Preparation of enantiomers using high pressure technologiesPaul Thorey
, 2010, dissertation
Abstract: The study of two different methods of obtaining chiral alcohols is proposed herein.
The requirement of the relatively new paradigm of green chemistry associated with clean
technologies such as biocatalysis or non-conventional solvents, dense gases, was
focused at. Indeed, the two methods of production of chiral alcohols were:
- the conversion of acetophenone into (R)-1-phenylethanol in dense gases
catalysed by Lactobacillus brevis alcohol dehydrogenase and its
- the resolution of (±)-trans-1,2-cyclohexanediol by cocrystal formation with
tartaric acid followed by supercritical extraction.
In both cases high enantiopurities were achieved (ee>99%).
Keywords: High-pressure technologies, enantiomers, green chemistry, R-1-phenylethanol, Lactobacillus brevis, alcohol dehydrogenase, NADP, liquid propane, enzyme deactivation, resolution, trans-1, 2-cyclohexanediol, tartaric acid, cocrystal, supercritical carbon dioxide, extraction, X-ray diffraction, differential scanning calorimetry
Published: 02.02.2011; Views: 2068; Downloads: 66
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Subsolidus phase equilibria and the Li[sub]5Nd[sub]4FeO[sub]10 phase in the Li[sub]2O-Nd[sub]2O[sub]3-Fe[sub]2O[sub]3 systemIrena Ban
, Mihael Drofenik
, Danilo Suvorov
, Darko Makovec
, 2005, original scientific article
Abstract: A survey of the subsolidus phase equilibria in the system Li2O-Nd2O3-Fe2O3 wasmade at subsolidus temperatures in the range 1000-1050 °C. A ternary phase was identified. The phase is centered on Li5Nd4FeO10, with a cubic lattice a =11.9494 A. The compound melts incongruently at 1105 °C. The magnetic susceptibility was measured in the temperature range 4-300 K. The compound is paramagnetic in the temperature range 150-300 K and follows the Curie-Weiss law. At about TN = 10 K, a long-range magnetic ordering is observed.
Keywords: lithium ferrites, differential scanning calorimetry, thermogravimetric analysis, X-ray diffraction, magnetic properties, phase equilibrium
Published: 01.06.2012; Views: 1227; Downloads: 16
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DSC/TG of Al-based alloyed powders for p/m applicationsBorivoj Šuštaršič
, Jože Medved
, Srečko Glodež
, Marko Šori
, Albert Korošec
, 2014, original scientific article
Abstract: Al-based alloyed powders, appropriate for the sintering procedure (powder metallurgy, P/M) contain the alloying elements with a high solid solubility in Al, enabling reaction and liquid-phase sintering. They are surface oxidised because of a high affinity of Al to oxygen. Besides, this type of powders contains a polymeric lubricant (wax), which reduces the friction on die walls during automatic die compaction into the final compact shape of a product. This lubricant has to be removed slowly during the first stage of sintering in order to prevent deformations and cracking of the product. Consequently, its sintering is very complex. Generally, these powders are sintered in pure nitrogen with a low dew point. The optimum sintering conditions are generally determined on the basis of light and scanning electron microscopy. The investigation can also be completed very successively with differential scanning calorimetry and thermo gravimetry. The first one allows an insight into the endo- and exothermic reactions, taking place during the heating and cooling of a compacted metal powder, and the second one allows an insight into the processes, connected with the mass loss (a reduction, a lubricant removal, etc.) or mass increase (an oxidation). The DSC/TG of three commercial Al-based alloyed powders was performed in the frame of our investigations. The results were compared with the theoretical thermodynamic-based calculations and the optimum sintering conditions were proposed.
Keywords: aluminium powders, sintering, differential scanning calorimetry and thermo gravimetry
Published: 15.03.2017; Views: 352; Downloads: 32
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The characterization of phase transformations in rapidly solidified Al-Fe and Cu-Fe alloys through measurements of the electrical resistance and DSCMilan Bizjak
, Ladislav Kosec
, Borut Kosec
, Ivan Anžel
, 2006, original scientific article
Abstract: For the characterization of the phase transformations in the alloys during the heat treatment the various methods of the thermal analyses are available. Thermogravimetry, differential thermal analysis (DTA) and the differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) are the most frequently used methods. The phase transformations proceed in two stages, i.e. nucleation and the growth of the new phase. Both processes are closely linked with the movement of the atoms. Rapidly solidified alloys often contain the elements with the low diffusivity. During the transition from the unstable to the stable state the energy changes are small, therefore the characterization of the changes by DTA, DSC is very difficult and could not be measured. During the heat treatment the phase transformations of the rapidly solidified alloys of Al-Fe and Cu-Fe were successfully detected by the simultaneous measurements of the electrical resistance, and were compared by the DSC method. By determination of the temperature regions of the phase transitions or temperatures, where the dynamics of the changes is maximal, the samples were heat treated and analysed by the scanning and transmission electron microscopy respectively.
Keywords: rapidly solidified Al-Fe alloy, rapidly solidified Cu-Fe alloy, transformations, electrical resistance, differential scanning calorimetry
Published: 03.07.2017; Views: 1099; Downloads: 46
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