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Attachment in close relationships and glycemic outcomes in children with type 1 diabetes
Simona Klemenčič, Jasna Klara Lipovšek, Anja Turin, Klemen Dovč, Nataša Bratina, Yael Shmueli-Goetz, Katarina Trebušak Podkrajšek, Barbka Repič-Lampret, Barbara Jenko Bizjan, Sašo Karakatič, Tadej Battelino, Maja Drobnič Radobuljac, 2023, original scientific article

Abstract: Background: Our aim was to determine whether child attachment to parents, parent attachment style, and morning cortisol levels were related to diabetes outcomes measured by average glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c), HbA1c variability over 4 years and time in range (TIR) in children with type 1 diabetes (T1D). Research design and methods: 101 children with T1D and one of their parents were assessed at baseline for child attachment (Child Attachment Interview; CAI) and parent attachment (Relationship Structures Questionnaire; ECR-RS). Serum samples were collected for cortisol measurements before the interviews. HbA1c levels were measured during a 4-year follow-up period at regular 3-monthly visits, and data for TIR were exported from blood glucose measuring devices. Multivariate linear regression models were constructed to identify independent predictors of glycemic outcomes. Results: More girls than boys exhibited secure attachment to their mothers. The results of the regression models showed that securely attached girls (CAI) had higher average HbA1c than did insecurely attached girls (B = -0.64, p = 0.03). In boys, the more insecure the parent's attachment style, the worse the child's glycemic outcome: the higher the average Hb1Ac (B = 0.51, p = 0.005), the higher the HbA1c variability (B = 0.017, p = 0.011), and the lower the TIR (B = -8.543, p = 0.002). Conclusions: Attachment in close relationships is associated with glycemic outcomes in children with T1D, and we observed significant differences between sexes. A sex- and attachment-specific approach is recommended when treating children with less favorable glycemic outcomes. Special attention and tailored support should be offered to securely attached girls in transferring responsibility for diabetes care and at least to male children of insecurely attached parents to prevent suboptimal glycemic control. Further studies in larger samples and more daily cortisol measurements may help us better understand the links between stress response, attachment and T1D.
Keywords: attachment, childhood and adolescence, cortisol, diabetes control, time in range
Published in DKUM: 21.05.2024; Views: 65; Downloads: 1
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Program medijskega opismenjevanja učencev (10-15 let) Republike Hrvaške
Glorija Grbavac, 2018, master's thesis

Abstract: Delo opisuje medijsko pismenost kot ključni del informacijske pismenosti, ki igra pomembno vlogo pri oblikovanju človeških sposobnosti – od kognitivnih do čustvenih. Zaradi svoje pomembnosti je bil zaradi priznanja slovenskega programa in priporočil Evropske komisije, Unesca in Unicefa pripravljen predlog za program medijske pismenosti, ki bi ga bilo dobro izvesti v Republiki Hrvaški, kjer še vedno ni obveznega programa medijske pedagogike. Predlog programa vključuje učence mesta Zagreb osnovnošolske stopnje izobrazbe, in sicer od četrtega do osmega razreda. Moduli, ki jih vsebuje programski predlog, so povezani z mediji in s socializacijo (modul 1), z etiko (modul 2) in s praktično delno medijsko analizo (modul 3). Module bo izvedli z didaktičnim pristopom strokovnjaki za medicino in informacijsko-komunikacijsko tehnologijo. Da bi zagotovili udeležbo v programu, je izvedba programa popolnoma brezplačna; sofinancira jo organizator. S takšno potezo želimo javnost in vlado Republike Hrvaške opozoriti na pomen medijske pismenosti in nevarnosti, ki jih lahko ima, če ni del obveznega izobraževalnega programa. Nazadnje program predvideva povečanje zaposlenosti kot konec trenda »beg možganov«.
Keywords: mediji, pismenost, adolescence, izobraževanje, zaposlovanje
Published in DKUM: 22.11.2018; Views: 1095; Downloads: 119
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High-school Students' Use of Fantasy and Science Fiction Reading for Escapism
Janja Papac, 2017, master's thesis

Abstract: The thesis “High-school Students’ Use of Fantasy and Science Fiction Reading for Escapism” encompasses findings connected to adolescence and young adult literature. We present the emotional, cognitive and social characteristics of adolescence. We take a look at the influence that childhood traumas and defense mechanisms may have on adolescents. We also present findings connected to escapism and reading therapy. The genres from the title – fantasy and science fiction - are described, as well as their history. We also described fairytales and folktales. We took a closer look at the Harry Potter book series and the opinion some critics have about its influence on youth, as well as some well-known fairytales children can identify with. In the empirical part, we presented the results of a survey created to examine the reading habits and motivation of high-school students. We found that high-school students’ general satisfaction with life does not greatly influence their choice of reading materials.
Keywords: high-school students, adolescence, literature, fantasy, science fiction, fairytales, escapism, reading therapy
Published in DKUM: 13.10.2017; Views: 1574; Downloads: 192
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Social isolation during puberty affects female sexual behavior in mice
Jasmina Kerčmar, Stuart Tobet, Gregor Majdič, 2014, original scientific article

Abstract: Exposure to stress during puberty can lead to long-term behavioral alterations in adult rodents coincident with sex steroid hormone-dependent brain remodeling and reorganization. Social isolation is a stress for social animals like mice, but little is known about the effects of such stress during adolescence on later reproductive behaviors. The present study examined sexual behavior of ovariectomized, estradiol and progesterone primed female mice that were individually housed from 25 days of age until testing at approximately 95 days, or individually housed from day 25 until day 60 (during puberty), followed by housing in social groups. Mice in these isolated groups were compared to females that were group housed throughout the experiment. Receptive sexual behaviors of females and behaviors of stimulus males were recorded. Females housed in social groups displayed greater levels of receptive behaviors in comparison to both socially isolated groups. Namely, social females had higher lordosis quotients (LQs) and more often displayed stronger lordosis postures in comparison to isolated females. No differences between female groups were observed in stimulus male sexual behavior suggesting that female “attractiveness” was not affected by their social isolation. Females housed in social groups had fewer cells containing immunoreactive estrogen receptor (ER) α in the anteroventral periventricular nucleus (AVPV) and in the ventromedial nucleus of the hypothalamus (VMH) than both isolated groups. These results suggest that isolation during adolescence affects female sexual behavior and re-socialization for 1 month in adulthood is insufficient to rescue lordosis behavior from the effects of social isolation during the pubertal period.
Keywords: mice, social isolation, female sexual behavior, estrogen receptor α, puberty, adolescence
Published in DKUM: 10.07.2017; Views: 1418; Downloads: 447
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Possible consequences of student's relationship to parents and to school
Majda Pšunder, Antonija Milivojević Krajnčič, 2009, original scientific article

Abstract: This research work is dealing with the different behaviour of the young, adolescent people and their perception of the relationship with their parents and their attitude towards school in the time of their early adolescence. Research work is answering the questions connected with the relationship with the parents, attitude towards school as well as the behaviour deviation of adolescents (youth). The research is based on claim that teenager's relationship with his mother and father have an important influence on his/her behavior, especially on the conflicts with the environment. Opačič (1995) argues that the relationship between parents, the environment and the teenagers is not so important. Therefore, we were interested in teenagers' attitudes towards their relationships that they have with their parents. The following dimensions of a relationship were emphasized (observed in greater detail): control, punishment, intimacy and carelessness on the side of the parents. Through those dimensions we could show the teenager's comprehension of the relationship they have with their parents and/or mother and father's comprehension of the relationship in the early phase of adolescence. He stresses (emphasizes) their attitude (perception of) towards such relationships. Some quantity research procedures are used in this research work. There are four different non-standardized questionnaires: The frequency of the behaviour deviation, A relationship with a mother, A relationship with a father, A conflict situations with parents connected with different conversation themes, An attitude towards school. The study relies on descriptive and causal-non-experimental methods of empirical pedagogical research. The research includes an accidental sample of the pupils attending 7th and 9th class of the Primary school in Maribor in the school year 2007 (n=300).Istraživanje se bavi odstupanjem u ponašanju maloljetnih osoba i njihovom percepcijom odnosa sa roditeljima, te odnosa prema školi u periodu rane adolescencije. Temelji se na uvjerenju da odnosi maloljetnika s majkom i ocem bitno utječu na njihovo socijalno ponašanje, a posebno na konflikte sa okolinom. Opačič (1995) je ustanovio da nije važno, kako se roditelji i okolina ponašaju u odnosu prema njima, nego kako maloljetnici vide (percipiraju) te odnose. Zato nas je prije svega zanimalo, kako maloljetnici vide odnose s roditeljima naglašavajući slijedeće dimenzije odnosa: kontrola, kažnjavanje, intimnost (blizina), zanemarivanje od strane roditelja. Pomoću tih dimenzija željeli smo osvijetliti maloljetnikovo doživljavanje odnosno viđenje odnosa sa strane majke i oca u periodu rane adolescencije. U istraživanju su korišteni kvantitativni istraživački postupci, upotrijebljeni instrument mjerenja obuhvaćaju četiri nestandardizirana anketna upitnika: Čestoća odstupanja u ponašanju, Odnos s majkom, Odnos s ocem, Konflikt s roditeljima u vezi različitih temam razgovora, Odnos prema školi. Koristili smo deskriptivnu i kauzalnu-neeksperimentalnu metodu empirijskog pedagoškog istraživanja. Istraživanje uključuje slučajni uzorak učenika, koji su školske godine 2007. pohađali 7. i 9. razred osnovne škole općine Maribor (n=300).
Keywords: early adolescence, behaviour, attitude towards school, conflicts
Published in DKUM: 07.06.2012; Views: 1766; Downloads: 30
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