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1.
Evaluating the impact of environmental factors on the international competitiveness of Small and Medium sized Enterprises in the Western Balkans
Goran Andzelic, Vladimir Dzakovic, Bojan Lalić, Danica Zrnic, Iztok Palčič, 2011, original scientific article

Abstract: Small and Medium-sized Enterprises (SMEs) with an export potential face significant obstacles in gaining international competitiveness, due to the highly dynamic environment in which they operate. This study evaluates the impact of environmental factors on international competitiveness of the Western Balkans SMEs by identifying the key pairs of environmental factors and factors of international competitiveness, which facilitate an increase in international competitiveness of these firms. The paper also studies the importance of strategic planning and decision making process in the Western Balkans SMEs. Research is based on a questionnaire conducted on the representative sample of SMEs in Serbia, Montenegro and Bosnia and Herzegovina in the period September 2008 to March 2009. The findings of the research indicate which significant environmental factors have an impact on gaining the international competitiveness of the Western Balkans SMEs, therefore offering sound basis for strategic positioning and further gaining of competitive advantage.
Keywords: international competitiveness, small and medium enterprises, strategic positioning, environmental factors, Western Balkans
Published: 01.06.2012; Views: 1471; Downloads: 15
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Slovenian economy on the way from independence to catching up average economic development of EU-27
Lučka Lorber, 2008, original scientific article

Abstract: During the EU accession process, an intensive process of economic restructuring was taking place in Slovenia that was intended to secure Slovenia's incorporation into the common European market. At the time of adapting the legal and economic order to European standards, everyone was aware of the fact that successful EU spatial integration depends on the achieved economic power that is comparable to the average EU-27 economic growth. Slovenia's economic structure, determined by the GDP structure, is slowly approaching the structure of developed economies with the importance of agriculture and manufacture decreasing, and the importance of services increasing. However, financial and busines services, and technologically demanding sectors are growing too slowly. Structural changes of the Slovene economy have an affect on transformation of geographical space and create a new social-economic gravitational region. Functional and structural economic changes that resulted from social and political changes following Slovenia's newly-gained independence and its transition to market economy have changed the role of Slovenia in the common European economic market. Slovenia is to be found on a key development crossing, moving from an industrial to post industrial society. Slovenia's basic development goal is to exceed the average economic development of the enlarged EU by 2015 to be able to secure and improve social security, faster development in all its regions, and improve the environment. In other words strive for a better quality of life and overall human development.
Keywords: geography, economic geography, unified European market, Lisbon strategy, structural indicators, transition countries, Europe, competitiveness
Published: 21.12.2015; Views: 321; Downloads: 24
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Contingency factors influencing implementation of physical asset management practices
Damjan Maletič, Matjaž Maletič, Basim Al-Najjar, Katerina Gotzamani, Maria Gianni, Kalinowski, Boštjan Gomišček, 2017, original scientific article

Abstract: Purpose: The purpose of this empirical study is to examine the role of two contingency factors, i.e. uncertainty and competitiveness in relation to physical asset management (PAM) practices as well as to maintenance key performance indicators. The research is based on a premise that PAM, which was defined by risk management practices, performance assessment practices, life cycle management practices, and policy & strategy practices, has become an indispensable element of strategic thinking of asset owners as well as maintenance and asset managers. The purpose of this study is to advance the understanding of how organizations that face high or low level of uncertainty and competitiveness respond in terms of PAM deployment. Methodology/Approach: This study employed a data set based on a large-scale survey among organizations in six European countries (i.e. Slovenia, Poland, Greece, Sweden, Turkey and Slovakia). Data were collected from 138 organizations located in the above-mentioned countries to conduct the study. Findings: The results show that organizations that are faced with high level of uncertainty and competitiveness are more engaged in the deployment of PAM practices. Moreover, results show that when organizations are facing high levels of competitiveness they are using KPIs to a greater extent than organizations under low levels of competitiveness. Originality/value: From a theoretical perspective, this study contributes to the contingency theory by providing empirical evidence whether a context-dependent approach to PAM is needed. The findings also provide insights for managers on how to respond to the competitive pressure as well as how to customize PAM practices in order to adapt to the changes in dynamic organizational environment.
Keywords: physical asset management, maintenance, uncertainty, competitiveness
Published: 06.04.2017; Views: 530; Downloads: 88
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Empowerment of employees in gaining competitive advantage
Sonja Treven, Štefan Kajzer, 1999, original scientific article

Abstract: In the paper, the authors emanate from various types of structures of the enterprise whereby they focus their attention on the flexible form. They examine the possibilities to encourage the employees in achieving the business objectives in enterprises with a flexible organisational structure. They particularly deal with some of the more important aspects concerning the employees, as for example: job enrichment, self-managed work teams, creativity and gathering of ideas, the question of rewarding and recognizing the efforts of the staff. They conclude the paper by presenting the manner of recruiting and training as well as giving suggestions for creating "champions"in these enterprises.
Keywords: company, employment, competition, competitiveness, organizational structures, creativity
Published: 04.07.2017; Views: 198; Downloads: 28
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Promoting sustainability of tourism by creative tourism development
Romana Korez-Vide, 2013, original scientific article

Abstract: In this paper we introduce sustainability dimensions of creative tourism and develop a model of sustainable creative tourism. The concepts of culture-based creativity and sustainability as tools for a value-adding impact on cultural tourism and local culture are discussed in the theoretical part of the paper. Our empirical analysis reveals that higher GDP per capita does not necessary correlate with higher competitiveness of an economy: a comparison analysis of Slovenian and Estonian international competitive positions in various domains shows several weaknesses of Slovenian competitiveness and offers an explanation for indispensable systemic view on tourism competitiveness. Our world wide web analysis of the steps made in creative tourism development in both countries indicates Estonian advantage, which could be taken as an example of good practice. Some suggestions for Slovenian policy making with regard to institutional support for culturebased creativity and creative tourism development are made in the final part of the paper.
Keywords: sustainability, culture-based creativity, creative tourism, competitiveness, Slovenia
Published: 06.07.2017; Views: 269; Downloads: 25
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The importance of human resource management for the success of the company
Sonja Treven, 2000, short scientific article

Abstract: The paper first briefly presents the environment and challenges the companies will encounter in the forthcoming decade. Further, the author investigates challenges which will impact the implementation of human resource management. As there exists a two-way link between the companies and the environment, this contribution also illustrates the link into the other direction, and shows how the competitive advantage for the individual company can be gained by effective human resource management.
Keywords: management, human potential, performance, enterprise, competitiveness
Published: 17.07.2017; Views: 301; Downloads: 50
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10.
Training in diversity management
Sonja Treven, Urška Treven, 2007, original scientific article

Abstract: The labor force all around the world is becoming increasingly diverse. Thus, organizations that can manage employee diversity effectively gain a competitive advantage. In such organizations diversity training is a necessity. Diversity training helps managers understand and value individual differences and develop strong diagnostic skills. The paper explores various approaches to training, like awareness-based and skill-based diversity training. A special attention to potential problems that may occur in the process of diversity training is given.
Keywords: diversity management, training, employment, competitiveness, human resources, management
Published: 26.07.2017; Views: 386; Downloads: 91
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