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Exercises in Travel Writing and Literary Tourism
Laura Lupše, Maja Možic, Nuša Cesar, Žiga Zdovc, Marina Majerič, Martina Senekovič, Boštjan Koželj, Jasna Potočnik Topler, 2020

Abstract: The book entitled »Exercises in Travel Writing and Literary Tourism – A Teaching and Learning Experiment« emerged as a result of experimental project work in teaching English during the subject English in Tourism – Higher Level 1 at the Faculty of Tourism in Brežice, University of Maribor. This approach included teaching in the classroom, research in libraries and at home, and field work. The collection brings eight very different texts on Travel Writing and Literary Tourism by Master's students of Tourism, who were free in choosing the topic of the texts, their styles and the titles . The field of Travel Writing is significant, not only as its own discourse, a tourism trend and a tool of branding and embedding attractions and/or destinations, but also as a tool of teaching and learning a foreign language, which, along with upgrading specific language knowledge, encourages curiosity, research, creativity, reflection and self-development.
Keywords: travel writing, literary tourism, branding, teaching, learning, English language
Published: 29.10.2020; Views: 164; Downloads: 17
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Teaching Culture Through English in Slovenian Primary and Secondary Schools: An Analysis of the Intercultural Element in Textbooks
Eva Hršak, 2019, master's thesis

Abstract: Our thesis begins by discussing the concept of culture. Next, it considers the importance of incorporating culture into foreign language teaching and developing intercultural communicative competence. We have discovered that culture is an inevitable part of our everyday lives. It shapes our identities and helps in explaining our actions. Therefore, being unaware of the characteristics of other cultures may result in misunderstandings. As teachers, we must be aware of the importance of culture and should be able to familiarize our learners with its elements. By incorporating elements of culture into lessons, our learners will not only become competent English speakers, but will also know how to appropriately and effectively adjust to a variety of situations, and how to maintain and establish personal relationships. In the empirical section of the thesis, we have studied primary and secondary school English teachers’ views on teaching culture. The results showed that the teachers are aware of the importance of culture teaching since all the participants include various cultural elements into their English lessons. In addition, we have analysed the eight most frequently used English textbooks the teachers use in Slovenia in terms of the cultural elements they contain. We have decided to analyse textbooks as the main resource for teaching culture since textbooks are an indispensable and also a mandatory resource for every English teacher. The analysis showed that the textbooks contain a variety of cultural elements and are taught with the help of multiple strategies.
Keywords: culture, teaching culture, English as a foreign language, intercultural competence, textbooks
Published: 07.09.2020; Views: 187; Downloads: 65
.pdf Full text (2,55 MB)

Motivation for Learning English in Adulthood
Jerneja Osredkar, 2019, master's thesis

Abstract: Technological development, information technology development, new ways of communicating and globalisation have influenced the society and knowledge greatly. One's knowledge needs to be upgraded and improved constantly since it enables the quality of work, personal development, as well as a better quality of life in society. Due to historical spread of the language and the economic power of the United States of America, English has gained the position of a global language and is used as a lingua franca in the world. Therefore, many invidiuals decide to learn English in adulthood. Their decision to enrol in language courses and final success depend on many factors, motivation certainly being one of the key factors. The main aim of the master’s thesis is to find out what motivates adults to take part in language courses as well as what the potential barriers are. The analysis of the survey has not shown any major differences in motivation between older and younger adults; however, factor analysis shows that knowledge is the most important value upon which people decide to enrol in the English language classes. When analysing barriers, situational barriers have proven as the most pressing issue once again.
Keywords: lifelong learning, the English language, motivation, barriers to learning
Published: 20.12.2019; Views: 347; Downloads: 73
.pdf Full text (1,18 MB)

Use of animated songs in early teaching of English and German
Janja Stariha, 2019, master's thesis

Abstract: This MA thesis deals with animated songs and their use in early foreign language teaching. In the theoretical part I have described child development, first and second language acquisition, multimedia, foreign language teaching and the use of songs in the classroom. As the literature on animated songs has not yet been developed, I have turned to theory on multimedia, music and art to formulate a set of criteria for easier choice of animated songs for use in class. In the empirical part I have chosen some high quality, didactically apropriate animated songs. Content, sound, music, text, design, animation, multimedia learning theories, art theory and didactics were taken into account. The final part of the paper shows the results of a questionnaire that was forwarded to Slovenian teachers who teach children aged 3–11 to see to what extent they know and use animated songs. Nowadays acces to songs is no longer a problem so it is important for teachers to know how to evaluate multimedia materials. There are both favorable opinions and cautions regarding technology use in childhood, so good judgement is needed. The choice and use of animated songs in the young learner classroom should be didactically justified.
Keywords: animated songs, songs, young learners, foreign language teaching, English, German, multimedia, modern technology, didactics, preschool, primary school
Published: 25.10.2019; Views: 543; Downloads: 86
.pdf Full text (2,99 MB)

Teaching Literature in Slovene Grammar Schools and Preparation for the General Matura Examination
Barbara Melanšek, 2019, master's thesis

Abstract: The place of literature in English language teaching has been challenged by the emergence of the Communicative approach to teaching English language, the growing emphasis on spoken language and the teaching of English for specific purposes. However, recent years have brought renewed interest in this field, in how literary texts can best be exploited, and how the use of literature in the English classroom can help students improve their English. The main purpose of this Master’s thesis is to investigate what approaches to teaching literature are employed by English teachers at Slovene grammar schools, in general and in connection to the preparation for the General Matura Examination. We also wish to examine if and to what extent the requirements of the General Matura for English Language affect the teaching of literature in Slovene Grammar Schools, as well as to unveil the general attitude of Slovene secondary school students toward literature and reading. In the theoretical part of the Master’s thesis, we provide a theoretical framework for using literature in an English classroom, present the main aspects of using English literary texts with grammar school students and provide a few didactic ideas for the in the classroom.
Keywords: literature teaching, English teaching, grammar school, the General Matura
Published: 23.10.2019; Views: 319; Downloads: 50
.pdf Full text (1,35 MB)

Preparing students for mobility in vocational education and training
Tina Rajhman, 2019, master's thesis

Abstract: The following master’s thesis focuses on preparing students on mobility in vocational education and training. The focus lies on English for specific purposes which is an integral part of English in technical secondary and vocational technical education. The thesis also concentrates on exchange programmes and their effects on students’ L2 and communicative competences. The above-mentioned educational programmes have to focus on both general English as well as English for specific purposes because the students need the knowledge at school, during the vocational training and later at work. The EU helps promoting language diversity by financing various international mobility programmes. The following MA thesis focuses on Erasmus+ which supports education and training at all levels and helps the schools send vocational education and training learners abroad. As proven by various studies, mobility has a beneficial effect on students’ English and communication skills. The case study included seven students attending upper-secondary programmes at the school centre Škofja Loka. The purpose of the study was to analyse the influence of the students’ vocational training abroad on their foreign language competences and to see whether students’ communicative competences improved during the vocational training abroad. The results were used to prepare helpful language exercises for future Erasmus+ students. According to students’ answers, a four-week exchange period is long enough for both weaker as well as more advanced students to make progress in English. All of them also confirmed that the most used language skills during the mobility were speaking and listening. For that reason, the practical part of the MA thesis presents four examples of exercises focusing on woodworking vocabulary, listening and speaking.
Keywords: mobility, exchange programme, Erasmus+, vocational education and training, English for specific purposes, communicative competences
Published: 19.07.2019; Views: 724; Downloads: 57
.pdf Full text (1,53 MB)

Applying the Vaughan Method When Teaching English as a Foreign Language in Spain
Laura Podkoritnik, 2019, master's thesis

Abstract: In the thesis we write about English as a global language and the process of teaching it using a special in-company method. Learning a language differs from person to person, and even more from adults to children. When it comes to teaching English as a foreign language, we can use different approaches and methods, from conventional to alternative ones. There are many ways for people to learn a foreign language – it can be by themselves using different books, audio-visual material or apps, or by taking classes with an English teacher. Browsing through numerous job ads for English teacher vacancies one can easily notice there is a preference of native speaking teachers. Why are native speakers, that potentially do not even have any teaching certificates, more valued than non-native teachers with pedagogical background? Spain is one of the countries where English is not vastly spoken; a situation which in the past few years have been slightly changing for the better as more and more people sign up for English courses to learn English for different purposes (most common are work, travelling or themselves). One of the companies that offer English courses all over Spain is Vaughan Systems where teaching evolves around an autonomous method developed by an American, Richard Vaughan. In the thesis we introduce the method and Vaughan teachers’ opinion on it regarding their workload, pedagogical background and textbook assessment and comparing the results based on the teachers’ native speaker status and the time they have been working for the company.
Keywords: English teaching, language learning, adults, non-native speaking teachers, native speaking teachers, Vaughan, Spain
Published: 11.02.2019; Views: 528; Downloads: 53
.pdf Full text (1,04 MB)

Oral Assessment of English in the Third Cycle of Slovene Elementary Schools
Martin Pobežin, 2018, master's thesis

Abstract: The thesis Oral Assessment of English in the Third Cycle of Slovene Elementary Schools consists of two sections – theoretical and empirical. The aim of the former was to analyse the various factors that contribute to successful oral assessment. Oral assessment differs from others in its execution, since it is conveyed by word of mouth. This creates authentic communication between the two groups of participants – learners and the teacher. However, both have to fulfil their roles. Firstly, the learners’ task is to prepare well for the assessment and act respectfully towards the assessor. Secondly, the teacher must produce adequate criteria and tasks which meet the principles of reliability and validity. In the empirical section, we present how the oral assessment of English is executed in the third cycle of Slovene elementary schools by examining two groups of participants – teachers of English and third-cycle learners. It was established that learners prefer oral assessment, whereas teachers either remained undecided or claimed that they preferred written assessment. The general dislike of the oral form among teachers can be explained by their observations about lack of time. Consequently, many learners reported the common use of writing of the answers as a form of oral assessment, whereas the majority of teachers denied such claims. Interviews and presentations remain the two most commonly used forms of oral assessment; in addition, they are also the most popular among both groups of participants. All in all, a significant body of the learners claimed they would not change anything about the current process of oral assessment, which suggests that many curricular elements are adequately selected and executed.
Keywords: oral assessment, learners, teacher, English, elementary school
Published: 08.01.2019; Views: 453; Downloads: 0

Representation of Gender in Books for the English Reading Competitions in First and Second Triad of Primary School
Nadja Kotnik, 2018, master's thesis

Abstract: The purpose of the MA thesis was to analyse 21 easy readers in terms of gender. The easy readers included in the analysis appeared on one of the two reading lists for the English reading competitions, EPI reading badge and Bookworms in the academic year 2015/2016. The books were examined with quantitative, qualitative and linguistic analysis with the aim of revealing gender bias and stereotyping in the characterization of male and female characters. An initial overview of the sample revealed great diversity in the sample – almost half the sample represented re-written versions of older books, while the other half were books with original plots or adaptations based on recent films. With regard to quantitative analysis, an underrepresentation of female characters was identified in the text as well as the illustrations. In general, males predominated in every category that we quantitatively analysed, but there were a few books where this was not the case. The qualitative and linguistic analysis provided mixed results. There were some newer easy readers where progress in terms of defying gender stereotypes and discrimination was noticeable, but some older books expressed evident gender bias.
Keywords: gender, easy readers, gender stereotypes, gender roles, English reading competitions, linguistic analysis, content analysis, semiotic analysis
Published: 20.11.2018; Views: 384; Downloads: 54
.pdf Full text (2,42 MB)

Influence of entrance exams results on foreign students in economics studies at University of Economics, Prague
Milos Maryska, Petr Doucek, 2018, review article

Abstract: Background and purpose: The purpose of the article is to analyse results of entrance exams and of regularly exams for foreign students in the Czech language undergraduate study programs at four faculties of University of Economics, Prague (UEP) with the intention to investigate the dependency between the results of Entrance exams from English and mathematics and (1) results of regularly exams during the study and between (2) completion rate of the study. Design/Methodology/Approach: We have analysed 4.381 records for applicants from foreign countries who applied for studies between years 2009 and 2015. We used standard statistics methods and the method of logistic regression in the form of logit model. Results: We identified weak statistical correlation between entrance exam results from mathematics and results of regular exams. The correlation coefficient varies between 0.078 – 0.283 for investigated faculties of UEP. The same indicator for English language exams presents better values and it varies between 0.218 – 0.312. If an entrance exam result is higher by one point, the probability of successful completion of studies is multiplied by values between 1.017 - 1.042 for individual faculty per one additional point. Conclusion: The results of the research in mathematics and English language show that excellent results in entrance exam cannot not guarantee successful regularly exams. Conclusion for the probability of completing studies is that the acceptable level of points for admission foreign students is between 150 and 170 points, depending on the faculty.
Keywords: knowledge, foreign student, university, english language, mathematics
Published: 10.10.2018; Views: 553; Downloads: 235
.pdf Full text (479,79 KB)
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