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Development and validation of the Work-home-integration questionnaire (WHIQ)
Andrea Noja, Bettina Kubicek, Nejc Plohl, Sara Tement, 2022, original scientific article

Abstract: The boundaries between work and private life are gradually blurring. More and more employees are involved in work during leisure time through cognitions, emotions or behaviours, in both negative and positive ways. This so-called work-home integration (WHI) can, on the one hand, hampers the necessary recovery from work and result in strain but, on the other hand, also restores resources and result in beneficial outcomes. In order to enhance our understanding of WHI and capture all its different forms, we suggest a new conceptualisation and measure of WHI. We therefore developed and validated the Work-Home Integration Questionnaire (WHIQ) in English, German and Slovene simultaneously using two cross-sectional studies (Study 1: N = 848; Study 2: N = 555) and a two-wave longitudinal study with a time lag of 1 month (Study 3: N = 379). Confirmatory factor analysis confirmed a three-factor structure with (1) negative cognitive-affective involvement, (2) positive cognitive-affective involvement and (3) behavioural involvement. Moreover, the WHIQ showed measurement invariance across the three languages and the results provide evidence for convergent, discriminant and incremental validity. Overall, the WHIQ is a reliable, valid and short measure to assess the extent to which employees are involved in work during leisure time.
Keywords: work-home integration, burnout, well-being, work-family conflict, scale validation
Published in DKUM: 17.07.2023; Views: 374; Downloads: 23
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Problematika stresa in izgorelosti pri nepremičninskih posrednikih
Vanessa Kacjan, 2022, master's thesis

Abstract: Pri definiranju stresa so pomembne različne opredelitve, teorije in modeli stresa. Prva opredelitev, ki sta jo podala Holmes in Rahe, se osredotoča na zunanje vire stresa in predlaga, da do stresne reakcije pride zaradi zunanjih dražljajev. Večji kot je pritisk na posameznika, večja je možnost, da mu bo ta podlegel. Selye se je osredotočal na stres kot reakcijo, oziroma kot fiziološki odziv na škodljivi dražljaj, ki poteka v treh fazah: v prvi se telo na stres odzove z opozorilno reakcijo. V drugi stopnji – stopnji upora, se telo pripravi na spopad s stresom. Ko pa stres prične presegati posameznikove zmogljivosti, pride do končne faze – izčrpanosti. Zadnja faza doživljanja stresa je stanje izgorelosti oziroma burnout. Takrat telo pregori in tako podleže pritisku. Pojem izgorelost se običajno pojavi v kontekstu delovnega okolja. Delovna izgorelost obsega tri dimenzije: izčrpanost (izgorelost na čustveni ravni), cinizem (depersonalizacija) in izguba strokovne oziroma poklicne učinkovitosti. Poučevanje stresa in izgorelosti pri nepremičninskih posrednikih je smiselno zaradi velikega pritiska, ki je vsakodnevno prisoten na delovnem mestu, še posebej v situacijah, kjer zaposleni opravlja delo z ljudmi. Delu s strankami pripisujemo visoko raven stresa prav zaradi človeškega stika, ki s seboj prinese čustva in čustvene reakcije. Pri obvladovanju in preprečevanju stresa bi se tako morali pogovarjati že o preventivi.
Keywords: Stres, stres na delovnem mestu, stresorji, izgorelost, burnout, nepremičninski posrednik
Published in DKUM: 27.06.2022; Views: 558; Downloads: 127
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The impact of nurses` emotional intelligence on effective nursing leadership: a narrative literature review
Patricija Lunežnik, 2019, undergraduate thesis

Abstract: Introduction: The interest of this diploma work was to find out, how emotional intelligence of nurses influences effective nursing leadership in order to improve patient care and working conditions for nurses. Methodology: A descriptive working method with a systematic approach of searching the literature was used. International databases CINAHL, MEDLINE, Web of Science, ASSIA and PsycINFO were searched, covering the period from January 2009 to April 2019. Prisma was used for reporting evidence in a narrative review. Articles were screened by title, abstract and full text. Results: 406 records were identified through the database search, 18 records were identified manually. After removing the duplicates, 350 records were identified and screened by title. 89 records were screened by abstract and 36 records by full text. Suitable articles (n = 15) were analysed according to the aim, methodology, sample and results. They were also evaluated regarding hierarchy of evidence and the narrative review was made. Discussion: We discovered that there is an important link between effective leadership and emotional intelligence. Good emotional intelligence reduces stress, promotes effective communication and improves performance. Developing high emotional intelligence may be the most important part of effective leadership, which is essential in nursing and critical for optimizing costs, access and quality of health care.
Keywords: job performance, job satisfaction, motivation, burnout, interpersonal relationships
Published in DKUM: 18.11.2019; Views: 1555; Downloads: 229
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The impact of behavioral symptoms of burnout on work engagement of older employees : the case of Slovenian companies
Maja Rožman, Sonja Treven, Marijan Cingula, 2018, original scientific article

Abstract: The main objective of the paper is to determine the impact of behavioral symptoms of burnout of older employees on their work engagement in large- and medium- sized companies in Slovenia. The research is based on the implementation of a factor analysis by which we wanted to reduce the large number of variables into a smaller number of factors. With those factors, we performed a simple linear regression. Based on the results, we confirmed the hypothesis that behavioral symptoms of burnout of older employees have a statistically significant negative impact on their work engagement. Well-being of employees of varying ages in the workplace is key for long-term effectiveness of companies. From this point of view, companies should apply appropriate measures to reduce burnout as well as to contribute to employees’ well-being and better workplace performance, which is reflected in work engagement of employees.
Keywords: burnout, behavioral symptoms of burnout, older employees, work engagement
Published in DKUM: 10.10.2018; Views: 1373; Downloads: 175
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Health professionals - stress, burnout and prevention : the international conference, October 6, 2017, book of contributions
2017, other monographs and other completed works

Abstract: The medical staffs in health service institutions are often required to spend time in intense involvement with other people. Frequently, the staff-client interaction is centred on the client's current problems (physical, psychological, social) and is therefore charged with feelings of pain and suffering, fear, despair, turmoil and anger. The main aim of our meeting is to discuss the consequences of such personal burdens as well as to get a better insight into the background of professional burnout phenomenon in general. Because a burnout could not be only the result of job characteristics but could appear also as the result of work organization type, social relationships, as well as of some personal characteristics and individual′s life style, too, it is essential to look for the forms of support not only on the individual, but it is necessary to consider also the preventive options at the institutional level.
Keywords: professional burnout, social exchange balance, human well-being
Published in DKUM: 28.09.2017; Views: 1467; Downloads: 184
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Internal structure of an alternative measure of burnout : study on the Slovenian adaptation of the Oldenburg Burnout Inventory (OLBI)
Nataša Sedlar, Lilijana Šprah, Sara Tement, Gregor Sočan, 2015, original scientific article

Abstract: This study evaluates the factorial validity and reliability of the Slovenian adaptation of the Oldenburg Burnout Inventory (OLBI) in a sample of 1436 Slovenian employees of various occupations. Confirmatory factor analyses were used to evaluate alternative structural models of OLBI, and reliability of variant scales was estimated. The results reveal a different structure of the Slovenian adaptation compared with the original one and a very notable difference in reliability between positively and negatively framed items. The results could be explained with a response bias or the specific nature of burnout and work engagement that OLBI promises to assess simultaneously. Therefore, we believe that the internal structure of the original inventory needs to be reconsidered.
Keywords: burnout, Oldenburg Burnout Inventory, factor structure, reliability, psychometrics
Published in DKUM: 14.07.2017; Views: 1426; Downloads: 269
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Burnout of older and younger employees : the case of Slovenia
Maja Rožman, Sonja Treven, Vesna Čančer, Marijan Cingula, 2017, original scientific article

Abstract: Background and Purpose: People spend a significant part of their lifespan working, but the role of age in job design and implementation of work have largely been ignored. The consequences can be evident in stress and burnout in different symptoms. Thus, age-diverse employees are faced with different symptoms of burnout and stress when carrying out their work. The main aim of this paper is to present burnout of older employees compared to younger employees in Slovenian companies. Design/Methodology/Approach: The paper is based on research including a survey between two age groups of employees, namely the younger employees that were classified in the group of under 50 years of age and the older employees that were classified in the group of above 50 years of age. Since the Kolmogorov-Smirnov and Shapiro- Wilk test showed that the data was not normally distributed, the noan-parametric Mann-Whitney U test was used to verify differences in the physical symptoms of burnout, emotional symptoms of burnout, and behavioral symptoms of burnout in the workplace between two groups. Results: The results show that there are significant differences in the great majority of the variables describing the physical symptoms of burnout, emotional symptoms of burnout, and behavioral symptoms of burnout in the workplace between younger and older employees. Conclusion: Well-being in the workplace of age-diverse employees is a key for long-term effectiveness of organizations. Managers and employers should apply appropriate measures to reduce burnout as well as to contribute to employees well-being and better workplace performance.
Keywords: physical symptoms of burnout, emotional symptoms of burnout, behavioral symptoms of burnout, employees, human resource management
Published in DKUM: 06.04.2017; Views: 2099; Downloads: 207
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Some aspects of burnout in nursing homes
Ljiljana Leskovic, Goran Vukovič, Robert T. Leskovar, Jana Goriup, 2016, original scientific article

Abstract: Nursing personnel in nursing homes for elderly citizens are exposed to a number of factors that contribute to possible burnout syndrome. For this reason, the set objective of the research was to measure the degree of burnout, check the correlation between the burnout syndrome and satisfaction at work, and psychosomatic symptoms, as well as to figure out the main characteristics of burnout syndrome among the nursing personnel in nursing homes for the elderly in Slovenia.
Keywords: burnout, elder people, work, satisfaction, psychosomatic symptoms, nursing homes, nurses
Published in DKUM: 30.03.2017; Views: 1531; Downloads: 353
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Burnout among Slovenian family medicine trainees : a cross-sectional study
Polona Selič, Tea Stegne Ignjatović, Zalika Klemenc-Ketiš, 2012, original scientific article

Abstract: Background: Burnout as a distinct work-related syndrome is established by the combination of high scores for emotional exhaustion (EE) and depersonalisation(D), and a low score for personal accomplishment (PA). The aim of the study was to assess the prevalence of burnout among Slovenian family medicine trainees and the influence of the socio-demographic characteristics on burnout assessment. Methods: The study included 127 family medicine trainees in a modular part of the residency in the study year 2008/09. A self-administered questionnaire addressed the socio-demographic variables (age, gender, marital status, and years of practice and labour details - number of patients per day, number of night shifts per month); the second part consisted of the Slovenian version of the Maslach Burnout Inventory. Results: The responses were received from 117 trainees (92 % response rate). In terms of burnout, 45.9 % respondents scored high for EE, 43.1 % for high D, and 45.9 % for low P, with 18.3 % scoring high burnout in all three dimensions, 27.5 % in two dimensions, 24.8 % in one dimension and only 29.4% id not score high for burnout in any dimension at al. A high EE wassignificantly associated with frequent work in the emergency unit (four times per month) and age; a higher D was associated only with frequent work inthe emergency unit (four times per month), whereas a low PA was not associated with any of the variables studied. Conclusions: The prevalence of burnout syndrome among family medicine trainees is high and consistent with data from other studies among the physicians worldwide using the same instrument. Family medicine trainees are at risk of burnout regardless of their demographic characteristics. Increased workload affects EE and D.
Keywords: professional burnout, family practice, psychological stress, workloads
Published in DKUM: 27.03.2017; Views: 1611; Downloads: 159
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Sindrom adrenalne izgorelosti pedagoških strokovnih delavcev
Nataša Galer, 2012, undergraduate thesis

Abstract: Izgorelost grozi vsakem poklicu, predvsem poklicem, povezanim z delom, kot so pomoč ljudem, delo v stiku z ljudmi, torej sem sodi tudi poučevanje. Pomembno je razlikovati pojem sindrom izgorelosti in sam proces izgorevanja s simptomi, stanje adrenalne izgorelosti, kot zadnjo stopnjo procesa izgorelosti od depresije in delovne oz. poklicne izčrpanosti s kroničnim stresom. Adrenalna izgorelost je kompleksnejša od kroničnega stresa na delovnem mestu ali od občutka frustriranosti, zajema inter- in intrapersonalne vidike. O izgorelosti in izgorevanju govorimo, ko nas naše notranje prisile ženejo v deloholizem in nato v preizčrpavanje (Pšeničny, 2008). V prvem teoretičnem delu predstavljamo pojem, različne razlage ter sam proces izgorevanja, temeljiteje predvsem zadnjo stopnjo izgorevanja, adrenalno izgorelost: stanje pred, sam akutni adrenalni zlom in stanje po zlomu. Predstavljamo vzroke (oblikovanje labilne, storilnostno pogojene samopodobe v razvoju predšolskega otroka vse bolj ambicioznih staršev in zahtev družbe ter nerecipročnost odnosov, ki se ujema z izhodiščem recipročnega modela izgorelosti), simptome (depresivni občutki in anksiozni simptomi, deloholizem in wornout, disfunkcija HHA-osi, storilnostno pogojena samopodoba), značilnosti (prepoznavne znake) in posledice sindroma adrenalne izgorelosti. Podrobneje smo se ustavili pri simptomih, predvsem zaradi napačnih predstav in sklepanj o samem sindromu. Kakšno je dejansko stanje adrenalne izgorelosti pedagoških delavcev/lavk, smo preverili med samimi učitelji/cami in vzgojitelji/cami s pomočjo anketnega vprašalnika, na osnovi katerega so učitelji/ce in vzgojitelji/ce ocenili stopnjo lastnega stresa (kroničnega stresa), osebnega zadovoljstva in samoučinkovitosti v izvajanju pedagoškega dela, kot tudi pogostost lastnih obolenj, težnjo po zamenjavi poklica ter ovrednotili posamezne trdite stanja lastne izgorelosti.
Keywords: Ključne besede: adrenalin, anksioznost, burnout sindrom (BS), depresija, sindrom adrenalne izgorelosti (SAI), storilnostna samopodoba, stres, recipročni model izgorevanja (RMI), wornout, kortizol, self, recipročnost, motivacija, HHA-os.
Published in DKUM: 11.06.2012; Views: 3217; Downloads: 414
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