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Development and validation of the "Mentoring for effective teaching practicum instrument"
Mateja Ploj Virtič, Andre Du Plessis, Andrej Šorgo, 2023, original scientific article

Abstract: In the context of improving the quality of teacher education, the focus of the present work was to adapt the Mentoring for Effective Primary Science Teaching instrument to become more universal and have the potential to be used beyond the elementary science mentoring context. The adapted instrument was renamed the Mentoring for Effective Teaching Practicum Instrument. The new, validated instrument enables the assessment of trainee teachers' perceived experiences with their mentors during their two-week annual teaching practicum at elementary and high schools. In the first phase, the original 34-item Mentoring for Effective Primary Science Teaching instrument was expanded to 62 items with the addition of new items and items from the previous works. All items were rephrased to refer to contexts beyond primary science teaching. Based on responses on an expanded instrument received from 105 pre-service teachers, of whom 94 were females in their fourth year of study (approx. age 22-23 years), the instrument was reviewed and shortened to 36 items classified into six dimensions: personal attributes, system requirements, pedagogical knowledge, modelling, feedback, and Information and Communication Technology due to outcomes of Principal Component and Confirmatory Factor analyses. All six dimensions of the revised instrument are unidi-mensional, with Cronbach alphas above 0.8 and factor loadings of items above 0.6. Such an instrument could be used in follow-up studies and to improve learning outcomes of teaching practice. As such, specific and general recommendations for the mentee, mentors, university lecturers, and other stakeholders could be derived from the findings to encourage reflection and offer suggestions for the future.
Keywords: mentoring, teacher education, teaching practicum
Published in DKUM: 15.04.2024; Views: 29; Downloads: 0
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In the search for the ideal mentor by applying the "Mentoring for effective teaching practice instrument"
Mateja Ploj Virtič, Andre Du Plessis, Andrej Šorgo, 2023, original scientific article

Abstract: The study aims to explore and analyse the perceived experiences of Slovenian pre-service teachers with their mentors during their teaching practicum, by using the "Mentoring for effective teaching practice instrument (METPI)". Conclusions were based on 105 responses using paper and pencil, collected from Slovenian preservice teachers in their 4th year of study. The initial set of 62 items was shortened to 36 items for inclusion in the models. From two concurrent SEM models, it was concluded that students found their experiences related to Hudson's five-factor model, consisting of personal attributes of their mentor, modelling, pedagogical knowledge, system requirements and feedback, to be satisfactory, while their experience pertaining to Information and Communication Technology as a new, additional factor with reference to their mentor, was unsatisfactory. Several recommendations are made related to the dimensions, especially pertaining to Information and Communication Technology (ICT) tools.
Keywords: ICT, mentoring pre-service teachers, METPI, teacher professional knowledge, teaching practicum
Published in DKUM: 15.04.2024; Views: 26; Downloads: 0
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Exploring factors afecting elementary school teachers' adoption of 3D printers in teaching
Branko Anđić, Andrej Šorgo, Christoph Helm, Robert Weinhandl, Vida Lang, 2023, original scientific article

Abstract: Owing to its advantages such as producing durable models and easy accessibility, 3D modeling and printing (3DMP) has become increasingly popular in educational practice and research. However, the results of many studies have shown that the adoption rate of 3DMP among teachers is still low, especially in elementary schools. Therefore, research is needed to expand current knowledge about what influences teachers' decisions to start and continue using 3DMP in elementary schools. To investigate factors that affect elementary school teachers' decisions to use 3D printing in teaching, this study uses a mixed methods research approach combining binary logistic regression with a qualitative thematic analysis approach. Both approaches assembled predictive constructs from a range of theories on (1) technology acceptance and (2) intentions to continue or abandon 3DMP use. Using a sample of 225 elementary teachers from Montenegro, this study empirically concluded that intentions to discontinue 3DMP was slightly more strongly correlated with the predictors (i.e., performance expectancy, effort expectancy, perceived pedagogical impact, personal innovativeness, management support, user interface quality, technology compatibility, social influence, student expectations) than was intentions to continue using 3DMP. Performance expectancy was a significant determinant of teachers’ continued use of a 3DMP approach. The remaining seven factors (constructs) were found to be insignificant predictors. Perceived pedagogical impact and technology compatibility were significantly associated with teachers' decisions to discontinue using 3DMP. Our results also suggest that the time required to use 3DMP during instruction, the impact of 3DMP on the implementation of curriculum activities, and the availability of 3D printers are all relevant factors that influence teachers’' decision to use or abandon 3DMP.
Keywords: elementary school, binary logistic regression, continuance intentions, thematic analysis approach, 3D modelling and printing
Published in DKUM: 26.03.2024; Views: 67; Downloads: 2
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The idea that digital remote learning can happen anytime, anywhere in forced online teacher education is a myth
Andrej Šorgo, Mateja Ploj Virtič, Kosta Dolenc, 2023, original scientific article

Abstract: An involuntary international experiment in which the entire student population was switched to digital remote learning due to the measures to stop COVID-19 put the paradigm of "anytime, anywhere learning" to the test. Online survey responses were obtained from 281 preservice primary and subject teachers. Using Structural Equation Modelling, connections were examined by inspection of path coefcients between constructs quality of personal digital technology, satisfaction, health, well-being, motivation, and physical activity. Problems with the quality of personal digital technology had a moderate infuence on all constructs except motivation. Satisfaction infuenced all constructs, well-being, and health the most. When comparing responses of the bottom and top third students based on the quality of personal digital technology, it was found that students who did not have the appropriate technology and workspace were less satisfed and sufered more. This is refected in an increased incidence of problems related to health, well-being, and physical activity, along with a decrease in motivation. At least for the technologically deprived, the paradigm of "anytime, anywhere learning" is a myth. The study highlights the need for educational institutions to provide adequate technology and workspaces for all students in order to support their well-being and motivation during remote learning.
Keywords: digital technology, health, online education, satisfaction, well-being
Published in DKUM: 15.02.2024; Views: 141; Downloads: 6
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Učenje temeljnih postopkov oživljanja z uporabo avtomatskega zunanjega defibrilatorja ter odnos do oživljanja pri osnovnošolcih
Vesna Borovnik Lesjak, 2023, doctoral dissertation

Abstract: Izhodišča: Izobraževanje osnovnošolcev o temeljnih postopkih oživljanja (TPO) in uporabi avtomatskega zunanjega defibrilatorja (AED) je lahko učinkovito, relativno enostavno in ključno za razširjanje poznavanja TPO med laično javnost. Le to je ključno za preživetje žrtev nenadnega srčnega zastoja izven bonišnice, ki ostaja kljub napredku medicine nizko. Namen te raziskave je bil na podlagi podatkov, pridobljenih z zanesljivimi merilnimi instrumenti, predlagati učinkovite modele poučevanja osnovnošolcev, da bi s tem olajšali umestitev tečajev TPO in AED v redne šolske programe. Metode: V raziskavo je bilo vključenih 783 sedmo- in devetošolcev mariborskih osnovnih šol. Izvedli smo tečaj TPO in AED, ki je zajemal eno šolsko uro interaktivnega predavanja in eno šolsko uro praktične vadbe na lutkah. Razvili smo vprašalnike za preverjanje znanja o TPO in AED, o odnosu do TPO in AED ter o nameri izvajanja TPO in AED. Znanje smo preverjali pred tečajem in po njem (takoj, po 5 mesecih in po 2 letih); odnos in namero pa pred tečajem in po njem. V preverjanje srednjeročne retence znanja in veščin je bilo vključenih 116 učencev, dolgoročne retence znanja po 2 letih pa 96 učencev. V primerjavo z drugimi tečaji je bilo vključenih 148 učencev iz dveh drugih šol iz drugih krajev. Za preverjanje praktičnih veščin smo uporabili prirejen Cardiffov vprašalnik o TPO in AED in didaktične lutke (Little Anne QCPR, Laerdal Medical, Stavanger, Norway). Rezultati: Vsi vprašalniki so bili validirani za uporabo med osnovnošolci. Izboljšanje znanja takoj po tečaju je bilo znatno (83 % v primerjavi s 60 % pred tečajem), po petih mesecih in po dveh letih pa je značilno upadlo (73 % in 75 %), vendar je ostalo značilno boljše kot pred tečajem (p<0,001). Uspešnost izvajanja praktičnih veščin po petih mesecih je bila okoli 60 %. Končni model obnašanja je bil sestavljen iz treh teoretičnih konstruktov: samozavesti, pozitivne motivacije in amotivacije. Samozavest je imela največji vpliv na namero dejanskega izvajanja TPO in AED, pozitivna motivacija pa je bila močno povezana s samozavestjo. Pri primerjavi z drugimi tečaji je populacija učencev na slovenjgraškem tečaju izstopala z značilno boljšimi rezultati na testu znanja pred tečajem in po njem . Namera nudenja TPO in AED pa je bila po tečaju značilno višja med mariborskimi osnovnošolci v primerjavi z ostalima populacijama. Zaključek: Razviti instrumenti se lahko uporabijo za zanesljivo oceno uspešnosti tečajev TPO in AED na podlagi meritev spremembe znanja po tečaju ter vpliva tečaja na dejansko namero ukrepanja med osnovnošolci. Ugotovili smo, da odnos do TPO in AED ni tako kompleksen, kot smo predvidevali, kar oljaša delo inštruktorjem, saj poznavanje določenih konstruktov obnašanja ni bistveno. Najpomembnejši vpliv na namero za izvajanje TPO in AED ima samozavest, na katero lahko vplivamo z vsemi oblikami pozitivne motivacije. Zanesljivi podatki, zbrani z validiranimi instrumenti, se tako lahko predstavijo ustreznim institucijam za spodbuditev učinkovite vključitve tečajev TPO in AED med obvezne šolske vsebine.
Keywords: Avtomatski zunanji defibrilator, izvenbolnišnični srčni zastoj, osnovnošolci, poučevanje, temeljni postopki oživljanja
Published in DKUM: 15.02.2024; Views: 141; Downloads: 27
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What is worth retaining from the COVID-19 experience on remote online education in the prospective teacher education?
Mateja Ploj Virtič, Kosta Dolenc, Andrej Šorgo, 2023, original scientific article

Abstract: The COVID-19 pandemic reshaped the educational landscape, including the training of prospective teachers. This study explores prospective teachers' experiences of transitioning to online distance education (ODE) and their intentions regarding the preferred teaching scenarios they wish to use in their future in-service practice. In the sample of 281 prospective teachers, we found interesting results: (a) smartphones offer very limited opportunities for active participation in ODE; (b) connectivity is the weakest point in ODE; (c) personal digital infrastructure and study conditions influence intention to choose teaching scenarios in ODE, when in the role of teacher, while group size does not. We can safely assume that online distance education will survive in some educational pockets but due to numerous limitations, it will not become a dominant current in teacher education.
Keywords: teachers education, COVID-19 experience, online distance education
Published in DKUM: 13.02.2024; Views: 118; Downloads: 7
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Plants are not boring, school botany is
Nataša Kletečki, Dario Hruševar, Božena Mitić, Andrej Šorgo, 2023, original scientific article

Abstract: The quality of botanical education depends on the quality and interests of the teacher. The aim of our paper was to conduct an initial study on the attitudes of primary and secondary school teachers about plants and botany. We initiated a study in which 211 biology and 168 teachers of different subjects, from primary to secondary schools in Croatia, participated on a voluntary basis. Statistical analysis was processed using jamovi 2.3 software. Teachers of all profiles (biology and others) had similar attitudes: high opinion about the importance of plants for life and education but not about school botany; botany was in the middle of their scale for potential exclusion from education. The last part of the survey referred only to biology teachers and their interests and suggestions for increasing the attractiveness of botany as a subject. The results showed that botany was the least popular, and within it, teachers were most interested in ecology and horticulture. They suggested that botany would be more interesting with active teaching methods and references to everyday contexts; however, it remains unclear why that is so, as the level of autonomy they are given does enable them to introduce such changes.
Keywords: botanical education, Croatia, plant awareness, plant blindness, primary and secondary school teachers
Published in DKUM: 06.02.2024; Views: 159; Downloads: 7
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Izvedba eksperimentalnega dela v 8. in 9. razredih pri predmetih biologija in kemija v času zaprtja šol zaradi pandemije : magistrsko delo
Karin Hvalec, 2023, master's thesis

Abstract: Pandemija COVID-19 je prinesla nenadne spremembe na področju izobraževanja po svetu tako za učitelje, kot starše in učence. Edina možnost za nadaljevanje izobraževalnega procesa ob zaprtju javnega življenja, je bilo izobraževanje na daljavo, ki je predstavljalo poseben izziv za učitelje predmetov, ki temeljijo na eksperimentalno raziskovalnem delu, kot sta kemija in biologija. V magistrskem delu smo raziskali, kako in v kakšnem obsegu je raziskovalno delo pri omenjenih predmetih potekalo v času izobraževanja na daljavo v primerjavi z izobraževanjem v šoli, kako to obliko izobraževanja vidijo starši, učenci in učitelji, kakšne prednosti in slabosti so spremembe prinesle ter kakšni so vplivi na udeležence v procesu izobraževanja na daljavo. Ugotovili smo, da obstaja statistično pomembna razlika v obsegu izvajanih laboratorijskih vaj pri kemiji in biologiji pri izobraževanju na daljavo in pri izobraževanju v šoli. Pokazalo se je, da je pri učencih, ki so se izobraževali na daljavo, opaziti primanjkljaj znanja in eksperimentalnih spretnosti ter da ima šolanje na domu resne posledice tudi za duševno in fizično zdravje otrok.
Keywords: kemija, biologija, eksperimentalno delo, pandemija v šolstvu, izobraževanje na daljavo
Published in DKUM: 05.09.2023; Views: 369; Downloads: 18
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Differences in chemistry teachers' acceptance of educational software according to their user type : an application of extended UTAUT model
Kateřina Chroustová, Andrej Šorgo, Martin Bilék, Martin Rusek, 2022, original scientific article

Abstract: In this research, a model to determine chemistry teachers' acceptance of educational software in secondary education is proposed. The model extends the unified theory of acceptance and use of technology (UTAUT) model. Data were collected from 556 Czech chemistry teachers and analysed using structural equation modelling. With respect to the significant differences among technology users and various types of nonusers, the research model for each user group was tested too. The results showed significant differences in the individual models for each group of technology user. In the model for "current users" of educational software, the influence of facilitating conditions on current users' use of educational software behavioural intention is stressed. In addition, non-planning users' behavioural intention seems to be influenced by their personal innovativeness in IT, social influence, and performance expectancy. Behavioural intention and attitude towards using educational software affect each of the tested models, with attitudes being an even stronger predictor of educational software usage than behavioural intention. The models contribute to the understanding of teachers' acceptance of educational software, which can be utilized in both pre- and in-service teacher training, considering technology mastery a necessary teacher competence.
Keywords: chemistry teachers' motivation, educational software use, secondary education, technology acceptance
Published in DKUM: 01.09.2023; Views: 360; Downloads: 41
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European first-year university students accept evolution but lack substantial knowledge about it: a standardized European cross-country assessment
Paul Kuschmierz, Anna Beniermann, Alexander Bergmann, Rianne Pinxten, Tuomas Aivelo, Justyna Berniak-Woźny, Gustav Bohlin, Anxela Bugallo-Rodriguez, Pedro Cardia, Bento Filipe Barreiras Pinto Cavadas, Andrej Šorgo, Gregor Torkar, 2021, original scientific article

Abstract: Investigations of evolution knowledge and acceptance and their relation are central to evolution edu‑ cation research. Ambiguous results in this feld of study demonstrate a variety of measuring issues, for instance difer‑ ently theorized constructs, or a lack of standardized methods, especially for cross-country comparisons. In particular, meaningful comparisons across European countries, with their varying cultural backgrounds and education systems, are rare, often include only few countries, and lack standardization. To address these defcits, we conducted a stand‑ ardized European survey, on 9200 frst-year university students in 26 European countries utilizing a validated, com‑ prehensive questionnaire, the “Evolution Education Questionnaire”, to assess evolution acceptance and knowledge, as well as infuencing factors on evolution acceptance.
Keywords: evolucija, znanje, visokošolsko izobraževanje, ocenjevanje, Evropa, evolution, acceptance, knowledge, multilevel modeling, socioscientific issues, religious faith, higher education, Europe, assessment, attitude
Published in DKUM: 02.09.2022; Views: 460; Downloads: 9
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