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1.
Green Processing of Neat Poly(lactic acid) Using Carbon Dioxide under Elevated Pressure for Preparation of Advanced Materials : A Review (2012–2022)
Stoja L. Milovanović, Ivana Lukic, Gabrijela Horvat, Zoran Novak, Sulamith Frerich, Marcus Petermann, Carlos A. García-González, 2023, review article

Abstract: This review provides a concise overview of up-to-date developments in the processing of neat poly(lactic acid) (PLA), improvement in its properties, and preparation of advanced materials using a green medium (CO2 under elevated pressure). Pressurized CO2 in the dense and supercritical state is a superior alternative medium to organic solvents, as it is easily available, fully recyclable, has easily tunable properties, and can be completely removed from the final material without post-processing steps. This review summarizes the state of the art on PLA drying, impregnation, foaming, and particle generation by the employment of dense and supercritical CO2 for the development of new materials. An analysis of the effect of processing methods on the final material properties was focused on neat PLA and PLA with an addition of natural bioactive components. It was demonstrated that CO2-assisted processes enable the control of PLA properties, reduce operating times, and require less energy compared to conventional ones. The described environmentally friendly processing techniques and the versatility of PLA were employed for the preparation of foams, aerogels, scaffolds, microparticles, and nanoparticles, as well as bioactive materials. These PLA-based materials can find application in tissue engineering, drug delivery, active food packaging, compostable packaging, wastewater treatment, or thermal insulation, among others.
Keywords: aerogels, drying, foaming, impregnation, particle generation, PLA
Published in DKUM: 06.02.2024; Views: 223; Downloads: 8
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2.
Effect of drying parameters on physiochemical and sensory properties of fruit powders processed by PGSS-, vacuum- and spray-drying
Urban Feguš, Uroš Žigon, Marcus Petermann, Željko Knez, 2015, original scientific article

Abstract: Aim of this experimental work was to investigate the possibility of producing fruit powders without employing drying aid and to investigate the effect of drying temperature on the final powder characteristics. Raw fruit materials (banana puree, strawberry puree and blueberry concentrate) were processed using three different drying techniques each opera- ting at different temperature conditions: vacuum-drying (–27–17 °C), spray-drying (130–160 °C) and PGSS-drying (112–152 °C). Moisture content, total colour difference, antioxidant activity and sensory characteristics of the proces- sed fruit powders were analysed. The results obtained from the experimental work indicate that investigated fruit pow- ders without or with minimal addition of maltodextrin can be produced. Additionally, it was observed that an increase in process temperature results in a higher loss of colour, reduced antioxidant activity and intensity of the flavour profile.
Keywords: particles from gas saturated solutions drying, vacuum-drying, spray-drying, sensory evaluation, fruit powders
Published in DKUM: 18.08.2017; Views: 1306; Downloads: 382
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3.
Multifunctional composites by high-pressure spray processes
Eckhard Weidner, Marcus Petermann, Željko Knez, 2003, review article

Abstract: A series of spraying processes designed to generate powders and composites using supercritical fluids have been proposed in the past 15 years. In this review, thermo- and fluid-dynamic aspects and engineering principles are discussed and advantages of such technologies are demonstrated. These new techniques display convincing advantages, producing competitive high-quality products with tailor-made properties. Initial industrial applications have been achieved in the production of food products and fine-chemicals.
Keywords: chemical processing, high pressure technology, micronization, supercritical fluids, particles, powder generation, thermodynamics, fluid dynamics, PGSS
Published in DKUM: 01.06.2012; Views: 2519; Downloads: 103
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