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The dose–response relationship of quercetin on the motor unit firing patterns and contractile properties of muscle in men and women
Kohei Watanabe, Shun Kunugi, Aleš Holobar, 2023, original scientific article

Abstract: Quercetin is one type of ergogenic aid and its effects on the neuromuscular system have recently attracted interest, but its dose-effect is not yet fully understood. The aim of this study was to examine the effect of different doses of quercetin ingestion on motor unit firing patterns and muscle contractile properties in humans. Thirteen young males and females conducted neuromuscular performance tests before (PRE) and 60 min after (POST) ingestions of 500 or 200 mg of quercetin glycosides (Qg500/Qg200, respectively) or placebo (PLA) on three different days. At PRE and POST, motor unit firing rates were calculated from high-density surface electromyography of the vastus lateralis muscle during 120-s isometric contraction of knee extension at 10% of maximal voluntary contraction. Electrically elicited forces in knee extensor muscles were also measured. After 60 s of voluntary contraction, motor unit firing rates, normalized by the exerted muscle force at POST, were significantly lower at POST than PRE with Qg500 and Qg200 (p < 0.05), but not with PLA (p > 0.05). Changes in motor unit firing rates normalized by the exerted force from PRE to POST were significantly greater with Qg500 than Qg200 at the end of contraction (p < 0.05). Under all three conditions, the electrically elicited force did not significantly change from PRE to POST (p > 0.05). These results suggest that both 500 and 200-mg quercetin ingestions alter motor unit firing patterns, and that quercetin’s effect is at least partially dose-dependent.
Keywords: ergogenic aids, nutritional supplementation, multichannel surface electromyography, motor unit identification, quercetin
Published in DKUM: 09.02.2024; Views: 154; Downloads: 6
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An approach to calculate thermodynamic properties of mixtures including Propane, n-Butane, and Isobutane
Jurij Avsec, Koichi Watanabe, 2005, original scientific article

Abstract: This paper discusses a mathematical model for computing the thermodynamic properties of propane, n-butane, isobutane, and their mixtures, in the fluid phase using a method based upon statistical chain theory. The constants necessary for computations such as the characteristic temperatures of rotation, electronic state, etc. and the moments of inertia are obtained analytically applying a knowledge of the atomic structure of the molecule. The paper presents a procedure for calculating thermodynamic properties such aspressure, speed of sound, the Joule-Thomson coefficient, compressibility, enthalpy, and thermal expansion coefficient. This paper will discuss, for the first time, the application of statistical chain theory for accurate properties of binary and ternary mixtures including propane, n-butane, and isobutane, in their entire fluid phases. To calculate the thermodynamic properties of Lennard-Jones chains, the Liu-Li-Lu model has been used. The thermodynamic properties of the hydrocarbon mixtures are obtained using the one-fluid theory.
Keywords: statistical thermodynamics, chain theory, mixtures, transport properties, hydrocarbons, isobutane, n-butane, propane, refrigerants
Published in DKUM: 01.06.2012; Views: 2080; Downloads: 97
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Statistical approach to calculate thermodynamic properties for propane
Jurij Avsec, K. A... Watanabe, 2005, original scientific article

Abstract: The paper describes a mathematical model to compute equilibrium thermodynamic properties in the fluid phase of pure hydrocarbons with the aid of classical thermodynamics and statistical associating chain theories. In the present paper thermodynamic properties for propane, as an example of hydrocarbon substances, are calculated. To calculate the thermodynamic properties of real fluids, models based on the Lennard-Jones intermolecular potential were applied. To calculate the thermodynamic properties of real fluids with the aid of classical thermodynamics, Miyamoto-Watanabe (MW) equations, developed in terms of the Helmholtz energy were used. Analytical results obtained by statistical thermodynamics are compared with the MW model and show relatively good agreement.
Keywords: statistical thermodynamics, propane, thermodynamic properties, SAFT model, chain theory
Published in DKUM: 01.06.2012; Views: 1824; Downloads: 83
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