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11.
12.
Product development through multi-criteria analysis
Tomaž Kostanjevec, Andrej Polajnar, Andrej Sarjaš, 2008, original scientific article

Abstract: The trend regarding the development of sanitary fittings is forecasted by the use of a developed model of multi-criteria analysis. In this analysis a multi-dimensional space is used, which enables the establishment of a time argument in comparison to product parameters. The establishment of product parameters is achieved by means of internal company information and market needs. In this way it is possible to establish an innovative environment for the development of new products. This paper indicates various ways of dealing with product development, on the basis of which the method of multi-criteria analysis for establishing future trends in product development is acquired.
Keywords: sanitary fittings, product development, multi criteria analysis, multi-dimensional space
Published: 31.05.2012; Views: 1396; Downloads: 30
URL Link to full text

13.
Cross-border region Graz-Maribor: challenges and potentials of integration processes
Kaja Pogačar, Metka Sitar, 2009, published scientific conference contribution

Abstract: The paper outlines the spatial development of the cross-border region between the two cities - Graz (Austria) and Maribor (Slovenia) - with regard to the integration processes in the past, present and future. First, the analyses of the past, when both parts of the region shared the national border, will be discussed. It will emphasize the consequences of the ćborder effectć, which are mostly characterised by growing intensification of urbanization alongside the main transport axis, the emergence of new 'urban nods', and the gradual urban sprawl in the hinterland. For decades, the area has been generating various integration processes of economic, social and cultural collaboration, which were in most cases partly financed by the European Union (EU). In 2004, after Slovenia joined the EU, some traditional relationships started to perform in the opposite way, demonstrating the gradually diminishing rate of commuter flows, especially those of shopping tourism. However, the current regional development is characterised by strong efforts for balancing the economic, social and cultural standards on both sides of the cross-border region. The paper aims to identify these new dynamics of intraregional interactions as potentials for future developments.
Keywords: spatial development, cross-border regions, border regions, new urban nodes, case study, Graz, Maribor
Published: 31.05.2012; Views: 927; Downloads: 17
URL Link to full text

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Analysis of product development on large-scale production with multi-criteria approach
Tomaž Kostanjevec, Jože Balič, Matej Rajh, 2009, original scientific article

Abstract: The multi-criteria (MC) method is applied to the development of a large-scale product in the case of mid-price range washing machines using MC approach. The concept represents the method for developing a new product in the production process. The development of a large-scale product on the basis of MC analysis provides more accurate forecasting of the most important parameters in the centrefold of a multidimensional (MD) character in the way of customer demands, and important production and development restrictions areset in this MD environment with aid of MC analysis. The production parameters are identified and through this, there is a possibility of reducing production costs. A forecasting method of production demands as possible result is powerful tool for achieving strategically and concurrent advantage.
Keywords: product development, multi-criteria analysis, forecasting, washing machines
Published: 31.05.2012; Views: 1207; Downloads: 27
URL Link to full text

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Public lighting in the communicative urban context
Melita Rozman Cafuta, 2010, review article

Abstract: The article explores holistic approach of understanding the importance of lighted urban environment. The city at night is quite diff erent from the city during the daytime. In the evening, att ention is focused on the eff ect of the light; during the daytime it is the support structure that plays a partin determining the public appearance. The requirements for the successful lighting are: visibility of objects that ensure safety and orientation, recognition of traffi c situation, the ability to create comfort and well being, limited or shielded light brightness, and suitable color of the light to the surrounding and visible role in social interaction. Considering all demands a city has an att ractive and inviting appearance, even after dark. The lighting creates a pleasant atmosphere, but should not dominate. On the other side, even qualitative created artifi cial light has some negative environment burden usually called light pollution. The article presents some possibilities to achieve the balance between realization of positive lighting aspects and improvement of negative illumination eff ects.
Keywords: public lightning, urban development
Published: 31.05.2012; Views: 850; Downloads: 17
URL Link to full text

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Intelligent decision support system for ergonomic product design
Jasmin Kaljun, Milenko Obad, Bojan Dolšak, 2011, review article

Abstract: In general, computer tools for ergonomic CAD do not assist designer with higher level advice when performing ergonomic design. Designer has to possess expert knowledge and experience in many fields of engineering design including ergonomics in order to deliver successful designs. Such multi-levelexperts are rare and usually occupied. Two alternative ways are used to substitute these experts: teams of experts covering different areas of knowledge are established or some intelligent computer programs with expert knowledge are applied. In the second case, expert knowledge has to be collected, organized and encoded into the knowledge base of the system. An intelligent decision support system has been developed in order to overcome this bottleneck. This paper presents a knowledge base, containing ergonomic design knowledge specific for hand tools design. A pneumatic hammer handle design is used as a case study to show how ergonomic design knowledge built in the system is used to improve the ergonomic value of the product.
Keywords: ergonomics, hand tools, knowledge acquisition, product development
Published: 01.06.2012; Views: 1189; Downloads: 22
URL Link to full text

20.
How to compare companies on relevant dimensions of sustainability
Damjan Krajnc, Peter Glavič, 2005, original scientific article

Abstract: Dozens of frameworks of sustainability assessment that focus on the performance of companies have been suggested by now. They propose using numerous sustainability indicators, which are generally measured in very different units. While it is important to assess sustainability with several indicators, it may sometimes be difficult to make comparisons among companies based on a large number of performance measurements. This paper presents a model for designing a composite sustainable development index that depicts performance of companies along all the three dimensions of sustainability-economic, environmental, and societal. In the first part of thepaper, the procedure of calculating the index that would enable comparisonsof companies in specific sector regarding sustainability performance is presented. However, the emphasis of the paper is on the second part, where the effectiveness of the proposed model is illustrated with a casestudy in which two companies from specific sector are compared regarding their sustainability performance.
Keywords: chemical industries, sustainable development, sustainability indicators, composed index, sustainability assessment
Published: 01.06.2012; Views: 1401; Downloads: 71
URL Link to full text

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