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1.
VPLIV TOPIL NA MORFOLOŠKO STRUKTURO POROZNIH ZAMREŽENIH POLISTIRENSKIH MEMBRAN
Silvo Seifried, 2009, undergraduate thesis

Abstract: Namen diplomske naloge je bil raziskati vpliv različnih topil (porogenih) na morfološko strukturo poroznih zamreženih polistirenskih membran. Iz organske in vodne faze smo pripravili vodno-oljne (v/o) emulzije z visokim deležem notranje faze (HIPE). Nastale emulzije smo nanesli na stekleno ploščo v tanki plasti in jih polimerizirali s povišano temperaturo. Po čiščenju smo dobili porozne zamrežene poliHIPE membrane. Membrane smo pripravili na osnovi stirena, zamreženega z divinilbenzenom (DVB). Spreminjali smo delež vodne faze (75 % in 85 %) in delež DVB (2 % in 4 %). Da bi raziskali vpliv topil na strukturo membran, smo membrane modificirali z dodatkom plastifikatorja (2-etilheksil akrilat) in dveh porogenih topil (toluen in klorobenzen). Vse dobljene membrane smo okarakterizirali z merjenjem njihove končne debeline, s pretočnostjo za deionozirano vodo in z določitvijo stopnje nabrekanja v štirih različnih topilih (v vodi, acetonitrilu, toluenu in kloroformu). V izdelavo membran smo vključili tudi 4-nitrofenil akrilat kot reaktivno komponento v organski fazi, zaradi možnosti nadaljnje funkcionalizacije membran in uporabe pri sinteznih tehnikah.
Keywords: stiren, divinilbenzen, polimeri, emulzije z visokim deležem notranje faze (HIPE), poliHIPE materiali, membrane
Published: 06.08.2009; Views: 2506; Downloads: 132
.pdf Full text (2,45 MB)

2.
Poly(styrene-co-divinylbenzene-co-2-ethylhexyl)acrilate membranes with interconnected macroporous structure
Urška Sevšek, Silvo Seifried, Črtomir Stropnik, Irena Pulko, Peter Krajnc, 2011, original scientific article

Abstract: A combination of doctor blading and emulsion templating was used to prepare macroporous poly(styrene-co-divinylbenzene-co-2-ethylhexylacrylate) and poly(styrene-co-divinylbenzene) membranes with an interconnected porous structure. Water in oil high internal phase emulsions including monomers in the oil phase were cast onto a glass plate and polymerised at elevated temperature. After purification porous polyHIPE membranes were obtained. The volume ratio of aqueous phase (75 % or 85 %) and the molar ratio of divinylbenzene (2 % or 4 %) were varied, while the addition of chlorobenzene to the oil phase influenced the viscosity of the emulsions. A comonomer, 2-ethylhexylacrylate substantially improved the flexibility of the membranes. All yielding membranes were characterized by measuring their cast thicknesses and flow densities for deionised water. Scanning electron microscopy was used to study the morphological features of the membranes.
Keywords: membrane, porous polymers, polyHIPE, emulsions
Published: 10.07.2015; Views: 1022; Downloads: 81
.pdf Full text (668,83 KB)
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