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Measuring young individuals’ responses to climate change : validation of the Slovenian versions of the climate anxiety scale and the climate change worry
Nejc Plohl, Izidor Mlakar, Bojan Musil, Urška Smrke, 2023, original scientific article

Abstract: Introduction: While increasing awareness of climate change is needed to address this threat to the natural environment and humanity, it may simultaneously negatively impact mental health. Previous studies suggest that climate-specific mental health phenomena, such as climate anxiety and worry, tend to be especially pronounced in youth. To properly understand and address these issues, we need valid measures that can also be used in non-Anglophone samples. Therefore, in the present paper, we aimed to validate Slovenian versions of the Climate Anxiety Scale (CAS) and the Climate Change Worry Scale (CCWS) among Slovenian youth. Method: We conducted an online survey in which 442 young individuals (18–24 years) from Slovenia filled out the two central questionnaires and additional instruments capturing other relevant constructs (e.g., general anxiety, neuroticism, and behavioral engagement). Results: The confirmatory factor analyses results supported the hypothesized factorial structure of the CAS (two factors) and the CCWS (one factor). Both scales also demonstrated great internal reliability. Moreover, the analyses exploring both constructs’ nomological networks showed moderate positive associations with similar measures, such as anxiety and stress (convergent validity), and very weak associations with measures they should not be particularly related to, such as narcissism (discriminant validity). Lastly, we found that the CAS and, even more so, the CCWS have unique predictive value in explaining outcomes such as perceived threat, support for climate policies, and behavioral engagement (incremental validity). Discussion: Overall, Slovenian versions of the CAS and the CCWS seem to be valid, reliable, and appropriate for future studies tackling young individuals’ responses to climate change. Limitations of the study and areas for future research are discussed.
Keywords: climate anxiety, climate change, climate worry, validation, youth
Published in DKUM: 04.06.2024; Views: 49; Downloads: 6
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6th International Conference En-Re Energy & Responsibility : Book of Extended Abstracts

Abstract: In the context of escalating climate challenges, the EnRe conference is dedicated to exploring pathways to climate neutrality and the sustainable green transition. The conference is focused on the development and implementation of innovations supporting the transformation of energy systems, industrial systems, and living systems, all with the goal of creating a sustainable future with net-zero emissions. The conference brings together experts, researchers, policymakers, and business leaders to share their experiences, research, and visions. The aim of the conference is to foster collaboration and exchange of ideas, and to collectively develop comprehensive approaches and strategies for achieving climate neutrality. This conference is not just a knowledge exchange, but also a platform for encouraging concrete actions that will ensure a greenerand more sustainable future for our next generations to come.
Keywords: alternative energy systems, dynamic tariffing, electrical machines and drives, energy conversions, financing energy projects, nuclear energy, conventional energy systems, climate changes - climate pan, mathematical methods in engineering, micro and nano energy, low-carbon technologies and strategies, renewable energy technologies heating and cooling systems, smart buildings, cities and networks, policies and strategies for renewable energy sources, energy efficiency and the climate
Published in DKUM: 17.05.2024; Views: 221; Downloads: 19
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Climate change-related displacement and the determination of refugee status under the 1951 Refugee Convention
Elijah Sriroshan Sritharan, 2023, original scientific article

Abstract: Climate change and climate-driven migration are two of the defining challenges of the twenty-first century, and there is no legal framework for protecting those displaced across national borders for climate-related reasons. The 1951 Refugee Convention hardly applies to human mobility in the context of climate change. This paper was written in the hopes of initiating a discussion concerning an alternative perspective through which persons fleeing natural disasters linked to climate change may satisfy the eligibility conditions for recognition of refugee status. Expanding the definition of refugee as defined in the Convention by including the notion of vulnerability to climate disasters that are caused by the underlying socio-economic conditions in the claimant’s home country and the role of discrimination in causing differential exposure to the climate-related disasters in legal definitions might open the door for the availability of refugee status for persons fleeing in the context of climate change. This paper proposes the adoption of a reformed human rights-based interpretation, particularly with regard to the individual nature of refugee status determination. Recalibrating the Convention to facilitate climate-induced migration could reduce political tension and social unrest in receiving countries.
Keywords: climate change, climate-driven migration or displacement, climate migrants, climate refugees, determination of refugee status, the 1951 refugee convention, human rights-based approach, socio-economic conditions, vulnerability to climate disasters, the role of discrimination, rights-based climate litigation
Published in DKUM: 19.04.2024; Views: 98; Downloads: 6
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Destination climate adaptation
Nevenka Čavlek, Chris Cooper, Vanja Krajinović, Lidija Srnec, Ksenija Zaninović, 2019, original scientific article

Abstract: A key element in the product mix of destinations is climate. Climate represents a critical part of a destination's economic and resource base such that changes in climate will trigger human responses in terms of demand and the type of activities that the climate will support. This threatens the competitiveness, sustainability, and economic viability of destinations. This research note focuses on destination adaptation to climate change that is anticipatory not reactive, based on projecting future climate scenarios for a destination and then assessing the tourism products that the future climate will support. It outlines an original data-driven approach to adaptation that is generalizable to other destinations. The research note describes an exploratory research collaboration in Croatia between tourism and climate scientists that allows, first, the modeling of a destination's projected climate conditions and, second, the products and activities that can be supported by these climate scenarios using climate indices for tourism.
Keywords: climate change, destination adaptation, climate index for tourism, climate scenarios
Published in DKUM: 22.02.2024; Views: 317; Downloads: 9
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Transitioning towards Net-Zero Emissions in Chemical and Process Industries : A Holistic Perspective
Peter Glavič, Zorka Novak-Pintarič, Helena Levičnik, Vesna Dragojlović, Miloš Bogataj, 2023, review article

Abstract: Given the urgency to combat climate change and ensure environmental sustainability, this review examines the transition to net-zero emissions in chemical and process industries. It addresses the core areas of carbon emissions reduction, efficient energy use, and sustainable practices. What is new, however, is that it focuses on cutting-edge technologies such as biomass utilization, biotechnology applications, and waste management strategies that are key drivers of this transition. In particular, the study addresses the unique challenges faced by industries such as cement manufacturing and highlights the need for innovative solutions to effectively reduce their carbon footprint. In particular, the role of hydrogen as a clean fuel is at the heart of revolutionizing the chemical and process sectors, pointing the way to cleaner and greener operations. In addition, the manuscript explores the immense importance of the European Green Deal and the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) for the chemical industry. These initiatives provide a clear roadmap and framework for advancing sustainability, driving innovation, and reducing the industry's environmental impact, and are a notable contribution to the existing body of knowledge. Ultimately, alignment with the European Green Deal and the SDGs can bring numerous benefits to the chemical industry, increasing its competitiveness, promoting societal well-being, and supporting cross-sector collaboration to achieve shared sustainability goals. By highlighting the novelty of integrating cutting-edge technologies, addressing unique industrial challenges, and positioning global initiatives, this report offers valuable insights to guide the chemical and process industries on their transformative path to a sustainable future.
Keywords: net zero, energy, process industries, emissions, climate, chemicals, biomass, waste, cement, metals
Published in DKUM: 19.02.2024; Views: 253; Downloads: 20
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Supply chain management mitigation to climate change in three selected industrial sectors
Maja Bašić, Špela Kovše, Andraž Opačić, Marijana Pećarević, Matevž Obrecht, 2023, original scientific article

Abstract: As the world economy is growing and globalisation is on the rise, climate change and its effects on the planet Earth are also increasing. But climate changes do not disturb only nature; they also affect businesses and their supply chains. Many companies have recently recognised the positive impacts of green and circular supply chain management practices. Supply chains that deliver products from around the world are increasingly exposed to the impacts of a changing climate and scarce resources. In this research, it was determined how climate change impacts supply chains in the food, automobile, and energy industry sectors. Furthermore, we wanted to find out if and how the management of supply chains is altered to adapt to the business environment which is more and more affected by environmental changes.
Keywords: climate change adaptation and mittigation, circular economy, sustainable developement, supply chain management
Published in DKUM: 16.02.2024; Views: 259; Downloads: 13
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Role of tourism in promoting geothermal energy : public interest and motivation for geothermal energy tourism in Slovenia
Barbara Pavlakovič Farrell, Milica Rančić Demir, Nejc Pozvek, Maja Turnšek, 2021, original scientific article

Abstract: From household geothermal heat pumps to industrial geothermal heating and electricity production, geothermal energy is one of the most promising future climate change mitigation areas. This paper aims to analyse the potential role that the tourism industry has in the promotion of geothermal energy. Although general knowledge and understanding of geothermal energy is often relatively low, geothermal energy tourism has the potential to encourage the public to use and learn about geothermal energy and its applications. The paper first provides a theoretical conceptualisation of geothermal energy tourism at the energy production level and energy usage level. Empirical results from an online survey amongst a sample of the Slovenian population show that there is a reasonably strong interest in geothermal energy tourism, correlating with the public image of geothermal energy. The study furthermore identified three main motivational factors for energy tourism: the first is "Knowledge," followed by "Having fun," with the lowest level on the motivational factor being "Self-recognition." The paper finally provides future recommendations on geothermal energy tourism as a tool for wider public acceptance but also knowledge on the potential risks of geothermal energy as a sustainable energy source.
Keywords: climate change mitigation, geothermal energy, industrial tourism, energy tourism, public interest, social acceptance
Published in DKUM: 23.01.2024; Views: 214; Downloads: 8
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Influence of undergarments on the comfort level of scoliosis brace wearers
O. Nagy Szabó, Jelka Geršak, A. Koleszár, Marianna Halász, 2023, original scientific article

Abstract: Bracing has proven to be an effective method for the conventional treatment of scoliosis in young people. A brace, a therapeutic device, covers the upper body and promotes healing by applying pressure to specific areas. However, wearing a scoliosis brace negatively affects the user’s thermo-physiological well-being and often leads to discomfort. In this study, we investigated the influence of T-shirts as an undergarment on the thermo-physiological well-being of the brace wearer. For this purpose, we performed a comparative analysis of six T-shirts made from different special knitted fabrics. We carried out wearing tests in a computer-controlled climate chamber according to a predetermined protocol. The test subject wore the orthopedic brace over the different T-shirts at three different temperatures. The results indicate that the knitted fabrics of undergarments and environmental conditions considerably impact the wearer’s thermo-physiological comfort. In the tests, the T-shirts made from the selected functional fabrics performed very well. The T-shirt made from the classic cotton fabric containing elastane yarn also performed well and was the most environmentally friendly. Currently, due to its lower price and easier availability, this cotton T-shirt can be recommended for wearing under a scoliosis brace.
Keywords: clothing physiology, undergarment, knitted fabrics, scoliosis brace, climate chamber, textile material testing
Published in DKUM: 05.09.2023; Views: 283; Downloads: 21
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Implementation of climate change effects on slope stability analysis
Tamara Bračko, Bojan Žlender, Primož Jelušič, 2022, original scientific article

Abstract: The objective of this study is to determine the impacts of expected climate change on slope stability. For this purpose, the case study of a slope instability, that was triggered in 2021 was selected. The stability analysis was performed considering the theory of rainfall infiltration and using Geo-Studio’s SEEP/W module for the surface infiltration model of the slope. A parametric stability analysis of the slope was conducted to determine the importance of climate change on slope stability. Conditions for changes in volumetric water content, water permeability, porewater pressure, and groundwater flow are important. When soil permeability is low, the factor of safety decreases during rainfall events and on the days following, while when permeability is higher, safety increases after rainfall events. The effect of lower cohesion is nearly linear, with the factor of safety decreasing by 0.1 for every 1 kPa less cohesion. The increase in net infiltration of water may be the most critical factor for slope instability. The results of the analysis indicate that timely reduction of water net infiltration through planting and proper surface water runoff from the upper road and slope would be a relatively simple and inexpensive measure compared to the cost of remediating the landslide, considering expected climate change. Therefore, it is advisable to analyze all slopes with respect to the expected climate change, taking into account the potential impacts of climate change.
Keywords: climate change adaptation, slope stability, rainfall infiltration, water net infiltration, seepage analyses
Published in DKUM: 18.08.2023; Views: 391; Downloads: 34
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Climate change mitigation as a large-scale collective action problem : master's thesis
Ema Ivanuša, 2022, master's thesis

Abstract: Climate change is the biggest challenge of our time. Its consequences include global warming, frequent and more destructive natural disasters, ocean acidification, rising sea levels, destruction of ecosystems and the loss of biodiversity. Besides the environmental degradation, climate change will have negative effects on the global economy and the health and living conditions of communities all over the world. Urgent action is needed to mitigate climate change, however, all the responses and mitigative efforts have been so far unsuccessful in reducing emissions of greenhouse gases, the main anthropogenic driver of climate change. This master thesis aims to uncover and understand some of the reasons behind the individual inaction regarding this issue. It hypothesizes that this is due to the collective action problem structure of climate change mitigation. To test this hypothesis, it is shown climate change has all characteristics of a large-scale collective action problem: large number of involved actors, spatial and temporal distance, and high levels of complexity. These give rise to the stressors that impede factors that influence individual cooperative behaviour, such as anonymity, lack of accountability, risk and uncertainty, cognitive limitations, and emotional detachment. Further interdisciplinary research is needed to better understand (and hopefully solve) the conflict between individual short-term and collective long-term interests in the collective problem of climate change mitigation.
Keywords: climate change, climate change mitigation, collective action, individual action, collective action problem
Published in DKUM: 07.04.2022; Views: 932; Downloads: 73
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