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1.
Suitability of heat treatment for crack resistance of material in the connection part of heavy transporter for liquid slag
Tomaž Vuherer, Ljubica Milović, Milorad Zrilić, Ivan Samardžić, Vladimir Gliha, 2013, short scientific article

Abstract: The post weld heat treatment (PWHT) was used to reduce the level of the residual stresses and increase of the crack resistance of the materal in the cnnection part. The article presents the results of the residual stress measurements immediately after welding and after the stress relaxation by the PWHT.
Keywords: weld, heat treatment, residual stress, stress relaxation, crack resistance
Published: 03.07.2017; Views: 1704; Downloads: 69
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2.
Fracture toughness of a high-strength low-alloy steel weldment
Jelena Vojvodič-Tuma, Nenad Gubeljak, Borivoj Šuštaršič, Borut Bundara, 2006, original scientific article

Abstract: The use of high-strength low-alloy steels for high-performance structures, e.g., pressure vessels and pipelines, requires often high-strength consumables to produce an overmatched welded joint. This globally overmatched welded joint contains local mis-matched regions, which can affect the unstable fracture behaviour of the welded joint and the welded structure itself. If local mis-matched regions are present in the vicinity of a crack tip, then the fracture toughness of the weld metal can be significantly lower than that of the base metal. In this paper, the influence of the weld-metal microstructure on the fracture behaviour is estimated enabling an evaluation of the resistance to stable crack growth through different microstructures. The lower bound of the fracture toughness for different microstructures was evaluated using a modified Weibull distribution. The results, obtained using specimens with a through thickness crack front, indicated a low fracture toughness, caused by the strength mis-matching interaction along the crack front. In the case of through-the-thickness specimens, at least one local brittle zone (LBZ) or a local soft region is incorporated into the process zone in the vicinity of the crack tip. Hence, an unstable fracture occurred with small stable crack propagation, or without it. Despite the fact that the differences between the impact toughness of the weld metal and the base metal can be insignificant, the fracture toughness of a weld metal can be significantly lower.
Keywords: fracture mechanics, welded joint, crack-tip opening displacement, resistance curves
Published: 16.03.2017; Views: 742; Downloads: 65
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3.
Determination of lower bound fracture toughness of a high strength low alloy steel welded joint
Nenad Gubeljak, 2005, original scientific article

Abstract: The use of high-strength low-alloy steels for high performance structures (e.g. pressure vessels and pipelines) requires high strength consumables to produce an overmatched welded joint. This globally overmatched multipass welded joint contains two significantly different microstructures, as welded and reheated. In this paper, the influence of weld metal microstructure on fracture behaviour is estimated in comparison with the fracture behaviour of composite microstructures (as welded and reheated). The lower bound of fracture toughness for different microstructures was evaluated by using the modified Weibull distortion. The results, obtained using specimens with crack front through the thickness, indicated low fracture toughness, caused by strength mismatching interaction along thevcrck front. In the case of through thickness specimens, at least one local brittle microstructure is incorporatedin the process zone at the vicinity of the crck tip. Hence, unstable fracture occurred with small or without stable crack propagation. Despite the fact that the differences between the impact toughness of a weld metal and that of base metal are insignificant, the future toughness of a weld metal can be significantly lower.
Keywords: welded joints, fracture mechanics, Crack tip opening displacement, high strength seeel weld, mismatch effects, fracture toughness, resistance curves
Published: 01.06.2012; Views: 1719; Downloads: 90
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