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1.
General Features of Public Law - Slovenian Perspectives
Bojan Tičar, Maša Tičar, 2024, scientific monograph

Abstract: This book is intended is to be used as an aid in understanding general features of public law from Slovenian perspective. The book has three parts. The first chapter deals with the state, its essential elements,and the various types of states, taking into consideration a range of different criteria. The second chapter introduces the basic constituent parts of the law and the forms of legal order in which these parts are vertically and horizontally incorporated. The terms are sometimes simplified in order to bring law and an understanding of it closer to readers who are not professional lawyers.The third chapter is devoted to defining basic terms of administrative and civil service law. Administrative law consists primarily of the legal norms which regulate the foundations of the organisation of the state and local communities. The last part of this chapter is devoted to civil servants and public salery system.
Keywords: state, public law, administrative law, civil servants, public salaries
Published in DKUM: 21.02.2024; Views: 187; Downloads: 13
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2.
Effects of media coverage on budget transparency in Croatian local administrative units
Ivana Rukavina, 2023, original scientific article

Abstract: This paper evaluates positive and negative media coverage of online local budget transparency (OLBT) and its impact on budget transparency in Croatian local administrative units in 2018. Using multinomial logistic regression, research confirmed a strong impact of media coverage on budget transparency. Positive media coverage of OLBT increases the probability that local administrative units will attain a higher level of transparency, while negative media coverage is accompanied by a higher likelihood of local units’ retention in the lower transparency range. The implications of these findings are clearly emphasized through a deeper understanding of the role of the media in public sector economics, precisely in the context of budget transparency. This study contributes to public sector literature by identifying the effects of positive and negative media coverage on budget transparency.
Keywords: fiscal transparency, budget transparency, local administrative units, media coverage, Croatia
Published in DKUM: 05.09.2023; Views: 139; Downloads: 4
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3.
Analysis of legal powers of municipal wardens they possess to ensure safety at the local level
Bojan Tičar, 2021, review article

Abstract: Purpose: This article is primarily intended for students and other professionals at the Faculty of Criminal Justice and Security of the University of Maribor to familiarise themselves with the Slovenian regulation in the field of criminal justice and security. The article presents safety powers of municipal wardens from the perspective of the applicable Slovenian law. Readers may learn how the Slovenian legal system works at the local level, what general legal acts provide a basis for municipal wardens’ actions and what are legal rules for their application. Methods: The article is a scientific review based on grammatical and dogmatic interpretation of applicable legal regulations and selected decisions of the Constitutional Court of the Republic of Slovenia, and on an analytical method (de lege lata) of the review of the Slovenian legislation in the field in question. The legal methods used by the author also include a synthetic method of comparing the legislation from the underlying Municipal Warden Services Act (»Zakon o občinskem redarstvu« [ZORed], 2006) and its main amendments set out in the Act Amending the Municipal Warden Services Act (»Zakon o spremembah in dopolnitvah Zakona o občinskem redarstvu« [ZORed-A], 2017). Findings: The paper is a comprehensive review of measures that municipal wardens may use to ensure safety at the local level. The author lists the relevant scientific and professional literature and argues about polemic issues with other prominent Slovenian authors dealing with the field in question, i.e., legal powers of municipal wardens. He mainly refers to the works of authors, such as Meško, Žaberl, Dvojmoč, Lavtar, Kečanović, Gostič, Brezovnik, Grafenauer, and Flander. Limitations/Implications: Due to the limited length of the article the overview of the municipal wardens’ powers covers essential legal concepts. The author’s intention is to introduce to the Slovenian or foreign readers the complex notions from the Slovenian legal system, sometimes in a non-technical way since the readers will be both from the field of law and from the field of criminal justice and security. Practical Implications: The article has practical application for domestic and foreign experts wishing to gain knowledge of the Slovenian regulation relating to safety at the local level. Definitions are correct and up-to-date and contribute, therefore, to boosting the knowledge in this field. The article contains a further overview of terms to broaden the understanding of the legal categorical apparatus in local safety and security. Originality/Value: This is a review article and therefore its originality is limited since the author does not provide any new scientific information. Rather, he summarises, through a scientific legal analysis, what is already known. The original value of the article lies in the way the author puts the legal and repressive measures of municipal wardens in a readable and easy-to-understand context so that readers can remember them easily. The definitions of terms used in the article are useful and will be helpful to many readers in their future study or research.
Keywords: local safety and security, municipal and inter-municipal warden services, measures and powers of municipal wardens, right to security, Slovenian administrative law
Published in DKUM: 26.01.2022; Views: 1010; Downloads: 37
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4.
Jurisdictional control in the sphere of public health protection in the Russian Federation
Sergey Victorovich Potapenko, Evgeniy Borisovich Luparev, 2020, original scientific article

Abstract: The article is devoted to the issues of mandatory judicial control over acts of subjects endowed with state powers in the field of medical activity. In particular, we consider the judicial and administrative practice of resolving administrative legal disputes in connection with instituting administrative action in the field of public health protection. The current Code of Administrative Judicial Procedure (CAJP) of the Russian Federation combines the legal procedures previously included in separate regulatory acts for judicial control in the mandatory treatment of people suffering from mental illness, the active form of tuberculosis, as well as other diseases, the list of which remains open.
Keywords: medical law, health protection, mandatory judicial control, medical legislation, administrative proceedings
Published in DKUM: 15.01.2021; Views: 694; Downloads: 24
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5.
Combating counterfeiting of medicines in the Republic of Belarus : legal analysis
Pavel Saschenko, 2017, original scientific article

Abstract: Counterfeiting of medicines constitutes as a threat to public health, which nowadays has a “pandemic character”. In this regard, the legislation of the Republic of Belarus should properly address the risks caused by counterfeited medicines. Being a member of several economic alliances aimed at simplifying turnover of goods, including medical products, Belarus needs to develop comprehensive preventive measures and provide effective and proportionate criminal and other sanctions for the commission of acts connected with counterfeiting of medicines. This article focuses on key factors which impact the development of Belorussian legislation. The main obstacles for effective international cooperation in criminal matters concerning turnover of counterfeit medicines are also explored. Amendments to legislation aimed at improving the effectiveness of combating counterfeiting of medicines will also be discussed.
Keywords: medicine, counterfeiting of medicines, crime, criminal liability, administrative liability, Belarus
Published in DKUM: 09.10.2018; Views: 1267; Downloads: 91
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6.
Principal space-related transformation processes demonstrated by maps of the Atlas of Eastern and Southeastern Europe
Peter Jordan, 2008, original scientific article

Abstract: The article highlights some principal transformation processes in the post-Communist transformation countries of Central and Southeast Europe. This comprises (1) environmental change, (2) growing spatial disparities, (3) democratic transformation with a focus on administrative decentralisation and (4) the consequences of a rise in national and ethnic consciousness. As its main source this article is based on the Atlas of Eastern and Southeastern Europe, edited as a thematic map series since 1989 by the author of this article.
Keywords: transformation, Central Europe, Southeast Europe, environment, spatial disparities, administrative decentralisation, national consciousness
Published in DKUM: 14.03.2018; Views: 1186; Downloads: 124
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7.
The management of complaints in Slovene public administration
Janez Stare, Barbara Gruden, Polonca Kovač, 2008, original scientific article

Abstract: The Slovene public administration is part of the broader social system, therefore it must be responsive and proactive. The instrument of complaint in the administrative procedure, and wider in the context of the entire administrative management, is very helpful to public administration for tracking social changes and should therefore be seen as a form of constructive criticism. On the basis of user complaints regarding its services or the parties to the administrative procedure, the public administration must learn permanently and, as learning organisation, must incorporate its findings into future practice. The starting point of this contribution is the problems of the complaint in the narrow sense - customer dissatisfaction with the functioning of the public administration or arising from the fact that one of the characteristics of the administrative procedure or other services is the direct contact between the customer and the provider of the service. With this approach, the public administration will develop part of an integral system of quality and excellence that underlines the meaning of satisfaction of (all) the users of public services.
Keywords: public administration, administrative procedure, administrative management, complaint, Slovenia, customers
Published in DKUM: 22.01.2018; Views: 1279; Downloads: 412
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8.
Corruption in public administration units and organizational measures to prevent and fight corruption
Andrejka Mevc, Milan Pagon, 2008, original scientific article

Abstract: This paper presents the results of a study that investigated the attitudes of civil servants in public administration units in Slovenia regarding corruption at work. The results show that civil servants employed in public administration units take corruption seriously. The employees' perceptions of corruption and their willingness to report the offender are closely connected to their opinion on how others - their colleagues - perceive it (i.e., how serious they find corruption and whether they are willing to report the offender). There are important gender differences regarding the perceptions of corruption, as well as differences in the function they have and their membership in organizational units. The authors conclude that it is necessary to develop and strengthen the feelings of the employees' security and increase the link between perceiving corruption and one's own judgment of the seriousness of corruptive behaviour, as well as to decrease the tolerance regarding corruption.
Keywords: administrative corruption, corruptive behaviour, code of silence, anticorruptive measures, offender, management, civil servant, public administration unit
Published in DKUM: 29.11.2017; Views: 1074; Downloads: 353
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9.
Slovenian Entrepreneurship Observatory 2002
Miroslav Rebernik, Dijana Močnik, Jožica Knez-Riedl, Karin Širec, Matej Rus, Polona Tominc, Tadej Krošlin, final research report

Abstract: Observatory provides an overview and analysis of the current situation in small and medium-sized enterprises in 2001. The situation in Slovenia was compared to that of SMEs in the European Union. In doing this, data gathered in the Observatory of European SMEs has been used, together with its basic methodology, which consists of three areas: standard topics included in the report every year, special in-depth studies chosen each year, and various other topics that may vary through time or represent a supplement to the existing relevant topics. The publication provides a standard review of Slovenian entrepreneurship in 2001 and a detailed description of tax incentives, administrative burdens for small and medium-sized enterprises in the area of recruitment and social responsibility of SMEs. The survey that was carried out was based on 1,153 analyzed responses, which were acquired by sending out 8,176 questionnaires. Study show that Slovenian small and medium-sized enterprises are more often involved in responsible social activities than European one, but also that almost half of small enterprises do not invest in research and development. Our research has also shown high administrative burdens faced by SMEs.
Keywords: Entrepreneurship, Business demography, Comparative analysis, Small and Medium-sized enterprises, Social responsibility, Administrative burdens
Published in DKUM: 18.01.2017; Views: 1390; Downloads: 186
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