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1.
Sustainability engineering education
Peter Glavič, 2006, original scientific article

Abstract: University sustainability education programmes in several European countries and the US have been compared to find common characteristics of the curricula in environmental science and engineering programmes. In particular, chemical engineering and applied chemistry departments have been focused here. Small, innovative European countries (Austria, Denmark, Finland, Ireland, Netherlands, Norway, Slovenia, Sweden, and Switzerland) have been in fore front. In bigger countries (France, Great Britain, Spain, and the US) programmes from some of the top 100 universities in Europe and the Americas have been considered, three from each country and seven from the US. The frequency of the courses in various groups and typical course titles are shown within each group. Evolution from pollution prevention courses to sustainability subjects is observed. The most employed textbooks are also provided.
Keywords: clean technologies, sustainable development, environmental protection, university sustainability education, curriculum
Published: 30.05.2012; Views: 1628; Downloads: 58
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2.
Fuzzy Logic Model for the performance benchmarking of sugar plants by considering best available techniques
Damjan Krajnc, Miro Mele, Peter Glavič, 2007, original scientific article

Abstract: This paper deals with the problem of performance benchmarking of traditional beet sugar plants, by considering Best Available Techniques (BAT) for beet sugar production, as determined by the Integrated Pollution Prevention and Control (IPPC) Directive. A Fuzzy Logic Model, based on fuzzy set theory, was constructed for this purpose, in order to compare the performances of sugar plants within the sector's best standards, as expressed in the Reference Document on BAT. The effectiveness of the model was tested in the case study,in which three sugar plants were benchmarked against the BAT regarding the consumption of energy, water, raw materials and the production of wastes, wastewater, by-products and the main product. The model was recognized as helpful for the benchmarking needs of sugar plants. In addition, by integrating BAT Reference Document analysis into the model, it provides IPPC permitting authorities with an objective method and uniform BAT benchmarks to manage permitting process.
Keywords: chemical processing, beet sugar production, sugar industry, clean technologies, performance benchmarking, IPPC Directive, technology performance assessment, fuzzy set theory, best available techniques, IPPC permitting process
Published: 31.05.2012; Views: 1675; Downloads: 59
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3.
A model for integrated assessment of sustainable development
Damjan Krajnc, Peter Glavič, 2005, original scientific article

Abstract: The focus of the paper is on consideration of how to use indicators to monitor sustainable development in a relevant and useful manner. Integrated information on sustainable development of a company is very essential for decision-making since it is very difficult to evaluate the performance of the company on the ground of too many indicators. The objective of the work was to design a model for obtaining a composite sustainable development index (ICSD) in order to track integrated information on economic, environmental, and social performance of the company with time. Normalized indicators were associated into three sustainability sub-indices and finally composed into an overall indicator of a company performance. This was applied by determining the impact of individual indicator to the overall sustainability of a company using the concept of analytic hierarchy process. The demonstration of the model used data for a case study company, Henkel, and a set of sustainable development indicators that were classified using the currently most widely accepted approach of the Global Reporting Initiative (GRI). Case study was used to measure ICSD and sustainability sub-indices of the company over the time interval of 6 years. Interpretation of results is given and the utility of ICSD with its relevance for decision-making is pointed out. Using a case study, the paper demonstrates that the model can be applied to deliver composite indicators of sustainability performance of companies.
Keywords: clean technologies, environmental protection, sustainable development, sustainability indicators, composite index, sustainability assessment, multiattribute decision-making
Published: 01.06.2012; Views: 1789; Downloads: 58
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