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2.
Prisoner rehabilitation in Croatia
Irma Kovčo Vukadin, Vladimira Žakman-Ban, Anita Jandrić Nišević, 2010, review article

Abstract: Namen prispevka: This paper gives an analitical overview of historical development and contemporary picture of the concept of prisoner rehabilitation in Croatia within current crime and punishment perspective. Metodologija: For the purpose of the analysis, legislative documents were taken into account, as well as data on crime and punishment (Croatian Bureau of Statistics) and Ministry of justice and Ombudsman reports. Ugotovitve: The authors have found that Croatia has a modern legal frame for meeting all internationally recognized prerequisits for prisoners’ rehabilitation and reintegration but has to solve overcrowding as the main source of many problems in organizing adequate prison life for prisoners and also for the staff. Adequate staffing and incorporation of evaluation plans in special rehabilitation programs were also pointed out as important tasks. Omejitve raziskave: Examination of history of prisoner rehabilitation is sometimes problematic while the laws were rehabilitation oriented (on declarative level) but those who experienced that „law in action“ rarely agreed with that declaration. This may also be the result of different meaning of the term „rehabilitation“ (specially for certain types of prisoners) in different political climates. Praktična uporabnost: This paper showed that concept of rehabilitation may vary at definition level. Also, it prooved that some current elements of the execution of prison sentence (as a part of rehabilitation) have a long history. Izvirnost/pomembnost prispevka: This paper provides a first attempt (to authors knowledge) of Croatian prisoner rehabilitation evaluation.
Keywords: prisoner rehabilitation, prison system, special rehabilitation programs, Croatia
Published: 04.06.2012; Views: 1086; Downloads: 23
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3.
AWARENESS, POSITIONING AND A SELLING PROCESS APPROACH OF HOUSEHOLD APPLIANCES
Stanislav Okorn, 2012, master's thesis

Abstract: The main purpose of this master thesis was it, to figure out the market position of the Gorenje brand and his main rivals Bosch, Zanussi, Whirlpool and Miele on the Czech, Slovakian, Austrian, Slovenian and Croatian market of household appliances. Firstly branding, brand awareness, positioning and fundamental psychological knowledge in respect to consumer awareness were explained. Afterwards the survey was made. Lastly the analysis and the report of the research were committed. Positioning is a marketing strategy which focuses on a creation of a unique image. The effort should distinguish itself from the offers of the competition to be truly exclusive. Especially among inexperienced consumers brand awareness is of crucial importance. In regard to branding, it can be said that developing a decade- long brand identity can be a very positive situation, to put higher prices due to the tradition on a certain market. Many brands from the 19.and the beginning of 20. century are still existing and performing very well. If we compare the 5 household appliances markets between themselves, then major dissimilarities were visible in the research. The geographical distance cannot be the primary cause of this diverse condition. Language barriers preclude any real spiritual interchange among ordinary people of happening in large extent. Hence the German-speaking Austrians favor German brands, and Slovenians and Croatians prefer Gorenje, due to their common history and similar language. The respondents do not think that any of the brands is of low quality. In the field of consumer perception it could be acknowledged that a brand having the best quality and at the same time offering the cheapest price does not exist in any of the researched markets. Such expectations are also not realistic. In every economical sector brands with higher reputation of quality try to set higher prices, to make by this means higher profits possible.
Keywords: branding, brand awareness, positioning, psychological approach to consumer awareness, Gorenje, Bosch, Zanussi, Miele, Whirlpool, household appliances, research, Czech Republic, Slovakia, Austria, Slovenia, Croatia.
Published: 30.10.2012; Views: 1280; Downloads: 93
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4.
Fear of crime in Zagreb, Croatia
Irma Kovčo Vukadin, Tajana Ljubin, 2012, original scientific article

Abstract: Purpose: This study examines the three-dimensional concept of fear of crime and has three aims: 1) to investigate gender differences in the emotional, cognitive and behavioural dimensions of fear of crime; 2) to investigate the impact of victimization on different dimensions of fear of crime in men and women; and 3) to investigate the relation of incivilities to different dimensions of fear of crime. Design/Methods/Approach: Data for the study were gathered from the Fear of Crime Study which included participants living in the Croatian capital. The criteria variables included measures of the three dimensions of fear of crime (affective, cognitive and behavioural). Incivilities and prior victimization were predictors, while age and education were control variables. Findings: There was no difference between men and women in the perception of insecurity when walking alone in a neighbourhood after dark, either in the perceived likelihood of victimization or in perceived incivility. The findings suggest that there are some differences in the correlation pattern of the three analysed dimensions of fear of crime in the female and male samples. Hierarchical linear regressions show that in the male sample, victimization due to theft was positively related and sexual victimization was negatively related to perceived insecurity, while in women victimization added significantly only to protective strategies. In both the male and female sample, incivilities made a significant independent contribution to an explanation of the perception of endangerment, the likelihood of victimization and the seriousness of crime consequences. In addition, the contribution of some different patterns of incivilities to the dimensions of fear of crime was established for the male and female sample. Research Limitations/Implications: The research is limited to the Croatian capital. Future research should include a representative sample of the whole state. Practical implications: The results indicate the need for gender differentiation in programs for the greater safety of citizens. Originality/Value: The article gives a valuable insight into different dimensions and gender differences related to fear of crime. It also suggests the need for further clarity of operationalization.
Keywords: fear of crime, incivilities, prior victimization, gender differences, Zagreb, Croatia
Published: 10.07.2015; Views: 455; Downloads: 23
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5.
Wormlion Vermileo vermileo (l.) (Diptera: Vermileonidae) in Slovenia and Croatia
Dušan Devetak, 2008, original scientific article

Abstract: The occurrence of the wormlion species Vermileo vermileo (Linneeus, 1758) is confirmed for the Mediterranean region of Slovenia and Croatia. Its predatory larvae were found in substrates consisting of fine sand or powder, where they construct pitfall traps similar to those of antlions. Wormlion larvae were reared in laboratory to study their biology.
Keywords: zoologija, dvokrilci, volkci, črvasti volkec, Vermileo, Slovenija, Hrvaška, zoology, Diptera, wormlions, Vermileo, Slovenia, Croatia
Published: 10.07.2015; Views: 716; Downloads: 9
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6.
Methodical competence of teacher trainees in their written teacher certification examination
Vesna Bjedov, 2013, original scientific article

Abstract: The paper discusses methodical competence of teacher trainees in their written papers composed as part of their teacher certification examination. The aim of this discourse is to establish the existence of methodical competence of Croatian language teacher trainees in their written teacher certification examination. The paper focuses on the following categories: the application of theoretical methodical knowledge of basic sciences and special theoretical methodical knowledge, supporting theoretical knowledge and practical experience with examples, and finding references in literature on methodology. The research was conducted on 58 written papers of Croatian language teacher trainees in primary and secondary schools in the following counties: Istria, Primorje-Gorski Kotar, Lika-Senj, Zagreb, Međimurje, Varaždin, Osijek-Baranja, Brod-Posavina, Požega-Slavonia, and Virovitica-Podravina. Based on this research study it was established that Croatian language teacher trainees show methodical competence especially with regard to the application of theoretical methodical knowledge of basic sciences and special theoretical methodical knowledge and references in literature on methodology.
Keywords: competences, methodical competences, examinations, Croatia
Published: 21.12.2015; Views: 346; Downloads: 29
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7.
Germination characteristics of Salicornia patula Duval-Jouve, S. emerici Duval-Jouve, and S. veneta Pign. et Lausi and their occurrence in Croatia
Nina Šajna, Marjana Regvar, Simona Kaligarič, Željko Škvorc, Mitja Kaligarič, 2013, original scientific article

Abstract: According to recent molecular analyses of Salicornia, we revised the annual glassworts from the Croatian coast, classified until now only as Salicornia europaea. Two species, a diploid Salicornia patula and a tetraploid S. emerici were recognized. They can be easily distinguished by floral characters, but not only by their habitus, which varies extremely according to environmental factors. Both species differ also in seed morphology. Salicornia patula has dimorphic seeds, with larger central seeds reaching high germination rates. Germination patterns helped to explain the habitat preferences. The species rarely co-occur, however. The rare S. patula occupies drier habitats, on coastal mudflats or sands that are irregularly inundated. It occurs within the assoc. Suaedo maritimae-Salicornietum patulae. Salicornia emerici occupies the lowest coastal mudflats, regularly inundated, where nutrient-rich conditions prevail, and forms an almost monotypical assoc. Salicornietum emerici. Due to the synonymy of S. veneta with S. emerici, we exclude the occurrence of S. veneta in Croatia as an independent taxon.
Keywords: botany, vegetation, Croatia
Published: 28.03.2017; Views: 365; Downloads: 209
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8.
Least adder's-tongue (Ophioglossum lusitanicum L.) in Croatia - distribution, ecology and conservation
Slavko Brana, Nina Vuković, Mitja Kaligarič, 2014, original scientific article

Abstract: The presence of the least adder's tongue (Ophioglossum lusitanicum) in Croatia is sparsely documented in scientific literature, with only a few records to date. After findings from the 19th century, the species was not confirmed in the field for a whole century, and was consequently considered extinct in the Croatian flora. It has been recently confirmed in southern Istria (Croatia), in habitats with moderate anthropogenic impacts.
Keywords: Croatia, distribution, endangered species, flora, Istria, Ophioglossum lusitanicum
Published: 28.03.2017; Views: 394; Downloads: 223
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9.
Dependence between Croatian and European stock markets
Silvo Dajčman, 2013, original scientific article

Abstract: The objective of this paper is to analyze dependence structure between the returns of Croatian and five European stock markets (Austrian, French, German, Italian, and the U.K.ʼs). We propose a copula GARCH approach, where the return series are modeled as univariate GARCH processes and the dependence structure between the return series is defined by a copula function. Four different copulas are fitted - a constant and conditional normal and symmetric Joe-Clayton (SJC) copulas - and estimated by a semi-parametric method. We found that the time-varying normal copula yields the best fit for CROBEX-CAC40, CROBEX-DAX, and CROBEX-FTSE-MIB stock indices pairs, while the time-varying SJC copula is the best fit for CROBEX-ATX and CROBEX-FTSE100. Further, we found that the probability of simultaneous extreme positive and negative returns in Croatian and other European stock markets can increase to 0.77 during turbulent times. The lower and upper tail dependence dynamics between Croatian and other European stock markets is similar in pattern, differing only in scale. The basic conclusion of the research is that the dependence between the stock markets of Croatia and five major European stock markets is dynamic and can be properly captured by either a dynamic normal or symmetrized Joe-Clayton copula GARCH models.
Keywords: stock market, stock companies, econometric models, Croatia, EU, dependence, copula GARCH
Published: 17.07.2017; Views: 308; Downloads: 70
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10.
Long memory in the Croatian and Hungarian stock market returns
Mejra Festić, Alenka Kavkler, Silvo Dajčman, 2012, original scientific article

Abstract: The objective of this paper is to analyze and compare the fractal structure of the Croatian and Hungarian stock market returns. The presence of long memory components in asset returns provides evidence against the weak-form of stock market effi ciency. The starting working hypothesis that there is no long memory in the Croatian and Hungarian stock market returns is tested by applying the Kwiatkowski-Phillips-Schmidt-Shin (KPSS) (1992) test, Loʼs (1991) modified rescaled range (R/S) test, and the wavelet ordinary least squares (WOLS) estimator of Jensen (1999). The research showed that the WOLS estimator may lead to different conclusions regarding long memory presence in the stock returns from the KPSS and unit root tests or Loʼs R/S test. Furthermore, it proved that the fractal structure of individual stock returns may be masked in aggregated stock market returns (i.e. in returns of stock index). The main finding of the paper is that both the Croatian stock index Crobex and individual stocks in this index exhibit long memory. Long memory is identified for some stocks in the Hungarian stock market as well, but not for the stock market index BUX. Based on the results of the long memory tests, it can be concluded that while the Hungarian stock market is weak form efficient, the Croatian stock market is not.
Keywords: stock market, long memory, efficient-market hypothesis, Croatia, Hungary
Published: 18.07.2017; Views: 297; Downloads: 45
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