractive for consumers and is often associated to quality, healthy and natural products in opposition to the more processed and artificial conventional food. Yet, farmers are less enthusiastic about this concept. This paper, issued from a survey with dairy farmers in two dairy areas in France (January 2000) and the UK (July 2002), review farmers attitude towards organic farming. Only a minority of farmers were in favour of organic farming while the others had concerns about organic farming as its concept goes against their belief: a farmer must produce food for the nation.
Keywords: farm diversification, pluriactivity, organic agriculture, dairying
Published in DKUM: 29.03.2018; Views: 720; Downloads: 67
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Agricultural households in mountain areas in pre- and post-accession Slovenia
Štefan Bojnec, Kristina Knific, 2010, review article

Abstract: This paper analyses structural changes in agriculture and agricultural households in the mountainous areas of the Gorenjska region in Slovenia. The focus is on agricultural multifunctional roles, agricultural and agricultural households’ structural changes pre- and post-accession of Slovenia to the European Union (EU) on the basis of datasets obtained by two in-depth surveys from 2001 and 2007. The analyses confirm adjustments of farm households to the use of subsidies and new regulations, and diversification of agricultural households’ incomes. Short-term and long-term strategies of farm households vary depending on farms’ natural factor endowments for agriculture, farm size and structures of farm households, availability of agricultural land and their rental values, diversification of incomes with self-employment and employment outside the farm household.
Keywords: mountainous areas, agricultural structures, income diversification, household strategies, multifunctional development, Gorenjska, Slovenia, European Union
Published in DKUM: 29.03.2018; Views: 553; Downloads: 73
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New trends of development of beer industry in Lithuania : diversification and social responsibility
Vladislavas Petraškevičius, Zlatko Nedelko, 2017, original scientific article

Abstract: The main purpose of this article is to outline the current challenges of beer industry in Lithuania and provide suggestions for future development of organizations in this industry, by focusing on diversification strategy and social responsibility. The main challenges of Lithuanian beer industry are related to finding ways of future development in a constantly contracting market, as well as to find a competitive strategy of market penetration. In connection of these challenges, product differentiation creates new benefits for the consumers. However this strategy proves itself not being sufficient to reach the desired goals. Diversification of portfolio, being more risky, gives opportunity to target new customer groups and increase market presence. However, both strategies are less effective without changing the culture of drinking and consumer perceptions of beer. These issues will be addressed through the lenses of social responsibility, by emphasizing the promotion of responsible alcohol consumption and responsible behaviour of beer industry. As a result, the customers have to be ready to pay higher price for new products and develop a more responsible culture of beer consumption. To overcome outlined challenges, organizations in Lithuanian beer industry, must rethink their existing strategies and operations. Based on proposed future directions, the paper provides suggestions for business practices, how to implement differentiation strategy and actions in order to increase the level of social responsibility of various stakeholders.
Keywords: beer industry, Lithuania, differentiation, diversification, social responsibility, beer consumption, responsible drinking, entrepreneurship, development
Published in DKUM: 09.08.2017; Views: 685; Downloads: 142
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Strategic asset allocation for institutional portfolios with private equity
Manuel Wedra, 2017, undergraduate thesis

Abstract: It is possible to participate in the PE industry in different ways. Direct investment, co-investments, alongside specialized investors, indirect investments through limited partnership, and indirect investments through fund of funds. Big institutional investors usually make direct investments. For this approach to PE it is required to invest in a fund management team, which has an intensive relationship and due diligence skills to select the appropriate PE investments. For medium or small size investors, who do not have such high amount to invest, direct investment might not be achievable and it is recommended to invest in funds. Investing in PE funds also gives a higher level of diversification, and is managed by a specialized fund management team. From a PE backed company perspective, fund managers do not only provide capital, but also offer management support, take an active role, where they contribute their skills, network, and experience. Besides the opportunity to get exposure to unlisted PE funds with Limited Partnership, it is also possible to invest in exchange-traded PE companies or LPE. These PE investments are done either directly, indirectly or through the capital of their customers. Investments are conducted in the same way as Limited Partnerships, through various investment horizons (venture, buyout and growth) and financing styles (equity, mezzanine and debt). These exchange-traded PE companies offer the investor an immediate, liquid exposure to the PE investment class. The problem with investing in unlisted PE funds is the minimum required capital to participate in the PE investment class, which is usually too high for smaller or individual investors. It is also difficult to determine the price, which is determined on a illiquid and not transparent secondary market. While the LPE is traded on an organized exchange market, that is liquid, has transparent market prices available and the possibility to get access to the investment class even for smaller institutional or individual investors with a minimum initial investment volume. Another advantage is the capability to rebalance their PE allocation in a flexible way. From analytic perspective it is also much easier to compare LPE to other public traded asset classes using common standard analysing tools. In the analysis with the efficient frontier the portfolios with the additional asset class PE has a clear improvement of the risk, and return characteristics. Over the standard deviation range from 3.28% to 11.90%, the average improvement in return in the optimization framework is 0.48%. For big institutional, smaller or even individual investors, the LPE gives a liquid, transparent and immediate exposure to PE. In the environment of low interest rate, the PE mode is working well. If these kind conditions will continue in 2017, the asset class will continue to contribute a high absolute return and portfolio diversification.
Keywords: Private Equity, diversification, institutional and individual investors, strategic asset allocation.
Published in DKUM: 26.05.2017; Views: 881; Downloads: 64
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