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Requirements for establishing energy hubs : practical perspective
Mahmoud A. Hammad, Sara El Gazzar, Borut Jereb, Marjan Sternad, 2023, original scientific article

Abstract: The global economy has barely begun to recover from the effects of the COVID-19 pandemic, only to be thrown into a new crisis because of the Russian-Ukrainian war. The war exacerbated the energy problem by causing a shortage of energy supplies for the EU and other countries, affecting quality of life. As a result, establishing energy hubs for collecting, processing, storing, and transiting energy resources between producing and consuming countries has become imperative to manage energy supplies efficiently. However, previous studies have not yet addressed the requirements for setting up energy hubs from a practical point of view. Therefore, this paper investigates the requirements for the establishment of energy hubs, particularly for oil and gas, from a practical perspective. The researchers conducted 13 semi-structured interviews with different energy stakeholders. Using the SWOT analysis matrix tool, the findings assessed the current state of the global oil and gas market, and the main practical requirements for the establishment of energy hubs were identified, along with the elements for implementation. Furthermore, the article highlighted the most pressing practical issues confronting the establishment of energy centres. Finally, the paper laid out a comprehensive practical framework based on the industry practitioners’ views to help establish energy hubs. The framework provides a possible guide for countries to establish energy hubs based on the main requirements outlined in this study. It can also improve the diversity, flexibility, and security of energy supply, especially for countries that rely on sole suppliers, such as the EU.
Keywords: energy hubs, energy stakeholders, diversification of energy supplies, security and sustainability of energy supply, European Union countries, Russian-Ukrainian war
Published in DKUM: 19.04.2024; Views: 210; Downloads: 2
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Trial by jury in Russia : from the cornerstone of the judicial reform to the constitutional history artifact
Anna Gurinskaya, 2015, original scientific article

Abstract: Purpose: The article explores the process of gradual legislative encroachment on the constitutional right to be tried by jury in Russia that had started in 2008 when offenders accused of committing terrorist crimes were denied the right to opt for the jury. The objective is to show how the initial use of the security argument made possible further limitations of this right. Design/Methods/Approach: The research is based upon qualitative analysis of documents (drafts of legal bills, explanatory notes to the drafts, minutes of the Parliamentary hearings), decisions of the Constitutional Court of the Russian Federation and judges’ dissenting opinions, statements of public officials, media reports. Findings: Jury trial that was once a cornerstone of the major judicial reform of the 1990-ies risks becoming a constitutional history artifact. The process of its curtailment came as a result of the inability of this institute to get adjusted to the realities of the Russian criminal process as well as of the need of the state to meet the challenges of the risk society. It is argued that the use of security argument allowed for the initial bill aimed at limiting this right for terrorists to be adopted swiftly and without much debate. It also opened the window of opportunity for further limitation of this right that came under vague agenda of victims’ protection and case review system reform. The author demonstrates that decisions of the Constitutional Court of Russia have played a significant role in promoting limitations of jury trials. Practical Implications: The approach used in the article can be applied to researching other cases of limiting citizens’ rights in the name of security. Originality/Value: The article represents an attempt to provide empirical evidence of the ‘security paradoxes’ described in the security literature.
Keywords: trial by jury, comparative criminal justice, Russian criminal justice, security, human rights, fair trial
Published in DKUM: 16.04.2020; Views: 960; Downloads: 37
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Russian borrowings in the Volga German dialect in Russel County, Kansas
Maria Khramova, 2012, original scientific article

Abstract: The present paper is based on a field investigation of the Volga German community in Russell County, Kansas. It provides a short overview of linguistic research, conducted on Volga German dialects in Kansas, and further analyses a list of Russian borrowings that was compiled in Russell in 1913. This contribution also addresses the disputable etymology of some words and expressions and discusses the lexical items from the list of 1913 that were retained in the dialect. Analysis of additional sources shows that some words that are traditionally treated as Russian borrowings acquired on the Volga may have been part of speakers’ lexicon prior to emigration and could have been borrowed from other Slavic languages.
Keywords: Russian language, Volga German dialect, Kansas, borrowings, language contacts, dialectology
Published in DKUM: 13.02.2018; Views: 1018; Downloads: 154
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The challenges of translating culturally-specific elements : the case of Mikhail Bulgakov’s The Master and Margarita
Natalia Kaloh Vid, 2016, original scientific article

Abstract: Mikhail Bulgakov's novel The Master and Margarita, a highly complex and multi-levelled narrative, is a challenge for any translator. The emphasis in the current research is on the translation strategies used when translating culturally-specific elements, or historical realia, referred to as "Sovietisms," in three English translations of the novel by Glenny (1967), Pevear and Volokhonsky (1997) and Aplin (2008). Sovietisms refer to items characteristic of the Soviet discourse of the 1930s: word-formations of the non-standard "Soviet Russian." Bulgakov's language is sated with Soviet vocabulary, which refers to various cultural and socio-political elements of Soviet reality. Sovietisms occur at various levels (lexical, syntactic, stylistic and rhetorical) and should be carefully translated as a significant characteristic of Bulgakov's style. A complete domestication of Sovietisms may lead to a loss of a connotative meaning essential for understanding the context, while a foreignisation of these terms, which are most likely unknown to western readers, may disturb fluidity of reading and cause confusion. The purpose of this analysis, thus, is to illustrate the use of domesticating/foreignising strategies employed by Bulgakov's translators and to assess the translation choices. The comparative analysis employs the taxonomies suggested by Vlakhov and Florin (1995) and Vinay and Darbelnet (1958/1989) as the grounds for the case study.
Keywords: Russian literature, Soviet literature, literary translation, culture, discourse
Published in DKUM: 17.08.2017; Views: 1290; Downloads: 191
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Satirical speech and writing in Orwell's Animal farm
Ženja Hotko, 2011, undergraduate thesis

Abstract: The diploma thesis Satirical Speech and Writing in Orwell’s Animal Farm is a presentation of George Orwell’s life and how it affected his literary work. It dealt with and presented the reasons for the creation of the novel, Animal Farm. The aim was to present Orwell’s veiled criticism of the Soviet Union, especially the indirect attack on Stalinist communism. Speciality of the novel is that the characters are symbolically represented by the animals. The novel faced many rejections before it was published, therefore the aim was to present the reasons for its rejection and how it became successful. Orwell’s writing style is simple and the use of language is unsentimental. He developed the rules for writing which were applied in his work. The last chapter represents satire, where Orwell’s political satire is described. The chapter also deals with the examples and analysis of satirical speech and writing in Animal Farm.
Keywords: George Orwell, Animal Farm, animalism, Socialism, Russian Revolution, satire, satirical speech, political satire, irony, humour, bathos
Published in DKUM: 10.01.2012; Views: 3025; Downloads: 224
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