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Atrazine removal by covalent bonding to piperazine functionalized PolyHIPEs
Irena Pulko, Mitja Kolar, Peter Krajnc, 2007, original scientific article

Abstract: The removal of atrazine from water by a solid phase extraction technique usinginsoluble polymers is described. Porous crosslinked polymers bearing piperazine moieties were prepared in a one step reaction from the precursor 4-nitrophenylacrylate incorporating polymers (PolyHIPE type prepared by the polymerization of the continuous phase of a high internal phase emulsion and polymer beads prepared by suspension polymerization). Polymers were applied tosequester atrazine from aqueous solutions with a concentration of 33 ppb andirreversible covalent bonding to the polymers was achieved. GC/MS/MS was used to monitor the dynamics of atrazine uptake and it was found that almost complete removal of atrazine was acomplished with an excess of polymer after 48 hours at room temperature. For comparison, polymer beads of identical chemistry but lower porosity were also used and showed significantly slower action (near complete removal after 72 hours).
Keywords: polymer supports, polymer scavengers, monoliths, emulsion polymerisation, solid-phase synthesis
Published: 31.05.2012; Views: 1391; Downloads: 67
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Open cellular reactive porous membranes from high internal phase emulsions
Irena Pulko, Peter Krajnc, 2008, original scientific article

Abstract: High internal phase emulsions (HIPEs) incorporating styrene, 4-vinylbenzyl chloride, divinylbenzene and ethylhexyl acrylate were applied to prepare reactive, cross-linked porous membranes with open cellular architecture and thicknesses between 30 and 500 ▫$/mu$▫m.
Keywords: membranes, porous membranes, HIPE
Published: 31.05.2012; Views: 1192; Downloads: 63
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Acrylic acid "reversed" polyHIPEs
Peter Krajnc, Dejan Štefanec, Irena Pulko, 2005, original scientific article

Abstract: An oil-in-water high internal phase emulsion consisting of acrylic acid, water, and a crosslinker (N,N-methylene bisacrylamide) as the water phase, and toluene as the oil phase was successfully stabilised to sustain thermal initiation of radical polymerisation resulting in porous open-cellular monolithic material. The type of initiator used influenced the average pore size ranging from approx. 708 nm to approx. 1 087 nm, as determined by mercury porosimetry.
Keywords: hydrophilic polymers, macroporous polymers, poly (acrylic acid), polyHIPE, supports
Published: 01.06.2012; Views: 1429; Downloads: 68
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Poly(styrene-co-divinylbenzene-co-2-ethylhexyl)acrilate membranes with interconnected macroporous structure
Urška Sevšek, Silvo Seifried, Črtomir Stropnik, Irena Pulko, Peter Krajnc, 2011, original scientific article

Abstract: A combination of doctor blading and emulsion templating was used to prepare macroporous poly(styrene-co-divinylbenzene-co-2-ethylhexylacrylate) and poly(styrene-co-divinylbenzene) membranes with an interconnected porous structure. Water in oil high internal phase emulsions including monomers in the oil phase were cast onto a glass plate and polymerised at elevated temperature. After purification porous polyHIPE membranes were obtained. The volume ratio of aqueous phase (75 % or 85 %) and the molar ratio of divinylbenzene (2 % or 4 %) were varied, while the addition of chlorobenzene to the oil phase influenced the viscosity of the emulsions. A comonomer, 2-ethylhexylacrylate substantially improved the flexibility of the membranes. All yielding membranes were characterized by measuring their cast thicknesses and flow densities for deionised water. Scanning electron microscopy was used to study the morphological features of the membranes.
Keywords: membrane, porous polymers, polyHIPE, emulsions
Published: 10.07.2015; Views: 1058; Downloads: 86
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Influence of crosslinker and monomer ratio on bead size distribution, swelling and polymer network flexibility of 4-nitrophenylacrylate polymer supports
Irena Pulko, Peter Krajnc, 2005, original scientific article

Abstract: Sphere shaped polymer supports with styrene and 4-nitrophenylacrylate as monomers and divinylbenzene (DVB) or ethyleneglycoldimethacrylate (EGDMA) as crosslinkers were prepared by free radical polymerization in suspension medium. Ratio of monomers as well as the crosslinking degree varied in order to test the influences on head size distribution, swelling and polymer network flexibility. The amount of crosslinker had an effect on bead size, average bead diameters being between 10 µm and 35 µm when 5% of crosslinker was applied and between 35 µm and 55 µm when 20% was used. The crosslinking degree also affected swelling in dichloromethane, water, methanol, toluene and acetonitrile, being more intense with lower concentrations of DVB or EGDMA. The flexibility of polymer networkwas investigated using reactions with 1,8-diaminooctane. High degrees of additional crosslinking was observed, namely between 58 and 95% indicating high flexibility of polymer network.
Keywords: organic chemistry, polymer supports, 4-nitrophenilacrylate, suspension polimerization, bead size distribution
Published: 10.07.2015; Views: 894; Downloads: 79
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Srebritev nukleolarnih organizacijskih regij
Irena Vidovič, 1998, undergraduate thesis

Keywords: proliferacijske aktivnosti, molekularne komponente, srebritev, histokemično barvanje
Published: 26.07.2007; Views: 1989; Downloads: 0

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