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Vertical displacements measuring methods during bridge load tests
Boštjan Kovačič, Ante Marendić, Rok Kamnik, Mikhail Volkov, Vera Roy, 2016, published scientific conference contribution

Abstract: This article introduces the use of the GNSS method for the load testings of bridge structures. We know that there area lot of methods by which you can determine vertical displacement. However, as new bridge constructions are constructed over almost impossible and inaccessible gorges and valleys, the classic measurements method do not allow us to determine vertical displacement so reliably any more or they are very time-consuming. The GNSS method is well known but there are difficulties when determining the altitude component of this method, which is rather questionable. For this purpose, the methods were tested as practical examples in which some difficulties were encountered, so subsequently another test recording was performed of altitude changes using this method.
Keywords: bridges, measurements, strain gauge, load test, deformation, strain, signal processing
Published: 29.08.2016; Views: 632; Downloads: 208
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3.
Deformation analysis of bridges in exceptional transport in Slovenia
Rok Kamnik, Boštjan Kovačič, Andrej Štrukelj, 2010, short scientific article

Abstract: In August 1999 an exceptional transportation of two steamers of 666 tonnes was performed from the Port of Koper to the Nuclear power plant in Krško. The transport covered a distance of about 200km and represented one of the largest exceptional transports in Slovenia ever. Finding the best route represented one of the major issues, because the steamers had to cross more than 50 problematic sections and bridges, most of which have not been designed for such heavy loads. It was necessary to load-test almost all bridges on the route to determine whether those bridges need any extra supports or not. Consequently, a logistic operator has an important and indispensable role and becomes a co-modeller of logistic service. A deformation analysis or a polynomial interpolation of vertical displacements could also be used. Therefore, a laboratory load test of a concrete plate was made. The concrete plate was loaded with hydraulic cylinder PZ 100 with extensiometer up to 21kN. Every increase of load by 3kN was measured with Nikon Ser 800 total station.
Keywords: deformation analysis, exceptional transport, bridges, Slovenia
Published: 01.06.2017; Views: 380; Downloads: 42
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4.
The different methods of displacement monitoring at loading tests of bridges or different structures
Boštjan Kovačič, Rok Kamnik, Andrii Bieliatynskyi, 2016, published scientific conference contribution

Abstract: By measuring the displacements and deformations at different structures we deal in the Faculty of Civil Engineering, transportation Engineering and Architecture in University of Maribor for about 20 years. At that time we measured over 600 structures. Most loading tests of bridges and Viaducts were made. The measurements of movements needed to be as precise and accurate as possible. To do that laboratory test of instruments were made to see which instrument gives us reliable results. Displacements can be determined by geodetic and physical methods, depends of the construction. The use of geodetic methods are still preferable. In the paper the measurements with the total station, the level and rotation level, photogrammetry and solutions on the field by physical methods with inductive transducers are presented. We need to measure displacements as quick as possible but efficiently because we can not repeat the measurements under the same conditions. Also the surveying on the bridge and in the lab with the comparison of methods is presented under the different hard terrain conditions - water beneath the construction, big height of the structure, unapproachability, large span structures.
Keywords: bridges, measurements, strain gauge, load test, deformation, strain, signal processing
Published: 02.08.2017; Views: 389; Downloads: 171
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5.
The assesment of pile shaft resistance based on axial strain measurements during the loading test
Andrej Štrukelj, Stanislav Škrabl, Ksenija Štern, Janko Logar, 2005, original scientific article

Abstract: Near Maribor, a new bridge over the Drava river is being under construction. Before the main works actually started, static and dynamic loading tests of piles were performed. The goal of the static loading test was to determine the bearing capacitiy of the test pile. It was also interesting to determine the share of the axial load distributed on the shaft and pile toe. In order to measure the distribution of the axial force along the pile, a specially made steel canal was built in the pile before concreting. Inside this canal the strain gauges were distributed evenly at the distance of one meter. The strains were measured for each loading phase in all measuring points. The distribution of the axial force was assessed from the obtained results and based on the distribution of the axial force the shaft resistance could be determined. The unexpectedly high bearing capacity of the pile shaft made the obtained results highly interesting. In this paper, measuring methods and measuring results are discussed. Behaviour of the pile and the soil during the loading test were also modelled by axial symmetric and three dimensional models. The calculated and measured results show a very good agreement.
Keywords: civil engineering, bridges, soil mechanics, pile shaft resistance, loading test, strain measurements, elastoplastic soil modelling, finite element method
Published: 16.05.2018; Views: 374; Downloads: 24
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6.
Raziskava buildingSMART IFC Bridge in evalvacija AllPlan Bridge na primeru informacijskega modela mostu Marija Gradec
Sebastijan Kelc, 2019, master's thesis

Abstract: V magistrskem delu je predstavljen projekt buildingSMART IFC Bridge, katerega rezultat je podatkovna shema IFC 4x2 Draft1. Osredotočili smo se na konceptualne sklope za mostove in preverili skladnost funkcionalnosti aplikacij Allplan in Allplan Bridge s shemo. V ta namen je bil izdelan informacijski model mostu M1 v Marija Gradcu. V zaključnem delu magistrske naloge so predstavljeni predlogi za izboljšave aplikacij Allplan Bridge in Allplan.
Keywords: IFC Bridge, bridges, Allplan Bridge, parametric modelling
Published: 11.10.2019; Views: 147; Downloads: 47
.pdf Full text (4,71 MB)

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