Analysis of Selected Aspects of Entrepreneurship Support on the Level of European UnionMartina Repnik
, 2021, master's thesis
Abstract: Entrepreneurial activity contributes various benefits to a country, one of the most impactful gains being the growth of GDP. Because of that, it is important for policymakers to put in place policies, which encourage and foster entrepreneurial activity- both on a national as well as international level. On an international level, the EU plays a major role in supporting entrepreneurial activity in Europe. For that purpose, the EU institutions are enforcing entrepreneurship-related policies and are establishing programs and funds, which benefit European enterprises. Special emphasis is placed on supporting the entrepreneurial activities of small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs), which are the backbone of the economy. SMEs represent more than 99% of all enterprises in a country, and they create two out of three jobs. Because of their importance, the EU strives to provide a suitable environment and support for them to grow and exist in the long run. EU member countries exploit the offered support to different extents, which means that the EU support affects European companies and member countries in different ways. In this thesis, we explored the role of the EU in connection to entrepreneurial support and activity.
Based on our research, we found very noticeable differences between more and less developed EU countries in terms of the amount of exploited EU support. We discovered that most of the time, more developed EU countries tend to exploit EU entrepreneurial support to a bigger extent, than less developed countries do. That is because less developed countries often lack the ability to set up suitable programs that could qualify for EU funding. We also discovered that less developed countries tend to have higher levels of early-stage entrepreneurial activity than more developed countries do. We have found that this is because citizens in these countries often create their businesses out of necessity, not so much because they perceived a good business opportunity. In less developed countries, where the economical state of the country is less stable and there is a lack of available job offers, citizens are pushed to entrepreneurship out of necessity in order to survive. Related to that, we also discovered that less developed countries dedicate more of their EU funds to SMEs than more developed countries do. But as they lack the proper entrepreneurial ecosystem, these enterprises often fail. Because of that, as it most often occurs out of necessity, high levels of entrepreneurial activity in a less developed country do not quite indicate a well-established national entrepreneurial system. Finally, based on all the data we collected and analyzed in this thesis we have found that entrepreneurial support offered by the EU has been increasing over the years. That is because in the last decades there has been a big increase in the number of programs and funds being established, which focus specifically on SMEs. The same can be seen with the number of entrepreneurial policies being enforced by the EU, as entrepreneurship became one of the main EU priorities.
Keywords: entrepreneurial support, entrepreneurship activity, EU funding, access to finance, economic development
Published: 23.12.2021; Views: 48; Downloads: 11
Full text (2,33 MB)
Entrepreneurship in a New RealityMiroslav Rebernik
Abstract: Entrepreneurship is the strongest driver of economic growth and development and has a very large impact on overall social development. The Global Entrepreneurship Monitor (GEM) has a history of 22 years of entrepreneurship research, with a special focus on the earliest stages, when business opportunities are perceived and individuals decide whether to engage in entrepreneurship. Their direct living environment, especially the prevailing cultural values, the company's tendency to entrepreneurship and the orderliness of the business environment, have a great influence on the involvement of individuals in entrepreneurial activities. Accordingly, the conceptual framework of GEM is set, which enables the treatment of individuals and their attitude towards entrepreneurship, perception of entrepreneurship and involvement in the establishment and / or ownership and management of a company. With its help, we can therefore gain a deeper insight into national entrepreneurship and its characteristics and a more complete picture than can be provided by various statistical sources based solely on data obtained from existing companies.
Keywords: global entrepreneurial monitor, entrepreneurship, total early entrepreneurial activity, economic development, entrepreneurial ecosystem
Published: 18.05.2021; Views: 248; Downloads: 6
Link to file
Strategy of the University of Maribor
Abstract: The strategy of the University of Maribor pursues an inclusive, innovative and integrated higher education area that will train active, critically-thinking and responsible citizens, guarantee the quality of education and research, academic integrity, and cultivate concern for sustainable development of society. It stresses the importance of the freedom of research and institutional autonomy, development of lifelong learning, digitalisation and green infrastructure. It follows the orientations of the Rome Ministerial Communiqué of 2020 on the development of higher education in Europe, the Magna Charta Universitatum 2020 principles and the national strategic documents on higher education.
Keywords: organization and connectivity, education, scientific research and art, stimulating working environment, students, internationalisation, development through quality system, involvement in local environment, spatial development, IT support
Published: 14.04.2021; Views: 178; Downloads: 18
Link to file
Reviewing the narrative concerning the impact of population growth in AfricaCocou Marius Mensah
, 2019, original scientific article
Abstract: This article discusses the topic of population growth in Africa, a recurring theme in the era of climate change and the fight against CO2 emissions. The African continent is full of essential raw materials and encompasses the youngest population in the world. There is no doubt concerning the significant role it will play in global affairs, at a time when the world population is ageing, according to the UN statistics. In recent years, many policymakers have highlighted the necessity to deal with overpopulation, provoking moral controversial and basic human rights abuses. This article, however, proposes an opposite argumentation based on fresh data and emphasises the opportunities and challenges to take on, as the author considers "overpopulation" as more of a challenge than a sentence to underdevelopment. Though the paper mentions different issues linked to overpopulation, such as migration crisis, ecological sustainability and the UN Sustainable Development Goals, it concludes with a reminder of the importance of international cooperation as a solution to global issues.
Keywords: global issues, impact of population growth, migration trends, international cooperation, pollution, African Union, European Union, UN sustainable development goals, environmental footprint
Published: 15.01.2021; Views: 154; Downloads: 5
Link to file
Kompetence vodje pasjega hotelaKatja Podgoršek
, 2020, master's thesis
Abstract: Živimo v negotovih časih, spremembe so stalnica v današnjem vsakdanu, zato so ustrezno kompetentni in motivirani zaposleni, ki znajo uporabljati svoja znanja, veščine in kompetence tudi v nepredvidljivih okoliščinah, nuja za obstoj in preživetje organizacij na trgu. V magistrskem delu govorimo o kompetencah, ki smo jih opredelili kot posamezna znanja, lastnosti in sposobnosti posameznika, ki jih le ta potrebuje za uspešno opravljanje dela na svojem delovnem mestu. Na primeru organizacije, ki se je odločila za razvoj profila kompetenc vodje, smo prikazali oblikovanje kompetenčnega profila za delovno mesto vodje pasjega hotela. S ciljem sistematičnega razvoja kompetenc in izboljšanja produktivnost smo organizaciji dali orodje za lažje prilagajanje spremembam ter še večjega zadovoljstva in zaupanja strank. Hkrati smo oblikovali primer dobre prakse na področju, ki je še dokaj neraziskano. Za oblikovanje kompetenčnega profila smo uporabili kvalitativno metodo in sicer smo v prvem koraku najprej dodobra spoznali in analizirali dotično delovno mesto ter s pomočjo pridobljenih podatkov oblikovali šest ključnih kompetenc za izbrano delovno mesto. Sledila je analiza 360 stopinj z namenom ocene kompetenc vodje. Rezultati analize so si bili kljub oceni s strani štirih različnih skupin ocenjevalcev enotni, in potrdili, da vodja hotela izkazuje ustrezno raven kompetenc glede na kompetenčni profil delovnega mesta.
Keywords: • Kompetenca, • Model kompetenc ali kompetenčni model, • Analiza 360 stopinj, • Varstvo psov, • Vseživljenjski razvoj (angleško: Life-span development).
Published: 14.01.2021; Views: 263; Downloads: 41
Full text (1,43 MB)
Developing a Multifunctional Walking Aid: Combining Crutches and Nordic Walking PolesBea Mihelič Vastl
, 2020, master's thesis
Abstract: Research work focuses on finding solutions for a multifunctional walking aid. The aim of the research task is to develop a device that will simultaneously include the function of Nordic walking poles and crutches. The purpose of product development is to provide the end user with rapid and effective rehabilitation after injury or sprain of the lower extremities (legs, feet). The multifunctional product development methodology thus includes the theory of walking aids, market research, walking technique and review of materials. The practical part presents conceptual solutions based on research and findings, their evaluation and design of the selected product. The final solution is presented with a 3D model, renders and function descriptions.
Keywords: multifunctional aid, crutches, Nordic walking poles, product development
Published: 09.10.2020; Views: 280; Downloads: 41
Full text (4,19 MB)
A Variety of Entrepreneurial MotivesMiroslav Rebernik
, Karin Širec
, Polona Tominc
, Katja Crnogaj
, Matej Rus
, Barbara Bradač Hojnik
, 2020, scientific work
Abstract: In the world’s largest longitudinal survey, the Global Entrepreneurship Monitor (GEM), we have been exploring important features of entrepreneurship for 21 years, with particular emphasis on the earliest stages when business opportunities are perceived and individuals decide whether to engage in entrepreneurship. GEM was designed to (1) measure differences in attitudes towards entrepreneurship, activities and aspirations of individuals in as many countries as possible, (2) identify factors that encourage or hinder entrepreneurial activity, especially in relation to societal values, personal characteristics and the entrepreneurial ecosystem, (3) provide a platform for assessing the impact of entrepreneurial activity on economic growth in a given economy, and (4) identify the necessary policy measures to strengthen entrepreneurship. With the help of this research, we better understand society's attitude towards entrepreneurship and characteristics of the individual, such as perception of one's own abilities for entrepreneurial activity, ability to perceive opportunities, entrepreneurial intentions, and fear of failure. As GEM monitors entrepreneurial activity throughout the phases of the life cycle (nascent, new businesses and established businesses, discontinuation), according to impact (high growth, innovation, internationalization) and by type (early-stage entrepreneurship activity, employee entrepreneurship activity), the picture is much richer than the one that is based only on data gathered from ordinary statistical databases.
Keywords: Global Entrepreneurship Monitor, entrepreneurship, early-stage entrepreneurial activity, economic development, entrepreneurship ecosystem
Published: 29.05.2020; Views: 623; Downloads: 9
Link to full text
Developing and Controling Robot Arm Model with Avnet Microzed Development BoardMarko Purić
, 2019, master's thesis
Abstract: This master's thesis describes development and building of the SCARA robot arm with two rotational joints. Using SolidWorks, model of the SCARA robot was built, serving as development tool for the physical model. Controlling the SCARA robot was done with MicroZed development board, based on the Zynq-7000 SoC, which consists of a field-programmable gate array (FPGA) and ARM Cortex-A9 processor.
Purpose of this master's thesis was to build a SCARA robot and utilize the FPGA for interaction with peripherals, ARM Cortex-A9 processor was used for implementing a cascading control system. This master's thesis is the foundation for future work involving advanced control techniques consisting of nonlinear controllers, which are developed in the Laboratory for Cognitive Systems and Mechatronics at Faculty of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science at Maribor.
Keywords: SCARA robot, cascade control system, FPGA, Zynq-7000 SoC, MicroZed development board
Published: 29.01.2020; Views: 567; Downloads: 60
Full text (3,69 MB)
Electrified powertrain configuratorJernej Kosi
, 2019, master's thesis
Abstract: This master’s thesis describes the development, use and simulation results of the Excel based electrified powertrain configurator tool. First, different electrified powertrains are introduced and divided based on the powertrain type. Within the scope of this master’s thesis, we focused on battery electric vehicles. A mathematical vehicle model was developed to describe different battery electric vehicle powertrain architectures. The mathematical vehicle model was implemented in Excel. The performance of the Excel tool was demonstrated by simulating various driving cycles. To evaluate the accuracy and usability of the tool, simulation results from Excel tool were compared with those from AVL Cruise.
Keywords: electrified powertrain, vehicle longitudinal dynamic, driving simulation, Excel, tool development
Published: 23.12.2019; Views: 616; Downloads: 0
Advantages and disadvantages of agile approach in software developmentDoroteja Minjovič
, 2019, undergraduate thesis
Abstract: The thesis touches on the agile manifesto, followed by a description of Scrum, where Roles, Ceremonies, Artifacts, and Sprints are described. In addition to Scrum, the thesis describes Extreme Programming, Kanban, and Lean. The last part of the chapter contains an analysis of the pros and cons of agile methods in software development. The thesis concludes with a review of survey results.
Keywords: Agile methods, Software development, Scrum
Published: 21.11.2019; Views: 2718; Downloads: 131
Full text (803,77 KB)