Self-reported chronic conditions in student population in SloveniaZalika Klemenc-Ketiš
, Žiga Hladnik
, Danica Rotar-Pavlič
, Mieke Post
, Janko Kersnik
, 2010, original scientific article
Abstract: Purpose/Objective: The aims of this study were (1) to determine the prevalence of chronic diseases in a student population in Slovenia, (2) to determine the effects of chronic diseases on the use of health services.
Methods: A cross-sectional web-survey among university students in Ljubljana and Maribor, Slovenia took place in March and April 2008. Data were analyzed using SPSS version 13.0 (SPSS Inc, Chicago, IL, USA),and chi-square test, t-test and binary logistic regression analysis were performed.
Results: The prevalence of chronic diseases in the student population was 40.3 %. The most common chronic diseases were allergies (excluding hay fever) (14.9 %), hay fever (11.4 %), followed by skin diseases (9.2 %) and anxiety (5.3 %). Both high blood pressure and asthma had a higher prevalence in men than in women (p < 0.001 and p = 0.023, respectively). Students with chronic conditions less often thought that they can influence their own health by self-treatment, experienced stress in the previous week, more likely visited or contacted his/her personal doctor in the past year, more likely purchased medications for self-treatment from a pharmacist in the past year, were more aware of the facts that self-treatment may hide the symptoms and signs of illness to such extent that the doctor may not be able to recognize it or overlook it completely.
Conclusion: A greater awareness of the prevalence and impact of chronic diseases in students is warranted and the existing interventions should be changed in order to achieve a better life quality of university students.
Keywords: students, chronic disease, prevalence, self-care, quality of life
Published: 28.03.2017; Views: 326; Downloads: 29
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