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1.
The perceived value of college education and experience to police work in Slovenia
Jason Rydberg, Mahesh Nalla, Gorazd Meško, 2010, original scientific article

Abstract: Purpose: This paper examines the distribution of officer demographic characteristics on dispositions across the perceived value of both college education and experience to police work in the post-independent Slovenia. Design/Methods/Approach: Using the responses of 995 Slovenian police officers, the present analysis utilizes bivariate tests of significance to examine how characteristics such as education level, experience, and occupational role are related to the perceived value of college education and experience to police work. Findings: Overall, the officers in the sample perceived experience to be far more beneficial to their work than college education. In terms of specific officer characteristics, college educated officers and female officers perceived college education to be beneficial to their work, relative to high school educated, male colleagues. In terms of experience, less experienced officers, younger officers, and those with lower salaries perceived experience to be more beneficial than their more experienced, older, well-compensated counterparts. There were also differences among occupational groups, with patrol officers finding experience more beneficial. Research limitations/implications: Given that the data were not drawn from a study specifically focused on the perceived benefits of education or experience, the dependent measures could be improved. Originality/Value: Though much research in the United States has sought to examine the effect of gaining a college education on police attitudes and behaviors, little research has examined the extent to which police officers themselves perceive college education and experience to be beneficial to their work, particularly in Eastern Europe.
Keywords: Slovenia Police, college education, experience, police attitudes
Published: 12.05.2020; Views: 352; Downloads: 7
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2.
Specific roles and responsibilities of the police in victim assistance
Irma Kovčo Vukadin, Renato Matić, 2011, original scientific article

Abstract: Purpose: The purpose of this research was to assess police officers’ views and their current practice in dealing with victims and to test differences in their attitudes regarding their gender, personal experience of victimization and years of professional experience. Design/Methods/Approach: A questionnaire based on the UN Declaration of Basic Principles of Justice for Victims of Crime and Abuse of Power was applied to two generations of police officers (N=155), who attended the victimology course. Descriptive statistics, discriminant analysis and chi-square test were used. Findings: Police officers mostly agree with good standards in treating victims’ rights. Discriminant analysis revealed no significant difference regarding police officers’ gender and personal experience of victimisation. Chi-square test revealed differences regarding years of professional experience in 3 of 31 analyzed items. Research limitations: The results are not generalizable since convenient sample was used. Another question to be considered is police officers’ attendance of the victimology course (although the questionnaire was carried out on the first class of students), which might lead police officers into giving socially desirable answers. Practical implications: This research gives valuable information to police strategic structures regarding the evaluation of the current practice and the creation of protocols and education programs. Originality/Value: This is the first research on this topic in Croatia. It gives insight into police officers’ views, and their current practice in treating victims.
Keywords: police officers, crime victims, attitudes, social expectations
Published: 04.05.2020; Views: 252; Downloads: 10
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3.
Slovene teachers' attitudes of arts and cultural education in primary school
Olga Denac, Barbara Sicherl-Kafol, Branka Čagran, 2011, original scientific article

Abstract: Primary school teachers (342 in total) from all over Slovenia were questioned on their attitude towards arts and cultural education. The results of the study show that the teachers were most unanimous in regard to the importance of team planning in educational work in the field of the arts and the importance of cultural education for the life of an individual and society; this was followed by measures for raising the quality of arts and cultural education in primary school and the content of teacher training programs. Statistically significant differences in the teachers’ attitudes occurred with respect to their age and teaching position (class teacher and subject teacher). Unlike their younger colleagues and subject teachers, older teachers and class teachers expressed a more positive view of arts and cultural education.
Keywords: art education, cultural education, primary school, teachers' attitudes
Published: 19.12.2017; Views: 580; Downloads: 46
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4.
Secondary school students' perspectives on and attitudes towards laboratory work in biology
Andrej Šorgo, Andreja Špernjak, 2009, original scientific article

Abstract: Interest in Biology among secondary school students in Slovenia is dropping from year to year. 1,046 secondary school students were surveyed about their preferred number of group mates in the laboratory, their attitudes towards and positive and negative views of laboratory work in Biology. From the students' perspective, the preferred way of teaching biology would be a mixture of interesting lectures and laboratory activities where they would have the opportunity to find solutions to the problems on their own through work in small groups. This is in direct opposition to prevailing teaching practice, where lectures are the dominant way of teaching. To overcome the loss of interest in Biology among students, action is needed immediately. Bridging the gap between students' perspectives on and opinions-about good teaching practice and actual teaching practice should follow three tracks: the first one involves changes to the syllabus in such a way that less is more; the second one requires rewriting of manuals and textbooks, and the third is a change in the teaching practice of individual teachers. If for the first two teachers can find the excuse that this is outside their sphere of competence, there can be no excuse for avoiding immediate changes in teaching techniques.
Keywords: education, biology, secondary education, attitudes, laboratory work, students
Published: 19.12.2017; Views: 735; Downloads: 79
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5.
Development of the research tool to identify factors affecting the use of chemistry educational software
Kateřina Chroustová, Martin Bílek, Andrej Šorgo, 2015, original scientific article

Abstract: Currently, the implementation of information and communication technologies (ICT) has been strongly recommended to science teachers. For identification the factors of successful ICT implementation the Unified Theory of Use and Acceptance of Technology (UTAUT) is applied, which works as the theoretical background of planned monitoring of Czech chemistry teachers´ attitudes to this problem. This theoretical review introduces the process of creating the modified UTAUT model serving as the basis for a research tool to be exploited for the future survey. Within this process three sources were exploited: (1) theories dealing with factors which influence user behaviour in relation to the use of modern technologies, (2) the analysis of research results focused on the acceptance and use of ICT in chemistry instruction and (3) results of researches conducted by the authors in the field of the effectiveness of the educational software used in chemistry teaching and learning. The conducted analysis of these three sources resulted in defining the presented survey and designing the appropriate theoretical model and research tool.
Keywords: education, chemistry education, educational software, teachers' attitudes
Published: 15.12.2017; Views: 430; Downloads: 61
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6.
Who says they don't read? Slovene elementary school students' reading motivation in EFL
Anja Pirih, 2015, original scientific article

Abstract: A typical (Slovene) teenager today no longer finds reading materials on the book shelves in the local library, but forms a reading list of electronic sources, very often in English. However, in contrast with an abundance of studies focusing on first language (L1) reading strategies and motivation, not a lot of literature can be found on reading motivation in a foreign language, even though it is perceived as one of the most important factors influencing second language (L2) development. The aim of this research is to determine the influences on reading motivation in English as a foreign language in the group of young teenagers (11-14-year-olds) and a possible transfer of L1 reading attitudes to L2 reading. The theoretical framework relies on Wigfield and Guthrie's (1997) self-efficacy theory and Day and Bamford's (1998) expectancy value model. The data obtained from 197 questionnaires give an insight into not only the frequency of reading in English and the type of reading materials, but also the factors influencing teenagers' reading motivation in EFL.
Keywords: reading motivation, elementary school learners, transfer of reading attitudes
Published: 12.10.2017; Views: 571; Downloads: 107
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7.
Students' attitudes towards their EFL lessons and teachers
Mojca Žefran, 2015, original scientific article

Abstract: The article investigates attitudes towards English as a foreign language (EFL) by focusing on retrospective accounts of higher-education students' experience with learning English. The first part looks at individual factors affecting foreign language (FL) learning, such as attitudes towards FL learning and FL anxiety. The second part presents the results of a study conducted among students of the Faculty of Health Sciences at the University of Primorska. The main aim of the study was to identify students' attitudes towards their past EFL lessons and teachers and students' FL anxiety level. The results show that anxiety is a serious problem and that students exhibit alarmingly negative attitudes towards EFL lessons and teachers.
Keywords: learning anxiety, foreign language anxiety, attitudes towards foreign language instruction, attitudes towards EFL teachers, English language
Published: 03.10.2017; Views: 589; Downloads: 83
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8.
Pre-service teachers' attitude towards learning and teaching English to young learners
Silva Bratož, 2015, original scientific article

Abstract: Considerable attention has recently been invested into researching the influence of affective variables, such as attitudes and motivation on foreign language learning and teaching. The topic is timely and relevant especially at the time when English is being introduced as an obligatory subject in the first cycle of primary school in Slovenia. Two key issues are addressed: attitudes towards learning and teaching English as a foreign language and the profile of the young learners' language teacher. The article presents the results of a small-scale research conducted with a group of primary education students on their attitudes towards learning and teaching English. The results suggest that trainee teachers have moderately positive attitudes towards learning English but diverse attitudes towards teaching a foreign language.
Keywords: English as a foreign language, pre-service teachers, attitudes, motivation, young language learners
Published: 22.09.2017; Views: 448; Downloads: 77
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9.
Ethics in public administration
Zlatko Nedelko, Vojko Potočan, 2013, original scientific article

Abstract: The main purpose of this paper is to examine how employeesʼ personal ethics, expressed through their personal values and attitudes toward social and environmental issues, are associated with the ethics of organizations in public administration. The authors introduce their own theoretical model that examines the relations between employeesʼ personal ethics - expressed through employeesʼ personal values and attitudes toward natural and social environments - and the ethics of public administration. The reported study examined these relations and tested a proposed model based on the answers of 212 employees from public administration organizations in Slovenia. Employeesʼ attitudes toward natural and social environments and the ethics of their organizations were measured using a questionnaire designed to measure aspects of ethics whereas personal values were measured using the Schwartz value survey. The results demonstrated that employeesʼ self-enhancing values significantly influence their attitudes toward the natural environment. Employeesʼ self-transcendence and self-enhancement values significantly influence their attitudes toward the social environment and the ethics of organizations. In addition, research results about the mediation effect of employeesʼ attitudes toward natural and social environments on the association between the employeesʼ personal values and their perception of the ethics of public administration organizations reveals that employeesʼ social attitudes have a significant impact on the ethics of public administration while the impact of self-transcending and self-enhancing values becomes insignificant. Based on results of testing our model we can conclude that the employeeʼs attitudes toward to the social environment represent a significantly more powerful predictor of ethics in public administration organizations than the employeesʼ personal values. These results present a solid basis for further theoretical and practical advancement of public administration ethics.
Keywords: attitudes, ethics, natural environment, public administration, Slovenia, social environment, values
Published: 14.07.2017; Views: 556; Downloads: 254
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10.
The language in British and Slovene football anthems
Agata Križan, 2016, original scientific article

Abstract: Football is probably the world's most popular game, with a huge number of fans. There are numerous ways in which football fans express dedication to their club and the feelings they have for their team, for example, wearing certain colours, waving banners and flags, and singing. Football anthems are nothing new for football fans, and many clubs have a long-established tradition of them. In this paper, I will address and compare the language in some popular British and Slovene football anthems, and attempt to explain its contribution to the creation of fan identity, to the fans' sense of belonging, unity, and motivation. The linguistic analysis identities the linguistic resources used in football anthems to express attitudes, form bonds and create identities.
Keywords: attitudes, football anthems, linguistic analyses, linguistic resources, identity
Published: 16.05.2017; Views: 545; Downloads: 290
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