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1.
Resveratrol food supplement products and the challenges of accurate label information to ensure food safety for consumers
Maja Bensa, Irena Vovk, Vesna Glavnik, 2023, original scientific article

Abstract: The food supplement market is growing as many consumers wish to complement their nutrient intake. Despite all the regulations in place to ensure food supplements safety, there are still many cases of irregularities reported especially connected to internet sales. Twenty resveratrol food supplement products sold on the Slovenian market were evaluated on their compliance of declared vs. determined resveratrol content, as well as the compliance of labels with the European Union (EU) and Slovenian regulatory requirements. Both the ingredient contents and food information are important parts of food safety. Analyses of 20 food supplements performed using high-performance thin-layer chromatography (HPTLC) coupled with densitometry showed that 95% of products had contents different from what was declared and 55% of products contained higher contents than declared. In 25% of the products the determined content per unit exceeded the maximum level (150 mg/day) specified in EU novel food conditions for food supplement with trans-resveratrol. Evaluation of the 20 food supplement labels included mandatory and voluntary food information, food supplement information, novel food information, health claims and nutrition claims. Most labels contained the necessary information, but multiple errors were observed ranging from typos to misleading practices. From a food safety perspective there is still a lot of improvement needed in the field of food supplements.
Keywords: trans-resveratrol, dietary supplements, food safety, regulation, labels, health claims, nutrition claims, novel foods, high-performance thin-layer chromatography, HPTLC
Published in DKUM: 15.04.2024; Views: 144; Downloads: 8
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2.
Razvoj platforme na osnovi tankoplastne kromatografije za detekcijo fenolnih spojin v kompleksnih matricah vzorcev hrane in rastlinskih ekstraktov : magistrsko delo
Maja Bensa, 2022, master's thesis

Abstract: Z uporabo denzitometrije in analize slik je bila razvita platforma na osnovi tankoplastne kromatografije za detekcijo 93 fenolnih spojin s sedmimi detekcijskimi reagenti na treh stacionarnih fazah (HPTLC: silikagel, silikagel F254 in celuloza). Platformo sestavljata: baza slik, dokumentiranih pri vidni svetlobi, 254 nm in 366 nm, in baza absorpcijskih spektrov (190–800 nm) spojin. Slike in spektri so bili posneti pred derivatizacijo in po derivatizaciji z vsemi sedmimi detekcijskimi reagenti. Platforma omogoča večdimenzionalno primerjavo in s tem odpira veliko možnosti za načrtovanje študij in podporo pri kemijskih analizah. Primerjamo lahko več faktorjev, ki vključujejo: stacionarne faze, svetlobo za detekcijo (pri dokumentaciji), absorpcijske spektre z maksimumi, derivatizacijske reagente, skupine in podskupine fenolnih spojin, posamezne fenolne spojine itd. Uporabni potencial platforme je predvsem v načrtovanju analiz fenolnih spojin (izbor optimalnih pogojev detekcije) v vzorcih s kompleksnimi matricami, kot so vzorci hrane in rastlinski ekstrakti. Platforma je bila uporabljena za izbor optimalnih pogojev detekcije pri kvantitativnih analizah resveratrola v 20 prehranskih dopolnilih. Analize, izvedene z metodo na osnovi tankoplastne kromatografije visoke ločljivosti v povezavi z denzitometrijo, so pokazale, da se pri kar 95 % izdelkov določene vsebnosti ne ujemajo z deklariranimi vsebnostmi in da so pri 55 % izdelkov določene vsebnosti večje od deklariranih. Pri 25 % izdelkov so določene vsebnosti na enoto presegale predpisano najvišjo dovoljeno raven za prehranska dopolnila s trans-resveratrolom (150 mg/dan). Preverjena je bila skladnost označb 22 prehranskih dopolnil z regulatornimi zahtevami za označevanje hrane in prehranskih dopolnil. Večina označb je vsebovala potrebne informacije, a so bile prisotne tudi številne napake.
Keywords: HPTLC, fenolne spojine, detekcijski reagenti, prehranska dopolnila, označevanje živil
Published in DKUM: 10.10.2022; Views: 508; Downloads: 0
.pdf Full text (5,44 MB)

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