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1.
Acceptance of GIS within ERP system : research study in higher education
Simona Sternad Zabukovšek, Polona Tominc, Zdenko Deželak, Gaik Nalbandyan, Samo Bobek, 2022, original scientific article

Abstract: GIS is often used in companies where employees already use enterprise information systems/enterprise resource planning (ERP) systems and where both systems are used simultaneously. This article is a research study of GIS acceptance by users using GIS, not as a stand-alone tool, but as an integrated tool into the ERP system. The research was conducted using the Technology Acceptance Model (TAM), one of the most often used research models for researching behavioral intention and actual use of information systems. For this research study, TAM has been modified and extended with external factors. The main research objective is to identify determinants of GIS acceptance and the attitude of individuals toward using GIS integrated with ERP systems. The structural equation model with partial least squares (PLS) method was used to analyze collected survey data. The study researched 12 external factors in the TAM model, out of which 10 were found significant. The most important factors that impact behavioral intention to use ERP-GIS systems are perceived usefulness of ERP-GIS systems and attitude toward using GIS, followed by education and training about ERP-GIS systems and perceived enjoyment using ERP-GIS systems.
Keywords: geographic information systems (GIS), enterprise resource planning (ERP), GIS and ERP integration, GIS acceptance, technology acceptance model (TAM)
Published in DKUM: 09.07.2024; Views: 40; Downloads: 2
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2.
Enhancing PLS-SEM-Enabled research with ANN and IPMA : research study of enterprise resource planning (ERP) systems’ acceptance based on the technology acceptance model (TAM)
Simona Sternad Zabukovšek, Samo Bobek, Uroš Zabukovšek, Zoran Kalinić, Polona Tominc, 2022, original scientific article

Abstract: PLS-SEM has been used recently more and more often in studies researching critical factors influencing the acceptance and use of information systems, especially when the technology acceptance model (TAM) is implemented. TAM has proved to be the most promising model for researching different viewpoints regarding information technologies, tools/applications, and the acceptance and use of information systems by the employees who act as the end-users in companies. However, the use of advanced PLS-SEM techniques for testing the extended TAM research models for the acceptance of enterprise resource planning (ERP) systems is scarce. The present research aims to fill this gap and aims to show how PLS-SEM results can be enhanced by advanced techniques: artificial neural network analysis (ANN) and Importance–Performance Matrix Analysis (IPMA). ANN was used in this research study to overcome the limitations of PLS-SEM regarding the linear relationships in the model. IPMA was used in evaluating the importance and performance of factors/drivers in the SEM. From the methodological point of view, results show that the research approach with ANN artificial intelligence complements the results of PLS-SEM while allowing the capture of nonlinear relationships between the variables of the model and the determination of the relative importance of each factor studied. On other hand, IPMA enables the identification of factors with relatively low performance but relatively high importance in shaping dependent variables.
Keywords: traditional PLS-SEM, artificial neural network (ANN) analysis, Importance–Performance Matrix Analysis (IPMA), ERP system acceptance, TAM model
Published in DKUM: 09.07.2024; Views: 51; Downloads: 2
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3.
Attractiveness of collaborative platforms for sustainable e-learning in business studies
Simona Sternad Zabukovšek, Zdenko Deželak, Silvia Parusheva, Samo Bobek, 2022, original scientific article

Abstract: E-learning platforms have become more and more complex. Their functionality included in learning management systems is extended with collaborative platforms, which allow better communication, group collaboration, and face-to-face lectures. Universities are facing the challenge of advanced use of these platforms to fulfil sustainable learning goals. Better usability and attractiveness became essential in successful e-learning platforms, especially due to the more intensive interactivity expected from students. In the study, we researched the user experience of students who have used Moodle, Microsoft Teams, and Google Meet. User experience is, in most cases, connected with a person’s perception, person’s feelings, and satisfaction with the platform used. Data were collected using a standard UEQ questionnaire. With this research, we examined whether user experience factors: perceived efficiency, perceived perspicuity, perceived dependability, perceived stimulation, and perceived novelty affect perceived attractiveness, which is an important factor in the sustainability of e-learning tools. The collected data were processed using SmartPLS. The research study showed that all studied factors have a statistically significant impact on perceived attractiveness. Factor perceived stimulation has the strongest statistically significant impact on the perceived attractiveness of e-learning platforms, followed by perceived efficiency, perceived perspicuity, perceived novelty, and perceived dependability.
Keywords: e-learning platform, collaboration platform, usability, user experience
Published in DKUM: 09.07.2024; Views: 43; Downloads: 2
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4.
Usklajenost poslovnih rešitev s poslovnimi zahtevami
Uroš Zabukovšek, 2024, doctoral dissertation

Abstract: Usklajenost informacijske in poslovne strategije je ključnega pomena za uspeh sodobnih podjetij. Množica raziskav ugotavlja, da so lahko celo najboljše strategije neuspešne zaradi pomanjkanja usklajenosti med IT in poslovnimi cilji. Ta problem usklajenosti se kaže kot ena izmed največjih težav med IT strokovnjaki in poslovnimi vodji. V podjetjih morajo vse organizacijske enote sodelovati in podpirati skupne cilje. IT oddelek je ključnega pomena pri tem, saj ponuja storitve in izdelke, ki so nujni za optimizacijo delovanja podjetja. Da bi dosegli usklajenost, je potrebno zagotoviti, da je prisotna na vseh nivojih organizacije, od organizacijskega do individualnega. Za objektivno obravnavo usklajenosti pa je ključno razviti metode in orodja za merjenje stopnje usklajenosti, kar je še vedno predmet raziskav na področju managerskih informacijskih sistemov. Raziskave s področja usklajevanja poslovne in IT strategije (BITA) poudarjajo praktično vrednost usklajevanja obeh strategij, saj prinašajo direktni vpliv na delovanje podjetja. Zgodnejše raziskave so se osredotočale na primerjavo poslovnega načrta in IT načrta, druge so se osredotočale na povezavo med poslovno strategijo in strategijo IT, nato prileganje poslovnih potreb in prioritet informacijskih sistemov IT. Digitalne tehnologije revolucionarno spreminjajo merjenje in upravljanje okoljskih in trajnostnih vidikov poslovanja, vendar optimalno izvajanje in uporaba digitalnih tehnologij, ki podpirajo trajnost podjetij, ostaja izziv. Izhodišče naše raziskave je bilo je bilo raziskati različne vidike BITA ter načine merjenja nivoja zrelosti usklajevanja v katerem se nahaja podjetje. Zanimalo nas je tudi kako BITA vpliva na uspešnost poslovanja organizacije. Glede na obstoječe raziskave BITA smo se osredotočili na manj raziskane dejavnike, kot je vpliv BITA na Korporativno trajnost ter posredne vplive dejavnikov kakovosti IT storitev in delo na daljavo na uspešnost poslovanja organizacije. Z področjem BITA so povezane različne tematike med katerimi lahko izpostavimo strateške informacijske sisteme, ki so informacijski sistemi, ki podpirajo ali oblikujejo konkurenčno strategijo organizacije in so ključne za uspešno poslovanje organizacij. Uspešnost uvedbe in uporabe navedenih sistemov je hkrati tesno povezana z zrelostjo BITA podjetja. Obravnavana tema doktorske disertacije bo prispevala k večjemu razumevanju pomena BITA in stopnje zrelosti v podjetjih in kako BITA vpliva neposredno in posredno (preko kakovosti IT storitev in dela na daljavo) na uspešnost podjetja. Poleg navedenega ta raziskava prispeva k razumevanju pomena BITA in IT storitev pri uvajanju korporativne trajnosti in trajnostnih iniciativ. Pričakujemo, da bo naša raziskava omogočila da bodo podjetja lažje uskladila IT storitve z poslovanjem in se osredotočila na ključne dejavnike, ki vplivajo na uspešnost poslovanja. V primeru, da se za podjetje naredi raziskava primera pa lahko podjetje poleg navedenega pridobi vpogled v pomembnost posameznih dejavnikov in se osredotoči na njih z namenom optimiranja ter usklajevanja IT in poslovnih procesov podjetja.
Keywords: usklajenost informacijske strategije s poslovno strategijo (BITA), kakovost IT storitev, delo na daljavo, korporativna trajnost, modeliranje strukturnih enačb (SEM), delni najmanjši kvadrati (PLS).
Published in DKUM: 13.06.2024; Views: 118; Downloads: 17
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5.
Sistem sledljivosti na osnovi veriženja blokov in povezovanje podatkov za optimizacijo kratke dobavne verige
Marina Balaic, 2024, master's thesis

Abstract: V kratki dobavni verigi so z željo, da bi zagotovili sledljivost pridelkov od kmeta do končnega potrošnika, pripravili strategijo, ki bo podprla njihov poslovni proces, z rešitvijo sledljivosti končnih produktov. Tovrstne implementacije zahtevajo velik doprinos in finančni vložek organizacije kot tudi celostno spremembo procesa v kratki dobavni verigi. Potreben je pravočasen in celovit pristop, ki omogoča učinkovito delovanje implementirane rešitve. Magistrsko delo obravnava temo sistema sledljivosti na osnovi veriženja blokov, ki omogoča povezovanje in optimizacijo podatkov v kontekstu kratke dobavne verige za boljšo preglednost, učinkovitost in sledljivost. V začetku magistrske naloge smo si zastavili tri hipoteze, ki smo jih preučili z analiziranjem literature in praktičnih primerov. Tehnologija veriženja blokov prinaša obsežne spremembe za oskrbovalne verige na vseh področjih, ki še posebej izrazito vplivajo na ključne udeležence v oskrbovalnih verigah in končne uporabnike. V teoretičnem delu smo se tako natančneje osredotočili na predstavitev sistema sledljivosti v splošnem kontekstu oskrbovalnih verig, nato pa natančneje predstavili vpeljavo sistema sledljivosti na osnovi veriženja blokov v kratke dobavne verige. Aplikativni del magistrske naloge je bil namenjen predstavitvi kratke dobavne verige Zelene točke in predstavitvi zasnove ideje in modela implementacije tehnologije sledljivosti v kratko dobavno verigo. V nadaljevanju smo predstavili aplikacijo sledljivosti, ki jo aktivno uporabljajo udeleženci, ter predstavili praktičen primer vnašanja informacij in uporabe te aplikacije na mobilnem telefonu. S konkretnim primerom smo prikazali sledljivost pridelka od pridelovalca do police v trgovini in prikazali skeniranje QR kode na deklaraciji proizvoda s strani potrošnika. Opredelili smo izzive, prednosti in slabosti vpeljave sistema sledljivosti v izbrani kratki dobavni verigi. Zaključili smo z diskusijo o sedanji praksi poslovanja kratke dobavne verige ter predstavili predloge in priložnosti za nadaljnje izboljšave na področju sledljivosti in razvoja poslovanja.
Keywords: Sledljivost, tehnologija veriženja blokov, optimizacija podatkov, oskrbovalna veriga, kratka dobavna veriga.
Published in DKUM: 14.05.2024; Views: 150; Downloads: 23
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6.
Sustainable higher education : from e-learning to smart education
Silvia Parusheva, Samo Bobek, Simona Sternad Zabukovšek, 2023, preface, editorial, afterword

Published in DKUM: 02.04.2024; Views: 130; Downloads: 8
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7.
Managing document management systems’ life cycle in relation to an organization’s maturity for digital transformation
Simona Sternad Zabukovšek, Sandra Jordan, Samo Bobek, 2023, original scientific article

Abstract: Document management systems (DMS) have become an important topic regarding digital transformation in organizations because they enable paperless business, speed up processes, lower business costs, and support sustainability activities in organizations. DMSs should be considered as green technology and also as technology crucial for green digital transformation. Sustainability is becoming increasingly crucial for organizations and society, and DMSs, along with paperless business, can contribute to the sustainable orientation of organizations. However, the problem with DMS implementations is that they often fail and that DMS users often use DMSs at a basic level, which means that, among other things, they still prefer to print documents rather than use electronic documents. A framework that can contribute to a better implementation and a higher level of use of DMSs, which both lead to a more green digital transformation of the organization, represents an organization's maturity. We used the Process and Enterprise Maturity Model (PEMM) to assess the organization's maturity level concerning the DMS' life cycle. Findings are presented from the research study. The research study was based on a questionnaire and collected data from DMS users. The research study showed that an organization's maturity impacts the DMS' life cycle. Organizations that manage the DMS' life cycle will better cope with digital transformation and sustainability issues related to paperless business.
Keywords: digitalization of processes, document management system (DMS), organization maturity, process maturity, life cycle, digital transformation
Published in DKUM: 16.02.2024; Views: 355; Downloads: 11
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8.
Business IT alignment impact on corporate sustainability
Uroš Zabukovšek, Polona Tominc, Samo Bobek, 2023, original scientific article

Abstract: Business-IT alignment (BITA) has become crucial for effective organisational management in today's interconnected global economy. This article investigates the relationship between BITA and corporate sustainability, exploring how businesses can leverage BITA for sustainable growth and development. The study employs a case research approach in a multinational manufacturing organisation, utilising a mixed methods research (MMR) design. In the quantitative part of the research, the PLS-SEM technique was used to examine the influence of six BITA factors on employees' self-perceived action competence for sustainability (SPACS). This study confirmed that all six BITA factors strongly influence all three SPACS factors. In the qualitative part of the research, semi-structured interviews were used to measure the BITA maturity level of the organisation and the influence of BITA factors on corporate sustainability. Based on quantitative and qualitative research results, it can be confirmed that BITA strongly influences corporate sustainability. Results also confirm that there is no universal approach to BITA and its influence on corporate sustainability. Organisations must focus on all factors of BITA equally to achieve better levels of BITA and ensure its influence on corporate sustainability.
Keywords: business–IT alignment (BITA), corporate sustainability, SPACS, case research, mixed methods research (MMR), PLS-SEM
Published in DKUM: 14.02.2024; Views: 265; Downloads: 12
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9.
Digitalna transformacija in trajnostni razvoj
Tanja Germ, 2023, master's thesis

Abstract: Magistrsko delo obravnava temo digitalne transformacije in njenega vpliva na trajnostni razvoj podjetij. V začetku smo si zastavili tri hipoteze, ki smo jih z analiziranjem razpoložljive literature preučili. Ponuja vpogled v zapleteno prepletanje digitalne transformacije in trajnostnega razvoja ter poudarja pomen premišljenega pristopa k obema področjema za uspešne in trajnostne organizacije. Opredelili smo tudi ključne izzive in ovire, s katerimi se soočajo podjetja pri vključevanju trajnostnih in digitalnih dejavnosti. Ti izzivi vključujejo težavnost uvajanja novih tehnologij, prilagajanje poslovnih modelov, potrebo po stalnem usposabljanju zaposlenih in spremembe v organizacijski kulturi. Naša raziskava je tudi pokazala, da je za uspešno trajnostno transformacijo potreben celovit pristop, ki vključuje tako tehnološke in poslovne vidike kot tudi družbeno odgovornost podjetij. Poudarili smo tudi pomen skrbnega vodenja in upravljanja v procesu digitalne transformacije ter trajnostnega razvoja. Organizacije, ki so uspešno združile te vidike, dojemamo kot bolj inovativne, imajo pa tudi konkurenčno prednost ter sposobnost prilagajanja hitrim spremembam na trgu. Iz v začetku zastavljenih ciljev so izhajale tri hipoteze, ki smo jih potrdili, saj je bila ugotovljena visoka prepletenost med pojmoma digitalna transformacija in trajnostni razvoj. Tu pa je polno še drugih spremljevalnih tehnologij, strategij in pojmov, s katerimi se srečujejo podjetja na poti do trajnostnega poslovanja.
Keywords: Digitalna transformacija, trajnostni razvoj, trajnostno poslovanje, krožna ekonomija, okolje, družbena odgovornost, digitalizacija.
Published in DKUM: 26.10.2023; Views: 496; Downloads: 135
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10.
Delovanje erp rešitev v računalniškem oblaku
Nina Margon, 2013, undergraduate thesis

Abstract: V 21. stoletju je tehnološki napredek dosegel že zelo veliko. Pojavljati so se začeli vedno novi in novi trendi, ki silijo podjetja k spreminjanju in posodabljanju svojega poslovanja in k novim trendom, ki jih narekuje trg. Podjetja, ki se slabo prilagajajo razmeram na trgu, so običajno tista, ki ne preživijo in jih pokoplje konkurenca. Ravno iz tega razloga je potrebno, predvsem za podjetja, spremljati trg na katerem se nahajajo in se mu prilagajati, zaznati spremembe in jih čim prej odpraviti, da podjetje lahko nemoteno posluje naprej ter jih konkurenca ne prehiti.
Keywords: Računalništvo v oblaku, ERP rešitve, Cloud Computing, SAP, Microsoft Dynamics NAV
Published in DKUM: 18.10.2023; Views: 379; Downloads: 10
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