ENERGY MANAGEMENT AS A TOOL FOR ENERGY EFFICIENCY IN THE COMPANY KOPUN SIMTO Ltd.Kaja Černjavič
, 2013, master's thesis
Abstract: The problem we referred to is great and mostly uncontrolled energy consumption in the public and private sector not just in Slovenia but also in other countries around the world. In Europe some restrictions were met, which resulted in 2009 in a new standard, the EN 16001:2009, two years later the International Standardization Body issued the ISO 50001:2011, energy management standard.
With the help of a case study potential in energy and emissions as well as overall environmental protection was presented. All anticipated research methods were followed, hypothesises set in the introduction were carefully researched and mainly proven to be right whereas some, hypothesis one and two, connected with the increase of energy consumption in Slovenia and hypothesis two, number of certificates per capita, were refuted. The overall consumption of energy in Slovenia decreased (table 2, page 15) in the year 2011 compared to 2010. Slovenia is also not the country with the lowest number of issued energy certificates per capita; Portugal has two (picture 1, page 35).
Hypothesises three to five linked to the study case were fully proven to be right; the company did not have an energy management programme but the owners were fully aware of the possibilities of energy savings. There was as well energy savings potential, proven to be even more that the first anticipated 50-percent.
Our conclusion is that energy management plays a key role in sustainable development and environment conservation practices, as it helps the country move towards an energy efficient economy. With the help of the case study we made a good illustration how a micro company saved 75-percent of energy costs in the first year, by using energy management as a tool. The main and general changes enhanced the company’s energy efficiency, taught employees some basic techniques for achieving greater energy efficiency and cost reduction not just inside the organization but also in family homes. It is important, that expenditures concerning energy purchase and consumption are exactly defined. Before the implementation and certainly after it, energy management accounting and energy management audits should be performed. This serves as a tool to realize and understand the full spectrum of the environmental costs and helps to create internal demand in businesses for cleaner and less wasteful production processes. It gives organizations a preferential position to engage in pollution prevention activities mainly because it makes good business sense due to the immediate financial benefits it delivers.
The prime goal of the thesis was to stimulate organizations to implement the concepts of energy management practices into their organizational structure and to use energy management systems for lowering energy and other environmental costs, no matter the size or segment the organization. There is no need to get certified if not wanted; just performing these activities is enough, as it brings all the benefits to the environment. Helping to achieve this goal is now mainly in the hands of others, it is important how the country will act and react and help organizations to achieve this goal. Different restrictions can be met on the field of law and taxes, subsidies, etc.
We believe that, for meeting all the required goals (Kyoto protocol and other) and help the economy to move towards a sustainable one, organizations will have to reorganize their structures and implement energy management. There are big potentials in reduction of emissions and energy consumption, with energy management, organizations can get the help and knowledge how to keep the budget of energy consumption as low as possible, how to meet all the critical objectives and also important, reduce their operational costs on a long-term basis.
Keywords: energy management, energy efficiency, energy conservation, energy consumption, energy accounting and auditing, energy manager, International Standards Organization (ISO), energy management system EnMS, cost efficiency
Published: 19.05.2014; Views: 1024; Downloads: 61
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Dynamics of Slovenian EntrepreneurshipMiroslav Rebernik
, Karin Širec
, Polona Tominc
, Ksenja Pušnik
, Maks Tajnikar
, Dijana Močnik
, Mojca Duh
, Matej Rus
, Barbara Bradač Hojnik
, Katja Crnogaj
, Rok Podgornik
, 2009, scientific monograph
Abstract: Part one presented the Slovenian entrepreneurial landscape in the year 2007. The second part compared Slovenian and EU-27 economy on various indicators. Part three analysed the process of firm entries in Slovenia while controlling for the specificities of regions and time, from 2000 to 2005. The fifth part analysed the impact of technical and cost efficiencies on firms’ income position and the relationship between supply and demand. The analysis examined tourism firms in Slovenia. The sixth part dealt with regional analysis of the early-stage entrepreneurship in Slovenia. The aim was to gain insight into developmental particularities of Slovenian family businesses and institutional support offered to family businesses in Slovenia. The seventh part examined different reasons for outsourcing according to strategic and traditional reasons. Lastly, we examined networking activities between enterprises and entrepreneurs. The empirical research revealed there are certain differences among Slovene SMEs according to their company size and gender.
Keywords: Firm Entries and Exits, Technical and Cost Efficiency, Family Firm Development, Oursourcing, Networking between Enterprises and Entrepreneurs
Published: 18.01.2017; Views: 530; Downloads: 46
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Financial aspects of a seismic base isolation system for a steel high-rack structureVojko Kilar
, Simon Petrovčič
, Simon Šilih
, David Koren
, 2013, original scientific article
Abstract: The paper deals with the effects and costs of implementing a base isolation system for the mitigation of the seismic risk of an existing steel rack structure. Different realistic distributions of the payload mass and occupancy levels, which form different plan asymmetric variants, have been analysed. The results obtained by the pushover analysis (N2 method) are presented as top floor envelopes and as plastic hinge damage patterns. In the presented cost study, the cost of the implementation of the proposed base isolation system is compared with the estimated costs of structural repairs to the damaged structural members of the superstructure, as well as with estimated expenses of the downtime period. The results have shown that base isolation is, in general, not economically feasible for lower ground motion intensities, whereas it could be of great benefit in the case of moderate and high intensities, especially if the downtime period is taken into account.
Keywords: rack structures, seismic behaviour, base isolation, cost efficiency, mass eccentricity, pushover analysis
Published: 07.08.2017; Views: 273; Downloads: 39
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From technical and cost efficiency to exportingKsenja Pušnik
, 2010, original scientific article
Abstract: The paper investigates the influence of technical and allocative efficiency on export performance of Slovenian individual firms. The main contribution of the paper to the literature is the test on whether technical and allocative efficiencies, measured by data envelopment analysis (DEA) and stochastic frontier function (SFA), significantly influence the export orientation of individual firms. Our evidence suggests that firms which are more efficient than their competitors in industry are more export oriented and that technical efficiency is more significant for firms’ export orientation than allocative efficiency. The evidence also suggests that along efficiency export activity of individual firms is significantly influenced by size, capital intensity, profitability, wages and export orientation of the firms a year prior to investigation.
Keywords: export, firm, company, technical efficiency, cost efficiency, Slovenia
Published: 09.08.2017; Views: 337; Downloads: 55
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