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Empirical modeling of liquefied nitrogen cooling impact during machining Inconel 718
Matija Hriberšek, Lucijano Berus, Franci Pušavec, Simon Klančnik, 2020, original scientific article

Abstract: This paper explains liquefied nitrogen’s cooling ability on a nickel super alloy called Inconel 718. A set of experiments was performed where the Inconel 718 plate was cooled by a moving liquefied nitrogen nozzle with changing the input parameters. Based on the experimental data, the empirical model was designed by an adaptive neuro-fuzzy inference system (ANFIS) and optimized with the particle swarm optimization algorithm (PSO), with the aim to predict the cooling rate (temperature) of the used media. The research has shown that the velocity of the nozzle has a significant impact on its cooling ability, among other factors such as depth and distance. Conducted experimental results were used as a learning set for the ANFIS model’s construction and validated via k-fold cross-validation. Optimization of the ANFIS’s external input parameters was also performed with the particle swarm optimization algorithm. The best results achieved by the optimized ANFIS structure had test root mean squared error (test RMSE) = 0.2620, and test R$^2$ = 0.8585, proving the high modeling ability of the proposed method. The completed research contributes to knowledge of the field of defining liquefied nitrogen’s cooling ability, which has an impact on the surface characteristics of the machined parts.
Keywords: cryogenic machining, cooling impact, Inconel 718, machine learning, adaptive neuro-fuzzy inference system, particle swarm optimization
Published in DKUM: 14.07.2023; Views: 396; Downloads: 15
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New computational models for better predictions of the soil-compression index
Ahmet Demir, 2015, original scientific article

Abstract: The compression index is one of the important soil parameters that are essential for geotechnical designs. Because laboratory and in-situ tests for determining the compression index (Cc) value are laborious, time consuming and costly, empirical formulas based on soil parameters are commonly used. Over the years a number of empirical formulas have been proposed to relate the compressibility to other soil parameters, such as the natural water content, the liquid limit, the plasticity index, the specific gravity. These empirical formulas provide good results for a specific test set, but cannot accurately or reliably predict the compression index from various test sets. The other disadvantage is that they tend to use a single parameter to estimate the compression index (Cc), even though Cc exhibits spatial characteristics depending on several soil parameters. This study presents the potential for Genetic Expression Programming (GEP) and the Adaptive Neuro-Fuzzy (ANFIS) computing paradigm to predict the compression index from soil parameters such as the natural water content, the liquid limit, the plastic index, the specific gravity and the void ratio. A total of 299 data sets collected from the literature were used to develop the models. The performance of the models was comprehensively evaluated using several statistical verification tools. The predicted results showed that the GEP and ANFIS models provided fairly promising approaches to the prediction of the compression index of soils and could provide a better performance than the empirical formulas.
Keywords: compression index, statistical analysis, genetic expression programming, adaptive neuro-fuzzy, empirical equations
Published in DKUM: 14.06.2018; Views: 1369; Downloads: 80
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