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KARAKTERIZACIJA NEOKSIDIRANEGA DELA NOTRANJE OKSIDIRANE BAKER ALUMINIJEVE ZLITINE PREOBLIKOVANE PO ECAP POSTOPKU IN PREUČITEV POSTOPKA Z VIDIKA DIFUZIJE INOVACIJ
Peter Kirbiš, 2011, undergraduate thesis

Abstract: Današnje inženirstvo napreduje, proti novim tehnologijam materialov, kar odpre nove konstrukcijske možnosti zmanjševanja presekov, vztrajnostnih mas in dimenzij izdelkov. Vse izrazitejše se kažejo potrebe po uporabi, naprednih materialov z specifičnimi lastnostmi, kot so visoka trdnost in trdota, izboljšana žilavost, odpornost na ciklično utrujanje, povečana električna in toplotna prevodnost, ter toplotna obstojnost. Proizvodnja takšnih materialov, zahteva nove proizvodnje tehnologije, in uporabo vseh dosedanjih znanj iz področja materialov. Lastnosti materiala, lahko izboljšamo na različne načine, osredotočili se bomo predvsem na zmanjševanje velikosti kristalnih zrn in vnašanje drobnih delcev v mikrostrukturo. Z zmanjšanjem velikosti kristalnih zrn, dosežemo večje napetosti tečenja, v skladu z Hall-Petchovo odvisnostjo. Ko se zmanjša velikosti zrn pod 1µm, imamo opravka z materiali, ki imajo, nove edinstvene kombinacije lastnosti. Študij literature je pokazal, da je mogoče doseči submikronsko, in celo nanokristalno mikrostrukturo, z aplikacijo velikih plastičnih deformacij. To dosežemo z izpostavljanjem materiala velikim tlakom, torziji oz. enostavnemu strigu. Eden najbolj obetavnih postopkov z tega področja, je tako imenovan ECAP postopek, pri katerem je prisotna možnost uporabe v industrijski praksi, ki bo preučena v tej publikaciji.
Keywords: Tehnologije materialov, inovacijski manegement, ecap(equal channel angular presing), spd (severe plastic deformation), notranja oksidacija, karakterizacija cu-al zlitine, nanokristalne kovine, mehanske lastnosti, utrjevalni mehanizmi, hall-petch-ova enačba, proizvodnja nanokristalnih kovin, karakterizacija nanokovin, optični mikroskop, sem (rasterski elektronski mikroskop), tem (presevni elektronski mikroskop), ebsd( sipanje povratnih elektronov), ecap izvedbe, priprav vzorcev za rastersko
Published: 13.10.2011; Views: 1750; Downloads: 171
.pdf Full text (2,63 MB)

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Pressing of partially oxide-dispersion-strengthened Copper using the ECAP process
Matija Kos, Janko Ferčec, Mihael Brunčko, Rebeka Rudolf, Ivan Anžel, 2014, original scientific article

Abstract: A combination of internal oxidation (IO) and equal channel angular pressing (ECAP) was used to explore the possibility of uniting the mechanisms of dispersion and deformation strengthening to improve the properties of a Cu-Al alloy with 0.4 % Al. The IO of Cu-Al billets served in the first step of the experiment as a means for dispersion, strengthening the mantle of the billets with a fine dispersion of nanosized oxide particles. The experimental procedure continued with deformation strengthening performed by ECAP, which allowed an intense plastic strain through simple shear. Material flow in a partly internally oxidized Cu-0.4 % Al billet and in a homogenous reference sample made of modelling mass was also studied to analyse, on the macroscale, the influence of the internal oxidation zone (IOZ) on the material flow behaviour during the ECAP process. The analysis was performed with the aim of revealing the uniformity of the strain distribution and to obtain information about the deformation strengthening across the volume of the billet. We found that the oxide particles have a minor influence on the material flow on the macroscopic scale during the ECAP process. However, the degree of deformation strengthening in the IOZ was much lower than in the unoxidized core region. The combination of IO and ECAP allows us to produce a Cu composite composed of a hardened oxidized mantle region with good electrical and thermal conductivity and a high- hardened core region. This combination represents a new technological route for the production of high-hardness Cu composites, which could also be used at higher temperatures.
Keywords: ECAP, Cu-Al alloys, strengthening mechanisms, internal oxidation
Published: 17.03.2017; Views: 532; Downloads: 45
.pdf Full text (955,64 KB)
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