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Film experience in the context of different audience
Ivan Kovačić, 2020, master's thesis

Abstract: The aim of this master thesis with title Film experience in the context of the different audiences was to answer the following; is it better to watch a film alone at home or with an audience in the cinema. To answer this question we prepared an experiment in which there were 42 participants. Participants were divided into two groups; the first group watched the film City of God, that was used for the experiment, at home, the second, watched the film with an audience in the cinema. At the end of the experiment, we compared the results from both groups. We found, that participants who watched the film in the cinema with an audience had a better film-watching experience. The results showed that the participants who watched the film in the cinema were more focused and paid more attention to the story, the characters that appeared in the film.
Keywords: cinema, video on demand, film experience, emotions, the audience effect
Published: 20.11.2020; Views: 148; Downloads: 20
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Understanding the structural complexity of induced travel demand in decision-making
Juan Angarita-Zapata, Jorge Parra-Valencia, Hugo Andrade-Sosa, 2016, original scientific article

Abstract: Background and purpose: Induced travel demand (ITD) is a phenomenon where road construction increases vehicles’ kilometers traveled. It has been approached with econometric models that use elasticities as measure to estimate how much travel demand can be induced by new roads. However, there is a lack of “white-box” models with causal hypotheses that explain the structural complexity underlying this phenomenon. We propose a system dynamics model based on a feedback mechanism to explain structurally ITD. Methodology: A system dynamics methodology was selected to model and simulate ITD. First, a causal loop diagram is proposed to describe the ITD structure in terms of feedback loops. Then a stock-flows diagram is formulated to allow computer simulation. Finally, simulations are run to show the quantitative temporal evolution of the model built. Results: The simulation results show how new roads in the short term induce more kilometers traveled by vehicles already in use; meanwhile, in the medium-term, new traffic is generated. These new car drivers appear when better flow conditions coming from new roads increase attractiveness of car use. More cars added to vehicles already in use produce new traffic congestion, and high travel speeds provided by roads built are absorbed by ITD effects. Conclusion: We concluded that approaching ITD with a systemic perspective allows for identifying leverage points that contribute to design comprehensive policies aimed to cope with ITD. In this sense, the model supports decision- making processes in urban contexts wherein it is still necessary for road construction to guarantee connectivity, such as the case of developing countries.
Keywords: induced travel demand, system dynamics, decision-making, dynamic modeling
Published: 23.01.2018; Views: 569; Downloads: 87
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Higher education demand factors and the demand for tourism education in Slovenia
Žiga Čepar, Štefan Bojnec, 2010, original scientific article

Abstract: This paper investigates the higher education demand in Slovenia, which is investigated in general and in the field of tourism, using regression analysis on selected time-series data. We find a positive and significant association between the higher education demand in general and the demographic and socio-economic circumstances. Demographic trends in general slow down or even decrease the demand for higher education, while socio-economic factors mostly encourage the demand for higher education. However, unfavourable demographic factors are already prevailing over the favourable socio-economic factors, meaning that growth rates of absolute demand for higher education are starting to decline. We analyze the movements of demand for higher education in the field of tourism in recent years and compare them to the movements of the demand for higher education in general and to the movements of the demand for tourism in Slovenia. The demand for tourist services is a factor that encourages demands for higher education in the field of tourism. Finally, we derive some conclusions about higher education demand determinants in Slovenia in general and in the field of tourism, and propose some recommendations for national educational policy.
Keywords: higher education, demand model, demography, tourism, human capital, Slovenia
Published: 30.11.2017; Views: 672; Downloads: 271
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Forecasting the primary demand for a beer brand using time series analysis
Danjel Bratina, Armand Faganel, 2008, original scientific article

Abstract: Market research often uses data (i.e. marketing mix variables) that is equally spaced over time. Time series theory is perfectly suited to study this phenomena's dependency on time. It is used for forecasting and causality analysis, but their greatest strength is in studying the impact of a discrete event in time, which makes it a powerful tool for marketers. This article introduces the basic concepts behind time series theory and illustrates its current application in marketing research. We use time series analysis to forecast the demand for beer on the Slovenian market using scanner data from two major retail stores. Before our analysis, only broader time spans have been used to perform time series analysis (weekly, monthly, quarterly or yearly data). In our study we analyse daily data, which is supposed to carry a lot of ‘noise’. We show that - even with noise carrying data - a better model can be computed using time series forecasting, explaining much more variance compared to regular regression. Our analysis also confirms the effect of short term sales promotions on beer demand, which is in conformity with other studies in this field.
Keywords: market research, time series forecasting, beer demand
Published: 30.11.2017; Views: 435; Downloads: 243
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The economic viability of value-based food chain for dairy farms in mountain regions
Jernej Prišenk, Andreja Borec, Marjan Janžekovič, Ivo Grgić, Karmen Pažek, Črtomir Rozman, Jernej Turk, 2016, original scientific article

Abstract: The attention of this paper is drawn to analyze the economic potential of involvement of farmers into the small-medium sized value-based food chain (VBFC). The survey represents a solid data basis from which econometric modelling approach was further developed. Empirical results reveal the positive economic viability on a general level; this means more stable purchase price of raw milk for dairy farms, which are the part of value-based food chain. Results point at inelastic demand for milk and milk related products. Furthermore, there are some accompanying and underlying indirect social benefits, such as production of high-quality food products, more stable and constant demand for raw milk, steady payments and better social situation. The last one is especially important for the farms operating in less-favored mountain areas where the survey was actually conducted.
Keywords: mountain dairy farms, demand for milk, Value-based food chain, econometric modelling
Published: 10.07.2017; Views: 474; Downloads: 73
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Analysis of the Energy Market Operator activity in eight European countries
France Križanič, Žan Oplotnik, 2015, original scientific article

Abstract: The article aims to analyze the connection between economic development, energy consumption, and prices of electricity and gas on one side and of the operation of the Energy Market Operator on the other. For this purpose we use a sample of eight EU countries with well-functioning energy markets but quite diverse characteristics. The results show that Market Operators in more developed countries in the sample have above average activity (according to revenue), and their primary goal is to achieve external economies. A higher level of Market Operator activity (greater revenue) is influenced by the decrease of transaction costs in energy markets and improves the prospect for greater use of energy. An active Market Operator is characteristically associated with international openness in the energy market as well as with the development of gas use in the given country. We find that a better equipped (greater assets used by the Market Operator) and more active (according to revenues) Market Operator is related with relatively higher levels of electricity and natural gas prices.
Keywords: energy, supply and demand, financial analysis, macroeconomics, international benchmark, comparison
Published: 06.07.2017; Views: 562; Downloads: 261
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Bullwhip effect in the information flow of a supply chain
Tadeja Lampret, Vojko Potočan, 2014, original scientific article

Abstract: The main goal of our research is to analyze and display causes of a bullwhip effect formation within a supply chain, as well as to provide the appropriate solutions to limit the occurrence of the bullwhip effect by using the proper information flow and partners´ cooperation within the supply chain. The bullwhip effect is one of the most important issues in the supply chain management and it is present in many companies. It preserves a character of invisibility because there are lots of causes for its formation and they are usually difficult to discern. The bullwhip effect is a phenomenon of an increase in the order variability within a supply chain. The higher we are within the supply chain, the higher is the order variability. The company encountered with the whip effect can successfully reduce its impact by improving the information flow, as well as improving partners´ cooperation within the supply chain. In this way the company can limit its negative repercussions and increase the profit. The article focuses on the overview of the bullwhip effect within a distribution chain, from its causes to suggestions and measures how to ease its negative repercussions on the organisation. Part of the causes could be found in the market demand variability and in the lack of communication about the actual marked demand within the supply chain. The rest of the causes are related to obstacles that emerge among different partners within the supply chain (role of culture). A qualitative analysis is applied on the basis of the selected cognitions from the supply chain management. The quantitative analysis is based on the theoretical research of the effective flow of information among the participants and its contribution to the reduction of the bullwhip impact. The article discusses two research questions: 1) The correct information flow within the supply chain and the improvement of the communication among partners can lead to the bullwhip effect reduction, and 2) A reduction of the bullwhip influence can lead to the increase of cooperation among partners. The results of the analysis can be used for further research.
Keywords: bullwhip effect, information flow, marked demand variability, orders variability, supply chain, logistics, business logistics, management, acquisition policy
Published: 06.07.2017; Views: 588; Downloads: 65
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Estimation of demand functions for services of public railway passenger transportation
Jani Bekő, 2004, short scientific article

Abstract: The paper deals with the estimation of demand functions for services of publicrailway passenger transportation in the case of Slovenia. Six demand functions were selected and separately interpreted. The aggregate values of demand elasticities reported in this paper suggest that the railway passenger demand is price and income inelastic. Coefficients of income elasticity below unity show that the services of railway passenger transportation in Slovenia can be classified among normal goods. A hypothetical increase in average real fares leads to a percentage decrease in the number of passengers traveling by rail that is smaller than the percentage increase in fares. The estimated price elasticities imply that, in the short run, there is potential for improving revenues of the railway operator by increasing average real fares.
Keywords: price elasticity of demand, income elasticity of demand, price policy
Published: 02.06.2017; Views: 931; Downloads: 69
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Matjaž Klopčič, 2016, bachelor thesis/paper

Abstract: V Sloveniji ima zaradi neustreznega planiranja, veliko število proizvodnih podjetij težave z izpolnjevanjem naročil, oziroma preveliko vezavo kapitala v zaloge končnih izdelkov, surovin, embalaže. Cilj vsakega podjetja je zanesljiva dobava izdelkov ob minimalnih stroških zaloge. Čeprav gre za nasprotujoča si pojma, lahko s premišljenim načrtovanjem materialnih potreb v proizvodnem procesu bistveno pripomoremo k optimalnemu poslovanju podjetja. Namen diplomske naloge je optimizacija konfiguracije procesa operativnega planiranja v šaržni proizvodnji s pomočjo celovite programske rešitve SAP ERP 6.0. V diplomski nalogi je predstavljen predlog izboljšav celotnega procesa MRP(materials requirement planning) planiranja v podjetju JUB. Diplomska naloga je izdelana po metodi študija primera.
Keywords: SAP, ERP, MRP, planiranje, demand
Published: 30.11.2016; Views: 1214; Downloads: 35
.pdf Full text (6,10 MB)

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