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Entrepreneurship for Sustainable Future : GEM Slovenia 2023, Executive Summary
Karin Širec, Polona Tominc, Katja Crnogaj, Matej Rus, Barbara Bradač Hojnik, 2024, higher education textbook

Abstract: The GEM survey offers an in-depth analysis of the various social, cultural, political, and economic factors that impact the entrepreneurial landscape and activities, serving as a comprehensive framework for understanding national and entrepreneurial conditions. These factors play a crucial role in shaping individuals' entrepreneurial decisions and the success of starting and operating businesses. Survey delivers unparalleled insights into a nation's entrepreneurial characteristics, surpassing the information available from traditional statistical sources. The study also explores individuals' and societies' attitudes towards entrepreneurship, alongside the aspirations and qualifications of people at different entrepreneurial stages. By examining these aspects across countries, GEM identifies key drivers and obstacles for entrepreneurship, enabling stakeholders to cultivate a supportive entrepreneurial ecosystem. The monograph also addresses the growing link between entrepreneurial endeavors and sustainable development. The research emphasizes the importance of sustainable development as an integral part of entrepreneurial thinking and action in Slovenia, which is key to promoting innovation, competitiveness and long-term prosperity in
Keywords: Global Entrepreneurship Monitor, entrepreneurship, early-stage entrepreneurial activity, economic development, entrepreneurship ecosystem, entrepreneurship policy, sustainable development
Published in DKUM: 14.05.2024; Views: 53; Downloads: 2
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The Influence of English on the Language of Croatian Influencers on YouTube, Instagram and TikTok Social Media : master's thesis
Ena Cilar, 2023, master's thesis

Abstract: The rapid spread of the English language, which is frequently referred to as a lingua franca, has had a significant impact on other languages and the peculiar language of computer-mediated communication. What is more, the Internet, social media and digital influencers are the key agents of both language change and changes in the modern society. Due to the globally growing popularity of social media influencers, the purpose of this thesis is to explore the ways in which their language use is affected by the globality of English, with a focus on Croatian influencers. Therefore, data for this paper are drawn from altogether 270 social media posts published by the eight most successful Croatian influencers on YouTube, Instagram and TikTok. The research methods include linguistic, thematic and content analysis. The results reveal that the use of ‘ad hoc loanwords’ and intra-sentential code-switching are more common among Croatian influencers in comparison with outdated Anglicisms and inter-sentential code-switching. While the most frequently used loanwords among Croatian influencers belong to the categories of cyberculture and popular culture, the use of loanwords belonging to particular semantic fields is not strongly related to their thematic content categories. The importance and originality of this thesis are that it is the first study to provide new insights into the language use of Croatian influencers in relation with English as a global and leading online language. However, due to practical constraints, it is limited in terms of the research sample size and generalizability, which offers implications for further research.
Keywords: English as a global language, influence of English on Croatian, Croatian social media influencers, computer-mediated communication, loanwords, code-switching
Published in DKUM: 04.01.2024; Views: 351; Downloads: 35
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A company’s carbon footprint and sustainable development
Jure Gramc, Rok Stropnik, Mitja Mori, 2022, original scientific article

Abstract: Climate changes are already here. And they will get much worse in time. The main reason for global warming is GHG emissions from anthropological sources. That includes transportation, industry, electricity production, agriculture, and others. The European Union has introduced a new Green Deal as an answer to climate change. The European Green Deal puts more pressure on companies to mitigate their carbon footprint and implement sustainable development. One of the basic steps in the analysis of the environmental profile of a company is the identification of hot spots by using the carbon footprint methodology. The workflow of the carbon footprint calculation follows GHG Protocol standardised methodology. The calculation was made for a medium-sized company in the plastics industry. For all GHG emission sources, hot spots were identified and analysed. Based on the hot spots, sensitivity analysis for different pre-defined scenarios has been made, which are aligned with the company’s mid- and long-term sustainability goals. The three main hot spots of the company within scopes 1 and 2 are purchased heat, purchased electricity, and combustion of fuels in company vehicles. GHG emissions of heat and electricity are dependent on their distributor and their electricity and heat sources. The hot spot of scope 3 is purchased goods, especially plastic granulate. In the study, we focus only on scope 1 and scope 2.
Keywords: carbon footprint, sustainable development, environmental impacts, GHG Protocol, greenhouse gas emissions, global warming, sensitivity analysis
Published in DKUM: 30.10.2023; Views: 389; Downloads: 9
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Growth of entrepreneurial opportunities : GEM Slovenia 2017
Miroslav Rebernik, Polona Tominc, Katja Crnogaj, Barbara Bradač Hojnik, Matej Rus, Karin Širec, 2018, scientific monograph

Abstract: The scientific monograph comprises results of the Slovenian part of the largest global research project on entrepreneurship Global Entrepreneurship Monitor – GEM, which has completed its 19th cycle in 2017. GEM was established in order to (1) measure the differences regarding the relationship towards entrepreneurship, activities and aspirations of individuals in as many countries as possible, (2) uncover factors that encourage or hinder entrepreneurial activities, especially related to societal values, personal attributes and the entrepreneurship ecosystem, (3) provide a platform for assessing the extent to which entrepreneurial activity influences economic growth within individual economies and (4) uncover policy measures for the purpose of enhancing entrepreneurial capacity in an economy. The research helps to better understand the attitude of the society towards entrepreneurship and individual capabilities, among which are the perception of their own abilities for entrepreneurial activities, the ability to perceive opportunities, entrepreneurial intentions and fear of failure. As GEM monitors entrepreneurial activity throughout the phases of the life cycle (nascent, new businesses and established businesses, discontinuation), according to impact (high growth, innovation, internationalization) and by type (early-stage entrepreneurship activity, employee entrepreneurship activity), the picture is much richer than the one that is based only on data gathered from ordinary statistical databases.
Keywords: Global Entrepreneurship Monitor, entrepreneurship, early-stage entrepreneurial activity, economic development, entrepreneurship ecosystem
Published in DKUM: 02.08.2023; Views: 435; Downloads: 4
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The 100-digit challenge : algorithm jDE100
Janez Brest, Mirjam Sepesy Maučec, Borko Bošković, published scientific conference contribution

Abstract: Real parameter optimization problems are often very complex and computationally expensive. We can find such problems in engineering and scientific applications. In this paper, a new algorithm is proposed to tackle the 100-Digit Challenge. There are 10 functions representing 10 optimization problems, and the goal is to compute each function’s minimum value to 10 digits of accuracy. There is no limit on either time or the maximum number of function evaluations. The proposed algorithm is based on the self-adaptive differential evolution algorithm jDE. Our algorithm uses two populations and some other mechanisms when tackling the challenge. We provide the score for each function as required by the organizers of this challenge competition.
Keywords: differential evolution, optimization, global optimum, accuracy
Published in DKUM: 23.01.2023; Views: 429; Downloads: 15
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Priročnik za uvajanje standarda ifs global markets food v podjetja
Andreja Podnar, 2021, master's thesis

Abstract: Standard IFS Global Markets Food je sistem zagotavljanja varnih in kakovostnih živil. Z njegovo pridobitvijo kupci enotno ocenjujejo proizvajalce živilskih izdelkov. Glavni cilj magistrskega dela je bil ustvariti priročnik za uvajanje standarda IFS Global Markets Food in predstaviti prednosti, ki jih prinaša certificiranje podjetja s tem standardom. Magistrsko delo pomaga predvsem manjšim in slabše razvitim podjetjem, ki razmišljajo o uvedbi standarda IFS Global Markets Food v podjetje in imajo premalo predhodnega znanja ter tistim, katerih namen je v prihodnosti pridobiti certifikat IFS Food. V teoretičnem delu magistrskega dela so predstavljeni standard in njegove posamezne zahteve, prednosti ter postopek uvajanja omenjenega standarda. V eksperimentalnem delu je bil standard dodatno obrazložen s praktičnimi nasveti in vsebuje še anketni vprašalnik z razpravo rezultatov. S pomočjo anketnega vprašalnika smo potrdili hipotezo magistrskega dela, da pridobitev IFS Global Markets Food certifikata doprinese podjetjem večje zaupanje poslovnega partnerja, zmanjšajo se nevarni dejavniki tveganja v proizvodnji podjetja in da standard IFS Global Markets Food stroškovno in upravljavsko ne obremenjuje podjetja.
Keywords: IFS Global Markets Food, IFS, HACCP, varnost živil, živilska proizvodnja
Published in DKUM: 10.01.2022; Views: 926; Downloads: 127
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The use of Past Simple and Present Perfect Tense and common errors of students in 9th grade
Kaja Podgoršek, 2021, master's thesis

Abstract: In master's thesis entitled The Use of Past Simple and Present Perfect Tense and Common Errors of Students in 9th Grade theoretical part thoroughly presents English as a global language, language acquisition and language learning, teaching English as a foreign language, grammar and its correlation to education, deductive and inductive approach, the two tenses – Past Simple and Present Perfect and the most common errors in learning English grammar. The empirical part is based on a research where 100 9th graders from 6 different schools answered questions from a questionnaire regarding English tenses. With the help of questionnaire which had 9 tasks in total, we were able to examine and research to what extent do the Slovenian 9th graders know and successfully use Past Simple and Present Perfect. The questionnaire was created accordingly to the syllabus. The learners were the most successful when dealing with the theoretical part of the questionnaire. Even though they had some problem when choosing the correct tense when dealing with practical tasks, they had a higher success rate when dealing with the tasks that were theoretical. The learners from 9th grade achieved overall positive success rate in all tasks which means that they successfully know, recognize and properly use Past Simple and Present Perfect Tense.
Keywords: English tenses, Teaching English as a foreign language, Language learning, English grammar, English as a global language
Published in DKUM: 07.10.2021; Views: 1198; Downloads: 57
.pdf Full text (1,20 MB)

Entrepreneurship in a New Reality : GEM Slovenia 2020, Executive Summary
Miroslav Rebernik, 2021

Abstract: Entrepreneurship is the strongest driver of economic growth and development and has a very large impact on overall social development. The Global Entrepreneurship Monitor (GEM) has a history of 22 years of entrepreneurship research, with a special focus on the earliest stages, when business opportunities are perceived and individuals decide whether to engage in entrepreneurship. Their direct living environment, especially the prevailing cultural values, the company's tendency to entrepreneurship and the orderliness of the business environment, have a great influence on the involvement of individuals in entrepreneurial activities. Accordingly, the conceptual framework of GEM is set, which enables the treatment of individuals and their attitude towards entrepreneurship, perception of entrepreneurship and involvement in the establishment and / or ownership and management of a company. With its help, we can therefore gain a deeper insight into national entrepreneurship and its characteristics and a more complete picture than can be provided by various statistical sources based solely on data obtained from existing companies.
Keywords: global entrepreneurial monitor, entrepreneurship, total early entrepreneurial activity, economic development, entrepreneurial ecosystem
Published in DKUM: 18.05.2021; Views: 1185; Downloads: 20
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Reviewing the narrative concerning the impact of population growth in Africa
Cocou Marius Mensah, 2019, original scientific article

Abstract: This article discusses the topic of population growth in Africa, a recurring theme in the era of climate change and the fight against CO2 emissions. The African continent is full of essential raw materials and encompasses the youngest population in the world. There is no doubt concerning the significant role it will play in global affairs, at a time when the world population is ageing, according to the UN statistics. In recent years, many policymakers have highlighted the necessity to deal with overpopulation, provoking moral controversial and basic human rights abuses. This article, however, proposes an opposite argumentation based on fresh data and emphasises the opportunities and challenges to take on, as the author considers "overpopulation" as more of a challenge than a sentence to underdevelopment. Though the paper mentions different issues linked to overpopulation, such as migration crisis, ecological sustainability and the UN Sustainable Development Goals, it concludes with a reminder of the importance of international cooperation as a solution to global issues.
Keywords: global issues, impact of population growth, migration trends, international cooperation, pollution, African Union, European Union, UN sustainable development goals, environmental footprint
Published in DKUM: 15.01.2021; Views: 730; Downloads: 15
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Supplementary material for paper Global sourcing strategies : a framework for learn, agile, and leagile
Waleed Rashad, Zlatko Nedelko, 2020, complete scientific database of research data

Keywords: lean, agility, leagility, supply chain strategies, grounded theory, collaboration, global sourcing
Published in DKUM: 22.12.2020; Views: 3555; Downloads: 365
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