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1.
Criminal justice and security in Central and Eastern Europe
2021, other monographs and other completed works

Abstract: Conference proceedings consist of abstracts of conference papers presented at the 13th international biennial conference on Criminal Justice and Security in Central and Eastern Europe organised by the Faculty of Criminal Justice ans Security of the University of Maribor, Slovenia. The conference was held online between 13 and 15 September 2021. A lead topic of the conference is rural criminology and perspectives such as deviance, crime and social control activities, and provision of safety ans security. At the conference, 68 papers were presented by 116 authors from 22 countries. A celebration of the 25th anniversary of the international biennial conference took place. The conference proves an active and fruitfull international research activities of the Faculty of Criminal Justice and Security of the University of Maribor.
Keywords: criminal justice, criminal justice and security studies, criminology, conference, Central and Eastern Europe. rural criminology
Published: 13.08.2021; Views: 185; Downloads: 23
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2.
Management of children and adolescents with coeliac disease in selected Central European countries
Petra Rižnik, 2021, doctoral dissertation

Abstract: Coeliac disease (CD) is a lifelong systemic autoimmune disorder elicited by gluten and related prolamines in genetically susceptible individuals and is one of the most common chronic diseases, affecting about 1% of the population. It has a very diverse clinical presentation, involving intestinal, extraintestinal and even asymptomatic presentations. Due to its genetic background, CD is more common among family members of affected individuals and is associated with a number of other conditions. The diagnosis of CD is traditionally based on the presence of a specific immune response and characteristic histological changes in the small intestinal mucosa. In the recently published European Society for Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Nutrition (ESPGHAN) guidelines, the initial diagnostic step is determination of CD-specific IgA autoantibodies against type-2 (tissue) transglutaminase. Positive autoantibodies imply a high probability of mucosal atrophy. To confirm the diagnosis, an upper endoscopy with multiple duodenal biopsies should be performed. However, ESPGHAN guidelines for the past eight years allow paediatric gastroenterologists to diagnose the disease without intestinal biopsy when certain criteria are met. The only available treatment for CD is a lifelong strict gluten-free diet, which should only be initiated after firm confirmation of the diagnosis. Patients have to avoid all gluten-containing products, including products from wheat and wheat cultivars, rye, barley, Khorasan wheat, triticale and bulgur. Owing to the high likelihood of cross-contamination, avoidance of oats is also recommended in many regions. Despite being one of the most common lifelong disorders, CD still remains undiagnosed for a long time in many adult and paediatric patients. Diagnostic delays in some regions exceed 10 years, which can have important adverse effects on patients’ health and quality of life. The aims of our study were to analyse the clinical presentation of CD in children and adolescents in selected Central European (CE) countries, to evaluate the compliance with current ESPGHAN guidelines for diagnosing CD in children and adolescents, to assess the diagnostic delays in children and adolescents with CD in selected CE countries, to identify possible regional differences, and to determine whether the clinical presentation or the diagnostic approach influence diagnostic delays. The study was carried out as a part of the Focus IN CD project with twelve project partners from five CE countries (Croatia, Germany, Hungary, Italy, and Slovenia). Paediatric gastroenterologists from the included regions were encouraged by the regional project partners to complete a web-based questionnaire, providing anonymised medical records of children and adolescents below 19 years of age who were diagnosed with CD in 2016. The questionnaire was translated into the languages of all project partners and focused on the onset of the CD-related symptoms, clinical presentation, diagnostic approach, and the results of all performed tests. The medical records of children and adolescents were then analysed, and the results compared regionally. We found that a non-classical clinical presentation and asymptomatic disease are becoming more common, and the classical clinical presentation with malabsorption syndrome less frequent in children and adolescents with CD. Abdominal pain was found to be the most common leading symptom in children older than three years, whereas, in very young children (
Keywords: coeliac disease, children, adolescents, Central Europe, clinical presentation, management, diagnostic delays
Published: 18.03.2021; Views: 307; Downloads: 39
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3.
ANALYSIS OF TERRORIST ATTACKS' IMPACT ON TOURISM: LITERATURE REVIEW
Marica Ilić, 2020, undergraduate thesis

Abstract: The number of international tourist movements increases every year. For many countries, tourism is a key part of the economy that generates considerable profits. When an economic sector such as tourism is triggered, any negative event in the process is a major detriment to the local and regional economy. In this thesis our goal was to clarify the relationship between tourism and terrorism, how terrorist attacks impact the tourism industry, and how destinations recover from them. The focus is on studies published in the last 18 years and focusing on Europe.
Keywords: tourism, terrorism, recovery, Europe, event
Published: 03.11.2020; Views: 274; Downloads: 32
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4.
Crime as a business, business as a crime
Josip Kregar, Antonija Petričušić, 2010, review article

Abstract: Purpose: This paper endorses the claim that in transitional societies the line between business and crime is elusive because weak states foster a legal order that is formalistic, bureaucratic, politically biased and prone to corruption. Design/Methods/Approach: Three elements are discussed in the paper. First, the paper briefly analyses legal and institutional state of affairs in transitional Western Balkans societies that condone organised crime. Secondly, it investigates the phenomenology of the (corruptive) crime behaviour, explaining how it managed to integrate into society in the context of a weak state. Thirdly, the paper investigates why state policies and measures fail to fight crime as the business. In this part the paper contests a traditional definition of criminal organisation as a hierarchical one, claiming that mafias are not organizations in a traditional sense. Findings: The paper emphasizes that the fight against organised crime is not just a fight against individuals or individual criminal behaviour; but a fight to increase the efficiency of the government. The paper furthermore asserts that better understand of the organised crime problem can occur only if its fighting and addressing happens from the point of view of a good governance. Namely, the precondition to fight against organised crime or parallel activity requires increased efficiency and capacity of governmental institutions. Originality/Value: This paper adds to the academic and practical understanding of the organised crime in the post-transitional settings. Apart from being instructive and up-todated source of information for the regional setting it deals with, the paper sheds a new light on understanding of organised crime.
Keywords: organised crime, organisation, transition, money laundering, corruption, good governance, South-Eastern Europe
Published: 12.05.2020; Views: 321; Downloads: 43
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5.
The psychodynamic processes related to the involvement in peacekeeping missions
Branko Lobnikar, Špela Vesel, Emanuel Banutai, 2011, original scientific article

Abstract: Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to review the decade of Slovenian police officer’s experiences with international peacekeeping operations. The main goal of police officers, involved in these missions, is to prevent conflicts between opposite sites, to implement basic agreements, protect humanitarian missions and reinforce policing operations in the conflict area. The purpose of the paper is to acknowledge the lessons learned while planning and implementing further cooperation of Slovenian police officers in peacekeeping (police) operations. The main purpose of the paper is to analyze the consequences of deployment to peacekeeping missions for police officers as well as their family members (partners and children) by analyzing the psychodynamic processes related to the involvement in peacekeeping missions. Design/Methods/Approach: The paper is based on the review of literature. The empirical part of the paper presents the results of the research on a small sample of police officers (n = 36) and their family members (n = 25 partners + 35 children). Findings: Police peacekeepers should be well prepared for different stress situations; they are exposed to various stress factors before, during, and after serving in a mission. That is why training and reintegration programmes are of great importance. We establish that respondents assess that deployment to a peacekeeping mission has a positive and negative impact on the relationships between family members. As many as ¾ of mission members believe deployment can have a positive impact above all in the sense of strengthening the emotional ties between partners, increased mutual trust and strengthening of the partnership. For them, deployment to a peacekeeping mission is a challenge and personal experience, which can change the way they see the world. 2/3 of partners state similar positive impacts and they also believe that there is more trust between the partners after the experience with the peacekeeping mission, they treasure their time together and thus represent bigger support for each other in difficult times. As the most common problem, respondents perceived marital problems and the occurrence of negative feelings among family members (anger, avoidance, judgment ...). A large share of respondents stressed problems with children. 43.8% of respondents also named depression as a problem. Research limitations/implications: The findings are limited to the Slovenian police and their police officer’s experiences, serving in various police peacekeeping missions and their family members. Practical implications: Based on lessons learned this paper complements the results of different surveys of the researched topic. The results cannot be completely generalized, although some findings could also be useful to similar police organizations in Europe. Originality/Value: This paper addresses and explores different small scale surveys, conducted on sampled Slovenian police officers who served in peacekeeping missions and their family members. Findings could be of interest for the general as well as expert audience.
Keywords: police, police officer’s family, peacekeeping missions, Slovenia, stress, training and reintegration programmes, SE Europe
Published: 05.05.2020; Views: 427; Downloads: 21
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6.
Hungarian challenges of housing block regeneration
András Trócsányi, Kristóf Orbán, 2012, original scientific article

Abstract: As post-socialist suburbanisation is about to decline, and the buildings of cities start to age rapidly, more and more attention is focused on city rehabilitation in East-Central Europe as well, which will probably be continued in the near future by the rehabilitation of early housing estates. Through an example, the current study shows the challenges such an action faces. Based on the comparison of demands with scenarios that were drawn up from data bases originating from a diverse methodology, it appears that the most reasonable idea would be to generally apply the basic principles of diversification and selecto-concentration, but the uniqueness of individual housing blocks requires that planning is done on an individual basis.
Keywords: regeneration, planning, East-Central Europe, housing estates, selecto-concentration
Published: 10.04.2018; Views: 476; Downloads: 52
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7.
Development of rural space in post-communist southeast Europe after 1989
Peter Jordan, 2009, review article

Abstract: This paper investigates the reasons for the current state of rural space in Southeast Europe, as well as its current structure. It is confirmed that pre-Communist structures, as well as divergent Communist systems and policies, contributed as much to current structures as have divergent post-Communist approaches and developments. Thus, we meet today very different situations in the rural space of Yugoslavian successor states on the one hand, and of other post-Communist countries of Southeast Europe with a planned economy (Romania, Bulgaria and Albania) on the other. But even the countries of former Yugoslavia show many divergences, mainly due to divergent demographic development in the wake of the Yugoslavian dissolution wars.
Keywords: structure of rural space, communist systems, transformation, agricultural policies, Southeast Europe
Published: 19.03.2018; Views: 518; Downloads: 82
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8.
Institutional framework and typology of economic transition in post-communist countries of Central and Eastern Europe
Pavel Ptáček, 2008, original scientific article

Abstract: Departing from the concept of transformation and transition, this article highlights some main directions and problem areas of this process. It starts with description of transitory architecture in countries of Central and Eastern Europe based mostly on the concept of “Washington consensus” as the main method being used during the first stages of transition in many post-communist countries. Firstly we start with description of “Washington consensus” and its application in different countries in transition – from Latin America to the region of post-communist countries. After this theoretical part we start with concrete examples from particular countries where the key transitional processes will be described. Main focus will be put on the privatisation process in the Czech Republic in comparison to other post-communist countries. Typology of transitory processes in particular countries from “shock therapy” to “gradualist” ones will be placed. Than alternative approaches to transition will be introduced, focusing on the concept of path dependency, network analysis, regulation theory and their approaches to state socialism and post-communist transformations. Summarisation of main findings and the counterbalance to neo-liberal approach will be discussed. Is there some “post- Washington consensus” which has learnt from previous mistakes?
Keywords: transition, transformation, institutions, Central Europe, Eastern Europe
Published: 14.03.2018; Views: 674; Downloads: 83
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9.
Principal space-related transformation processes demonstrated by maps of the Atlas of Eastern and Southeastern Europe
Peter Jordan, 2008, original scientific article

Abstract: The article highlights some principal transformation processes in the post-Communist transformation countries of Central and Southeast Europe. This comprises (1) environmental change, (2) growing spatial disparities, (3) democratic transformation with a focus on administrative decentralisation and (4) the consequences of a rise in national and ethnic consciousness. As its main source this article is based on the Atlas of Eastern and Southeastern Europe, edited as a thematic map series since 1989 by the author of this article.
Keywords: transformation, Central Europe, Southeast Europe, environment, spatial disparities, administrative decentralisation, national consciousness
Published: 14.03.2018; Views: 630; Downloads: 81
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