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Sensor for injection rate measurements
Milan Marčič, 2006, original scientific article

Abstract: A vast majority of the medium and high speed Diesel engines are equipped with multi-hole injection nozzles nowadays. Inaccuracies in workmanship and changing hydraulic conditions in the nozzles result in differences in injection rates between individual injection nozzle holes. The new deformational measuring method described in the paper allows injection rate measurement in each injection nozzle hole. The differences in injection rates lead to uneven thermal loads of Diesel engine combustion chambers. All today known measuring method, such as Bosch and Zeuch give accurate results of the injection rate in diesel single-hole nozzles. With multihole nozzles they tellus nothing about possible differences in injection rates between individual holes of the nozzle. At deformational measuring method, the criterion of the injected fuel is expressed by the deformation of membrane occurring due to the collision of the pressure wave against the membrane. The pressure wave is generated by the injection of the fuel into the measuring space. For each hole of the nozzle the measuring device must have a measuring space of its own into which fuel is injected as well as its measuring membraneand its own fuel outlet. During measurements procedure the measuring space must be filled with fuel to maintain an overpressure of 5 kPa. Fuel escaping from the measuring device is conducted into the graduated cylinders for measuring the volumetric flow through each hole of the nozzle.The membrane deformation is assessed by strain gauges. They are glued to the membrane and forming the full Wheatstonećs bridge. We devoted special attention to the membrane shape and temperature compensation of the strain gauges.
Keywords: thermodynamics, sensors, Diesel engines, nozzles, injection, measurements
Published in DKUM: 22.06.2017; Views: 1679; Downloads: 339
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The practical CFIE match to power articulated truck engines
Anton Černej, Želimir Dobovišek, Breda Kegl, 1996, original scientific article

Abstract: Basic requirements related to fuel injection system of upgraded turbocharged articulated truck diesel engines are listed and discussed. An example of the FIE matching approach to upgrading of a heavy duty diesel engine is presented. The application of hollow cam fuel injection pump may offer a further extension of its use in order to uprate diesel engine performance.
Keywords: Diesel engines, fuel injection, trucks
Published in DKUM: 06.06.2017; Views: 1322; Downloads: 164
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Numerical and experimental study of water/oil emulsified fuel combustion in a diesel engine
Niko Samec, Breda Kegl, Robert W. Dibble, 2002, original scientific article

Abstract: Numerical and experimental studies were made on some of the chemical and physical properties of wateržoil emulsified fuel (W/OEF) combustion characteristics. Numerical investigations of W/OEF combustion's chemical kinetic aspects have been performed by simulation of water/n-heptane mixture combustion, assuming a model of a homogenous reactor's concentric shells. The injection and fuel spray characteristics are analyzed numerically also in order to study indirectly the physical effects of water present in diesel fuel during the combustion process. The experimental results of W/OEF combustion in the DI diesel engine are also presented and discussed. The results of engine testing in a broad field of engine loads and speeds have shown a significant pollutant emission reduction with no worsening of specific fuel consumption.
Keywords: internal combustion engines, Diesel engines, combustion, emissions, numerical modelling
Published in DKUM: 01.06.2012; Views: 2267; Downloads: 112
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Influence of biodiesel fuel on the combustion and emission formation in a direct injection (DI) Diesel engine
Aleš Hribernik, Breda Kegl, 2007, original scientific article

Abstract: This paper studies the influence of biodiesel fuel on the combustion and emission formation of two different direct-injected diesel engines, both employing different combustion processes. The research was focused on determining the influence of the specific combustion process on measurement results to ascertain if a generalization of the results is possible or whetherthey have to be interpreted as specific for specific engines. Standard D2 diesel fuel and commercial 100% biodiesel fuel were used. Tests were executed using both fuels under the same conditions, and exhaust emissions andengine performance were measured and compared. In-cylinder pressure was also acquired, and the rate of heat release curves were computed by means of azero-dimensional, one-zone combustion model. Some macroparameters of the combustion process were obtained from the heat-release-rate curves. The results obtained for both engines showed that findings regarding the influenceof biodiesel fuel on the combustion process and emission formation could not be generalized and had to be interpreted as specific for the particular engine.
Keywords: internal combustion engines, diesel engines, biodiesel fuel, combustion, emissions
Published in DKUM: 31.05.2012; Views: 1728; Downloads: 143
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Numerical analysis of injection characteristics using biodiesel fuel
Breda Kegl, 2006, original scientific article

Abstract: This paper deals with numerical analysis of injection process using biodieselžmineral diesel fuel blends with the aim to search for the potentialsto reduce engine harmful emissions. The considered fuels are neat biodiesel from rapeseed oil and its blends with mineral diesel D2. For the numerical analysis a one-dimensional mathematical model is employed. In order to model accurately the investigated fuels, the employed empirical expressionsfor their properties are determined by experiments. To verify the mathematical model and the empirical expressions, experiments and numerical simulation are run on a mechanical control diesel fuel injection M system at several operating regimes. Injection process at many different operating regimes and using several fuel blends are then investigated numerically. Attention is focused on the injection characteristics, especially on fuelling,fuelling at some stage of injection, mean injection rate, mean injection pressure, injection delay and injection timing, which influence the most important engine characteristics. The analysis of the obtained results reveals that, while keeping engine performance within acceptable limits, harmful emissions can be reduced by adjusting appropriately pump injection timing in dependence on the biodiesel content. This prediction is also confirmed experimentally.
Keywords: internal combustion engines, Diesel engines, fuel injection, biodiesel fuel, numerical simulation, emission reduction
Published in DKUM: 31.05.2012; Views: 2375; Downloads: 92
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Experimental investigation of optimal timing of the Diesel engine injection pump using biodiesel fuel
Breda Kegl, 2006, original scientific article

Abstract: This paper discusses the influence of biodiesel on output characteristics of adiesel engine and optimal timing setup for its injection pump. The influence of biodiesel is studied by running experiments on an NA diesel bus engine MAN D2 2566 with a direct-injection M system. The fuel used is biodiesel produced from rapeseed. Special attention is focused on the determination of the optimal injection-pump timing with respect to engine harmful emissions, enginefuel consumption, and other engine performance parameters. These engine characteristics are compared against those obtained using conventional D2 diesel. Experiments with biodiesel and D2 are run on several engine operating regimes. The engine was monitored for possible operation problems and carefully examined after the tests. The results obtained are presented and analyzed. It is shown that with carefully optimized timing of the pump, the harmful emission of NOx, smoke, HC, and CO can be reduced essentially by keeping other engine characteristics within acceptable limits.
Keywords: internal combustion engines, diesel engines, fuel injection, biodiesel fuel, engine characeristics
Published in DKUM: 31.05.2012; Views: 2723; Downloads: 151
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