Irish English: Vocabulary and PronunciationLidija Potočnik
, 2012, undergraduate thesis
Abstract: English is a world language. In UK, USA, Australia, Canada, Ireland, New Zealand it is spoken as a first language. There are numerous countries where English is spoken as a second language and in even more countries where English is spoken as a foreign language. Nowadays English is considered to be lingua franca of the world communication.
There exist different varieties of English, and Irish English is one of them. English was brought to Ireland by the British in the seventeenth century. Therefore, Irish English is strongly influenced by Irish language which is the first official language in Ireland; English is the second.
There are two main varieties of English in Ireland; Northern and Southern variety. Northern variety was historically influenced by the Scots English, and Southern Irish English developed under the influence of English English. Therefore there exist several varieties of pronunciation and differences in vocabulary. Of course, both Irish English varieties differ from British English in vocabulary and pronunciation and that is also emphasized in this graduation thesis.
Keywords: Irish English, British English, vocabulary, pronunciation, Irish language
Published: 06.02.2013; Views: 1478; Downloads: 98
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PHONETIC ANALYSIS OF THE COCKNEY DIALECT IN THE TV SERIES EASTENDERSTina Novak
, 2015, undergraduate thesis
Abstract: The graduation thesis presents the dialectal features of Cockney in the series EastEnders. The theoretical part includes the definitions of the following concepts: language variety, dialect levelling, accent, dialect. This is followed by a brief presentation of the historical background and social perception of Cockney. The last and most extended segment of the theoretical part presents the linguistic features of Cockney, with emphasis on the phonological characteristics and the comparison of its phonological features with those of Received Pronunciation and Estuary English. The empirical part consists of the phonetic transcription of two chosen episodes of EastEnders, accounted for through auditory analysis. As in spoken conversation, especially in rapid speech, the neighbouring phonemes of words affect each other’s articulation, consideration is given to most common accommodation processes that appear in connected speech: assimilation, elision, epenthesis, and liaison. The aim of the graduation thesis is to analyse the phonetic features of Cockney in EastEnders. Moreover, the examination indicates how frequently a certain Cockney feature is used by each speaker and in what way its occurrence varies depending on the age, gender, and education of the characters in the series. The results of the statistical analysis are given for each phoneme separately.
Keywords: Cockney, phonetic analysis, EastEnders, British English, dialectology, phonetics, phonology, statistical analysis
Published: 19.01.2016; Views: 1207; Downloads: 86
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Foreign students' speech in EnglandManca Potušek
, 2016, undergraduate thesis
Abstract: The diploma thesis focuses on the influence of the French, Italian and Spanish language on the Standard Southern British English pronunciation. The research is based on the recordings of 10 French, 9 Italian and 9 Spanish students who spent half a year in England as Erasmus exchange students.
The theoretical part starts with an introductory chapter describing a short history of all four languages, as well as the position of the English language in the world and in the European Union. East Midlands English and Standard Southern British English are then presented with their phonological characteristics. Furthermore, the vowel systems of French, Italian and Spanish language are presented together with the most common errors the speakers of these languages encounter when pronouncing English vowels. In the following chapter the term “interlanguage” and research methods as Contrastive Analysis and Error Analysis are described. In the last segment of the theoretical part we are dealing with so-called formants which are frequencies that the vowels are made of and are essential for identification of a vowel.
In the empirical part, Error Analysis is used as a research method. The key part of the research is the analysis of the recordings of foreign students’ pronunciation of 11 SSBE vowels. The results of the research clearly prove a strong influence of the French, Italian, and Spanish accents on the pronunciation of SSBE vowels, as well as a great impact of General American. To analyse the data, the descriptive method was used.
The findings of the dissertation could be of help to other researchers or English teachers should they find themselves teaching in France, Italy or Spain.
Keywords: Standard Southern British English, vowels, formants, foreign students, Error Analysis
Published: 08.09.2016; Views: 329; Downloads: 42
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Testing pronunciation varieties of English in primary school through pictorial and textual inputMejade Tomažič
, 2016, undergraduate thesis
Abstract: We are surrounded with different varieties of English language. We listen to English music or radio shows, watch English movies and shows and watch English videos on the internet. The most common varieties that we encounter are British English and American English, which have distinctive differences in stress and pronunciation. Because we encounter both varieties daily, we have found it interesting to see which one prevails in our primary schools. The British English variety is primarily taught in school and the American variety is all around us and is thus more likely to be acquired. Children acquire a foreign language very easily if they are in contact with it on a regular basis. This is as nowadays, as we all hear English lyrics on the radio or hear English conversations on TV.
The thesis focuses on the factors that might influence the choice of the English variety. It explores if the input, whether it is pictorial with pictures or textual with words, influences the choice of variety. It also presents connections between the pronunciation of more frequent and less frequent words with choice of variety, the influence of the pupils’ backgrounds, and way of learning English.
Keywords: word recognition, working and long-term memory, second language, language acquisition, language learning, British and American English pronunciation.
Published: 15.11.2016; Views: 737; Downloads: 29
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