Technical terminology in standard terms and conditions of saleNataša Gajšt
, 2012, original scientific article
Abstract: Technical terminology, which comprises individual words and various kinds of more or less fixed word partnerships, constitutes an important part of professional discourse. A good command of domain specific collocations adds to the proficiency in specialist communication in any domain, including commerce. The aim of this paper is to present the findings of a corpus-based study of the most common collocations of 16 high-frequency nouns in 'standard terms and conditions of sale' as authentic, commerce-related documents. Our research shows that the most frequent nouns form a substantial number of significant collocations which can be considered technical terminology in the field of commerce. In turn, these findings can be used as the basis for designing teaching syllabi and teaching materials for courses in English for commerce and trade.
Keywords: business English, technical terminology, ‘standard terms and conditions of sale’, corpus analysis, collocations, teaching
Published: 10.07.2015; Views: 362; Downloads: 30
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Learning English as a Second Language in AdultsSaša Šprah
, 2015, master's thesis
Abstract: The thesis on Learning English as a Second Language in Adults presents adult learning and findings connected with it in the theoretical part. This part also includes characteristics of adult learning which have an impact on the learning process and dynamics of work. Memory and motivation, wide concepts, and important features are also presented in terms of adult learning. Last but not least, age factor also affects learning a foreign language. In English, the most affected language fields are pronunciation, grammar, and vocabulary. The empirical part presents motives and motivation of adult learners that learn English as a foreign language. We also presented the results of didactic features and experiences that the learners gained during the learning process. We found out that motive, didactic features in learners’ experiences are in a correlation with the age factor.
Keywords: Adult learning, second/foreign language, learning English, motivation, memory, age factor
Published: 30.11.2015; Views: 823; Downloads: 109
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PHONETIC ANALYSIS OF THE COCKNEY DIALECT IN THE TV SERIES EASTENDERSTina Novak
, 2015, undergraduate thesis
Abstract: The graduation thesis presents the dialectal features of Cockney in the series EastEnders. The theoretical part includes the definitions of the following concepts: language variety, dialect levelling, accent, dialect. This is followed by a brief presentation of the historical background and social perception of Cockney. The last and most extended segment of the theoretical part presents the linguistic features of Cockney, with emphasis on the phonological characteristics and the comparison of its phonological features with those of Received Pronunciation and Estuary English. The empirical part consists of the phonetic transcription of two chosen episodes of EastEnders, accounted for through auditory analysis. As in spoken conversation, especially in rapid speech, the neighbouring phonemes of words affect each other’s articulation, consideration is given to most common accommodation processes that appear in connected speech: assimilation, elision, epenthesis, and liaison. The aim of the graduation thesis is to analyse the phonetic features of Cockney in EastEnders. Moreover, the examination indicates how frequently a certain Cockney feature is used by each speaker and in what way its occurrence varies depending on the age, gender, and education of the characters in the series. The results of the statistical analysis are given for each phoneme separately.
Keywords: Cockney, phonetic analysis, EastEnders, British English, dialectology, phonetics, phonology, statistical analysis
Published: 19.01.2016; Views: 1241; Downloads: 87
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Sociolinguistic studies of Slovene immigration issuesNada Šabec
, 1993, review article
Abstract: Avtorica predstavi dosedanje dosežke v raziskovanju slovenskega izseljenstva na področju sociolingvistike in nakaže smeri bodočega razvoja. Stična točka med sociolingvistiko in izseljenstvom je proučevanje dvo- oz. večjezičnosti, vnašem primeru stika med slovenščino in dominantnim jezikom države priselitve.Poleg kritičnega ovrednotenja dosedanjih raziskav (npr. R.L. Lenčka, F.J. Kessa, J. Paternosta in drugih) je avtorica podrobno spregovorila o svojem delu.
Keywords: izseljenstvo, slovenski izseljenci, angleščina, dvojezičnost, emigration, Slovene emigrants, English language, bilingualism
Published: 30.12.2015; Views: 431; Downloads: 15
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English for Specific Purposes - Students of Nursing Bridging the Gap between Theory and PracticeSofia Ha Vela
, 2016, undergraduate thesis
Abstract: Theoretical framework: Mastering a foreign language is a necessary component in the pursuit of a successful nursing career. Needs analysis identifies the purposes of learning, the best teaching methods, and the possible problems in implementing the language program.
Purpose: This thesis explored the academic and professional needs of the English language for nursing students at the Faculty of Health Sciences in Maribor and for health care employees within the region in order to build a bridge between theory and practice.
Methodology: The quantitative method of research was applied and a survey questionnaire was used as an instrument to collect data. Questions included in the survey were mostly of the closed type. Microsoft Word and Microsoft Excel were used to analyze, examine, and edit the acquired information.
Results: It was determined that the learning needs of the students should focus on verbal communication and listening comprehension and less on grammar. More emphasis should be placed on conversational English, as both the student and employee groups felt that this was the most efficient method for learning.
Conclusion: The necessary information is now available to make improvements to the English language courses at the Faculty of Health Sciences in Maribor to better meet the needs of future health care professionals. Ultimately, this can improve communication between nurses and patients in a foreign language and increase the quality of care.
Keywords: English for Specific Purposes (ESP), student nurse, foreign language, needs analysis, health care workers, communication.
Published: 12.05.2016; Views: 562; Downloads: 28
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Euro-English in the European Commission: Language Use and AttitudesTina Balič
, 2016, doctoral dissertation
Abstract: This dissertation deals with a sociolinguistic analysis of attitudes towards Euro-English (E-E), denoting a specific variety of the English language as is primarily used within the multicultural and multilingual professional contexts of the European Union (EU) institutions. Particularly within the European Commission (EC) English has acquired the role of the primary working language. This is apparent from the most recent figures provided by its translation service, according to which as many as 81.3% of source documents were written in English in 2014 (as compared to 77.6% in 2012 and 62% in 2004), followed by French with only 5%.
Consequently, 285 EC representatives from different EU member states were surveyed on their attitudes towards E-E, primarily focusing on those respondents whose mother tongues are not English. Crucially, they were asked to evaluate several sentences that deviated from Standard English according to their perceptions of what is acceptable English usage and what is not. Beforehand, a corpus-based analysis was conducted in order to determine which potentially E-E features to integrate within the acceptability test. Importantly, the authors of the examined EU material are deemed congruent as much as possible with the participants of the attitudinal analysis, as they all work for one of the main EU institutions.
The main findings reveal that the high acceptability rates of the proposed deviant sentences among the surveyed non-native English-speaking EC representatives were primarily related to their lower proficiency in the English language and/or mother tongue interference, whereas we argue that the surveyed native speakers accepted most of them because they failed to apply a known language system accurately. Accordingly, we found out that the participants as a whole generally adhere to native models of English, i.e. British English, and thus do not personally endorse a European variety of English as a standard of linguistic correctness in their minds. Although specific usage that differs from the standard use of English has to an extent been developed within the EU institutions, the identified features must be regarded as EU jargon; which may be more or less obvious; rather than a particular E-E variety already expressing common EU culture and identity. We conclude that an independent variety of English, comparable to the Inner or Outer Circle Englishes, neither exists to date nor is in its earliest stage of development within the EU institutions.
Keywords: sociolinguistics; attitudes towards language; Euro-English; lingua franca; European Commission; working language; corpus linguistics; linguistic features; competence in English.
Published: 13.06.2016; Views: 510; Downloads: 81
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Use of materials and aids for teaching English to young learnersJana Rečnik
, 2016, undergraduate thesis
Abstract: The aim of this thesis is to present the use of different materials and aid when teaching English to young learners. Through the history, many different methods were used for teaching foreign languages, which will be presented in this thesis. Furthermore, it is important to know which characteristics should a good teacher have and which are the roles of a teacher in the classroom. The aim is also to present different visual material, songs, stories and games that can be used while teaching young learners.
The last part of my thesis is focused on lesson observations at language school Eduka, Slovenj Gradec. Three different age groups were observed and mainly I was focused on the use of different materials and aids in different age groups.
Keywords: English language teaching, young learners, teaching materials and aids, games, stories, songs, visual material, lesson observations
Published: 05.09.2016; Views: 490; Downloads: 38
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Loanwords in English from Romance languagesAna Rutar
, 2016, undergraduate thesis
Abstract: English has had an interesting history and during its development came into contact with various other cultures and languages. Thus, the present thesis presents English loanwords from the Romance languages, i.e. French, Italian, Spanish, and Portuguese. Each of them came into contact with English during different periods and for different reasons. One of the outcomes of contacts between languages are loanwords. The first part of my diploma paper focuses on theoretical points about historical events that connect English, Romance languages and borrowing, and adds explanations about types of loanwords and reasons for their transference. The second part focuses on the interaction between English and each of the four Romance languages, their mutual historical background, exchanged loanwords, their semantic fields, specific reasons for their borrowing, and changes during assimilation. In addition, an analysis of etymological origin of the chosen loanwords was made for each language specifically. In the last part of the thesis, conclusions are drawn about the aspects that English and the Romance languages have in common and those that historically and sociolinguisticly differentiate them.
Keywords: borrowing, loanwords, English, French, Italian, Spanish, Portuguese, Romance languages
Published: 12.09.2016; Views: 417; Downloads: 39
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Teaching English as an Additional Language to Very Young Learners with the Hippo and Friends CourseMaja Rupnik
, 2016, master's thesis
Abstract: The main subject of the master's thesis research is teaching English as an additional (foreign) language in early childhood (pre-school period) to learners between 3 and 6 years of age with the Hippo and Friends (Starter, 1, and 2) course, written by Selby and McKnight and released by University of Cambridge in 2006. After presenting theoretical principles of teaching and learning an additional (foreign) language at an early age together with the presentation of the Hippo and Friends course, the empirical part of the thesis analyses and evaluates the course’s teaching outcomes. These were acquired between October 2015 and March 2016 by carrying out a 3-leveled Hippo and Friends English language course for very young learners. 5 courses (2 groups at the H&F Starter level, 2 groups at the H&F 1 level and 1 group at the H&F 2 level) were attended by a total number of 45 pre-school children. The courses took place on five locations in North-Eastern Slovenia (Oplotnica, Kebelj, Slovenska Bistrica, Poljčane and Pragersko); the teacher taught them in a form of a student work at the ‘Bla Bla’ language school. In addition to general evaluation of the Hippo and Friends course aims achievement and self-evaluation of teaching, particular focus is placed on the analysis and evaluation of learners’ emotional responses to the first contact with English, their linguistic progress and instructional factors that affected it the most. The Hippo and Friends course has made the majority of very young learners’ first contact with English enjoyable and fun. In addition to developing the very basic listening, speaking and discourse skills, the majority of very young learners have exceeded the suggested target vocabulary by the end of the course. Throughout the course, the majority of very young learners has more successfully acquired and, at the end of it, more correctly orally produced the target vocabulary items (TVI) presented in lessons with a lower number of newly presented TVI, the TVI taught with a higher practising rate, the TVI of thematic units the learners enjoyed the most and the TVI taught through songs and stories.
Keywords: very young learners, teaching English, learning English, Hippo and Friends course
Published: 11.08.2016; Views: 597; Downloads: 61
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