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(De)centralization of public procurement at the local level in the EU
Boštjan Brezovnik, Žan Oplotnik, Borut Vojinović, 2015, original scientific article

Abstract: The so-called decentralization of public procurement in EU Member States is accepted as the most suitable design of the public procurement system, often justified by greater economic efficiency and by the possibility of boosting the development of small and medium-sized enterprises, which act on the public procurement market as providers of goods, services and works. Despite the existence of highly decentralized public procurement systems which reflect the decentralization of administrative systems, especially after the recession, there is a stronger tendency for centralization of public procurement in the EU. The so-called aggregation of demand by contracting authorities can be done in order to achieve economies of scale, including lower prices and transaction costs as well as to improve and professionalize the management of procurement procedures (as highlighted in the Directive 2014/24/EU by the European Parliament and the EU Council). However, even in the context of public procurement centralization, local contracting authorities (i.e., public administration authorities and organizations) in Member States should be provided with a sufficiently wide range of possible (centralized) organizational structures and contractual (vertical and horizontal) public-public partnerships which will allow them to select the most suitable and most economically effective organizational structure for the execution of public procurement.
Keywords: centralization, public procurement, local self-government, fiscal decentralization, EU, European Union
Published: 14.07.2017; Views: 598; Downloads: 69
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Dejan Tojnko, 2016, undergraduate thesis

Abstract: Varnost in zasebnost podatkov, je v današnjem času zelo pomembna, saj se informacije o ljudeh zbirajo na vsakem koraku na vsakem koraku. Naloga skrbnikov podatkov je, da podatke zaščitijo in tako varujejo zasebnost, naloga ljudi pa je, da z svojimi podatki ravnajo odgovorno in so seznanjeni komu jih predajajo. V prvem delu diplomskega dela smo teoretično opisali, kaj pomeni varnost in zasebnost podatkov in kako se zagotavlja. V drugem delu, pa smo izvedli raziskavo z pomočjo eksperimenta, ki je vključeval napravo za sledenje očem in anketni vprašalnik. V tretjem delu naloge smo predstavili rezultate raziskave in podali nekaj predlogov. Rezultati raziskave so pokazali, da uporabniki ne zaupajo v oblačne storitve, kar je lahko posledica tega, da so zelo slabo seznanjeni z varnostjo in varovanjem zasebnosti v tovrstnih storitvah. Uporabnik prav tako ne pozna svojih pravic in se ne seznani z pogoji uporabe, čeprav jih ponudniki jasno predstavijo. Na splošno je zavedanje o varnosti in zasebnosti zelo nizko. Ugotovili smo, da raziskava pri kateri potrebujemo več kandidatov in posebno opreme še zdaleč ni preprosta za izvedbo in zahteva veliko priprav in načrtovanja.
Keywords: Saas - Software as a service – programska oprema kot storitev, IaaS - Infrastructure as a Service – infrastruktura kot storitev, PaaS - Platform as a Service – platforma kot storitev, CRM – customer relation management - upravljanje odnosov s strankami, AES - advanced encryption standard – napredni šifrirni standard, EU – European Union – Evropska unija, DoS – Denial of Service – zavrnitev storitve
Published: 26.09.2016; Views: 689; Downloads: 63
.pdf Full text (1,57 MB)

24th conference Corporate entities at the market and European dimensions
2016, proceedings of professional or unreviewed scientific conference contributions

Abstract: The book is a collection of contributions presented at the 24th traditional conference Corporate Entities at the Market and European Dimensions, which was organized from 19th to 21st May 2016 in Portorož, Slovenija, by Institute for Commercial Law Maribor and Faculty of Law, University of Maribor, and which was co-financed by the European Commission. The added value of this year's conference were international sessions, which brought together internationally reknown experts from Slovenia and abroad in a discussion on certain open questions in the field of cross-border disputes, related to the implementation of Brussels I Regulation (recast). The most controversial and interesting topics, which were discussed at the conference, were prepared and published in conference proceedings, with the intention to enable access to some relevant conclusions to a broader public and hopefully to motivate other expert in this field of research to join in a discussion at future conferences.
Keywords: corporate entities, cross-border disputes, Brussels I Regulation, EU, European Union
Published: 18.01.2017; Views: 877; Downloads: 278
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The influential knowledge factors of companies' performance in Slovenia
Katja Rašič, Matjaž Mulej, Vesna Čančer, 2016, original scientific article

Abstract: Background: Knowledge plays a crucial role in supporting the European Union model based on economic growth, social responsibility, and sustainable development. To improve companies’ performance, one must reflect on new forms of knowledge and develop new indicators to measure them. Objectives: The goal of the paper is to investigate the impact of the selected factors of knowledge on companies’ performance in Slovenia. Methods/Approach: A questionnaire was created and sent to small and medium-sized enterprises in Slovenia. The principle axis factoring method was used to identify the factors of knowledge and of companies’ performance, and a regression analysis was conducted to determine the influence of the selected knowledge factors on companies’ performance. Results: The establishment of scientists’ collaboration with companies has a positive impact on companies’ performance, but the obstacles to the establishment of scientists’ collaboration with companies do not have any impact. Conclusions: The results could be useful for governments and companies in the adoption of measures aimed at strengthening scientists’ collaboration with companies. Further research can be oriented toward the common synergy index (e.g., the knowledge triangle).
Keywords: company performance, indicator, knowledge, transitional economy, Slovenia, European Union
Published: 31.03.2017; Views: 591; Downloads: 242
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Attitudes towards Euro-English in a European Union institution
Tina Balič, 2016, original scientific article

Abstract: This study deals with the attitudinal aspect of Euro-English, denoting a specific form of the English language that is frequently used within the institutions of the European Union. A questionnaire survey was conducted among 285 representatives who work for one of these institutions in Brussels. The respondents were asked to rate several deviations from Standard English, identified in a corpus-based analysis of EU texts, as either "acceptable" or "unacceptable" English usage. The findings reveal that the high acceptability rates of the proposed features among the non-native English-speaking respondents were mainly related to their proficiency in English and/or mother tongue interference. Moreover, since native speakers of English also accepted most of the proposed deviations, it follows that the participants did not seem to be aware of non-standardness in the test sentences. Euro-English must be regarded as EU jargon due to its technical, administrative or legal nature and not as a separate non-standard form of English for EU institutional settings.
Keywords: European Union institution, Euro-English, corpus linguistics, deviations from Standard English, attitudes towards language, Eurojargon
Published: 12.05.2017; Views: 507; Downloads: 255
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Introduction and affirmation of car trains in the European Union
Sabina Kamnik Zebec, Bojan Pirš, Hugo Maučec, 2008, review article

Abstract: We live in a time of continuous technical and technological development. It is the time of globalization which is the main driver of the technological procedures in the process of executing transport services. Railway transport in Europe requires special attention, since it has a number of attributes which are not being effectively used. Measures to reduce the use of road network have been prepared, which would consequently increase railway transport. Individuals in personal vehicles could reduce transport costs with the increasing use of railway transport.The introduction of car trains in Europe is also supported by the European Union, but there has been very little done in the European car train system. The first goal of the European union seems to be understandable : using piggyback transport to redirect as much road freight transport as possible to the European railway system. Car trains in the integrated European rail system are one of numerous possibilities of how to offer a user of personal vehicle and his fellow passengers a safe, comfortable,economical and ecologically acceptable way of travel on a specific distance in the local or global sense of combined transport of vehicles and passengers.
Keywords: road transport, railway transport, car trains, European Union
Published: 02.06.2017; Views: 478; Downloads: 41
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