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Geometric unification of Higgs bundle vacua
Mirjam Cvetič, Jonathan J. Heckman, Thomas B. Rochais, Ethan Torres, Gianluca Zoccarato, 2020, original scientific article

Abstract: Higgs bundles are a central tool used to study a range of intersecting brane systems in string compactifications. Solutions to the internal gauge theory equations of motion for the corresponding worldvolume theories of brans give rise to different low energy effective field theories. This has been heavily used in the study of M-theory on local G(2) spaces and F-theory on local elliptically fibered CalabiYau fourfolds. In this paper we show that the 3D N = 1 effective field theory defined by M-theory on a local spin(7) space unifies the Higgs bundle data associated with 4D N = 1 M- and F-theory vacua. This 3D system appears as an interface with finite thickness between different 4D vacua. We develop the general formalism of M-theory on such local spin(7) spaces and build explicit interpolating solutions. This provides a complementary local gauge theory analysis of a recently proposed approach to constructing spin(7) spaces from generalized connected sums.
Keywords: F-theory, Higgs, M-theory, field theories, spin spices
Published in DKUM: 23.10.2023; Views: 427; Downloads: 11
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T-branes and G(2) backgrounds
Rodrigo Barbosa, Mirjam Cvetič, Jonathan J. Heckman, Craig Lawrie, Ethan Torres, Gianluca Zoccarato, 2020, original scientific article

Abstract: Compactification of M-string theory on manifolds with G(2) structure yields a wide variety of 4D and 3D physical theories. We analyze the local geometry of such compactifications as captured by a gauge theory obtained from a three-manifold of ADE singularities. Generic gauge theory solutions include a nontrivial gauge field flux as well as normal deformations to the three-manifold captured by noncommuting matrix coordinates, a signal of T-brane phenomena. Solutions of the 3D gauge theory on a three-manifold are given by a deformation of the Hitchin system on a marked Riemann surface which is fibered over an interval. We present explicit examples of such backgrounds as well as the profile of the corresponding zero modes for localized chiral matter. We also provide a purely algebraic prescription for characterizing localized matter for such T-brane configurations. The geometric interpretation of this gauge theory description provides a generalization of twisted connected sums with codimension seven singularities at localized regions of the geometry. It also indicates that geometric codimension six singularities can sometimes support 4D chiral matter due to physical structure "hidden" in T-branes.
Keywords: Yang-Mills connections, spin(7), holonomy, bundles, metrics
Published in DKUM: 16.10.2023; Views: 203; Downloads: 12
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Yukawa hierarchies in global F-theory models
Mirjam Cvetič, Ling Lin, Mingqiang Liu, Hao Y. Zhang, Gianluca Zoccarato, 2020, original scientific article

Abstract: We argue that global F-theory compactifications to four dimensions gener- ally exhibit higher rank Yukawa matrices from multiple geometric contributions known as Yukawa points. The holomorphic couplings furthermore have large hierarchies for generic complex structure moduli. Unlike local considerations, the compact setup realizes these features all through geometry, and requires no instanton corrections. As an example, we consider a concrete toy model with SU(5) x U(1) gauge symmetry. From the geometry, we find two Yukawa points for the 10-25-4 coupling, producing a rank two Yukawa matrix. Our methods allow us to track all complex structure dependencies of the holomorphic couplings and study the ratio numerically. This reveals hierarchies of O(10(5)) and larger on a full-dimensional subspace of the moduli space.
Keywords: F-theory, supersymmetric effective theories
Published in DKUM: 16.10.2023; Views: 209; Downloads: 11
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Reflections on the matter of 3D N=1 vacua and local Spin(7) compactifications
Mirjam Cvetič, Jonathan J. Heckman, Ethan Torres, Gianluca Zoccarato, 2022, original scientific article

Abstract: We use Higgs bundles to study the 3D N = 1 vacua obtained from M-theory compactified on a local Spin(7) space given as a four-manifold M-4 of ADE singularities with further generic enhancements in the singularity type along one-dimensional subspaces. There can be strong quantum corrections to the massless degrees of freedom in the low energy effective field theory, but topologically robust quantities such as "parity" anomalies are still calculable. We show how geometric reflections of the compactification space descend to 3D reflections and discrete symmetries. The parity anomalies of the effective field theory descend from topological data of the compactification. The geometric perspective also allows us to track various perturbative and nonperturbative corrections to the 3D effective field theory. We also provide some explicit constructions of well-known 3D theories, including those which arise as edge modes of 4D topological insulators, and 3D N = 1 analogs of grand unified theories. An additional result of our analysis is that we are able to track the spectrum of extended objects and their transformations under higher-form symmetries.
Keywords: Compactification, geometry, M-theory, quantum field theory, string theory techniques in condensed matter, strings & branes, supersymmetry, topology
Published in DKUM: 25.09.2023; Views: 236; Downloads: 18
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