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Indo-Europeans and words of common origins from the Indo-European languages
Iva Starc, 2011, undergraduate thesis

Abstract: Indo–Europeans have had an important role throughout the history since they represent the most numerous language family in the world. Many scholars have been trying to explain their existence throughout past centuries. This has been causing them many problems since the evidence is rare. In the first part of diploma paper Indo–European languages spoken by various nations in Europe and in Asia are described. Then, as many other scholars, the diploma paper tries to find the homeland of Indo-Europeans and paths of their expansion. Later on Indo–European religion and culture are discussed. Indo–European languages influenced one–another and since English is one of many Indo–European languages, words of common origins from the Indo–European languages were looked for. The words were then divided into categories according to their meaning. The meaning and origins of the words are also provided.
Keywords: Indo–Europeans, homeland, expansion, culture, religion, common origins
Published: 07.09.2011; Views: 1997; Downloads: 102
.pdf Full text (753,63 KB)

Language evolution from the cultural aspect
Ana Pejković, 2011, undergraduate thesis

Abstract: Language is the primary force of human social life. It is the most important characteristic that separates humans from animals. The question of language evolution has not yet been completely answered, despite several theories dealing with this subject. In my graduation thesis I deal with language evolution from the cultural aspect. First I present the process of evolution, focusing on cultural evolution – the transfer of cultural patterns in social community. I deal with different language definitions, presented by Sverker Johansson, and the reasons for its evolution. The chapter on language definitions is completed by presenting the cradle of language, which is Africa. When focusing on language evolution from the cultural aspect, it is necessary to present the theory of cultural transmission by Michael Tomasello. He believed that this is the only biological mechanism that could have caused changes in cognition and behaviour. Finally, I present the question of inseparability of language and culture.
Keywords: evolution, language, gestures, culture, cultural transmission
Published: 27.02.2012; Views: 1094; Downloads: 79
.pdf Full text (378,87 KB)

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